Adaptive Ontology Use for Crisis Knowledge Representation

Adaptive Ontology Use for Crisis Knowledge Representation

Aviv Segev (National Chengchi University, Taiwan)
DOI: 10.4018/jiscrm.2009040102
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Abstract

In a crisis the problem of the lack of a shared platform or similar communication methods among the collaborators usually arises within a few hours. While a crisis requires rapid response of emergency management factors, ontology is generally represented in a static manner. Therefore, an adaptive ontology for crisis knowledge representation is needed to assist in coordinating relief efforts in different crisis situations. The article describes a method of ontology modeling that modifies the ontology in real time during a crisis according to the crisis surroundings. The method is based on modeling a basic predefined multilingual ontology while allowing the expansion of the ontology according to the crisis circumstances and the addition of other languages within the crisis time limitations. An example of ontology use based on a sample Katrina crisis blog is presented. Motivation for multilingual ontology use is supplied by the Boxing Day Tsunami crisis.

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