Adaptation Space: A Design Framework for Adaptive Web Services

Adaptation Space: A Design Framework for Adaptive Web Services

Henrique Paques (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA), Ling Liu (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA) and Calton Pu (Georgia Institute of Technology, USA)
Copyright: © 2004 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/jwsr.2004070101
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Abstract

Web service adaptation is an important feature for mission critical Web services. It is widely recognized that thrashing and crashes occur in system saturation for many statically adaptive resource management algorithms, including CPU, memory, and network congestion. Service adaptation supports alternative responses to saturation control, maintaining service and server system stability and progress, instead of thrashing. In this article, we present a design framework for developing adaptive Web services. The core of this framework is the adaptation space model, which is based on the concepts of adaptation space and adaptation case. An adaptation space is defined by a reference context and a partial order of adaptation cases. Each adaptation case describes a specific adaptation of a program or component of a Web service. We evaluate the adaptation space approach using Ginga, an adaptive query processing service for handling queries over multiple data sources with diverse capabilities across the Internet. Our experimental results show that Ginga query adaptation can achieve significant performance improvements (up to 40% of response time gain) for processing distributed queries over the Internet in the presence of end-to-end delays.

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