The Effectiveness of Scaffolding in a Web-Based, Adaptive Learning System

The Effectiveness of Scaffolding in a Web-Based, Adaptive Learning System

Mei-Yu Chang (National Hsinchu University of Education, Taiwan), Wernhuar Tarng (National Hsinchu University of Education, Taiwan) and Fu-Yu Shin (Chien-Kuo Elementary School, Taiwan)
DOI: 10.4018/jwbltt.2009091801
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This study combined ideas from learning hierarchy and scaffolding theory to design a web-based, adaptive learning system to investigate the effectiveness of scaffolding for elementary school students having different levels of learning achievement. The topic chosen for learning was the Three States of Water. A quasi-experiment was conducted. In this experiment, students were divided into three groups: control group (without scaffolds), experimental group A (scaffolds providing by on-line conversation) and experimental group B (scaffolds providing by face-to-face conversation). The experimental results showed significant improvement for students after they had studied using the web-based, adaptive learning system. Specifically, scaffolds in the form of face-to-face conversations greatly enhanced the learning of high-achievement students. However, there were no significant differences between the low-achievement students with or without the provision of scaffolds. It was also discovered that the web-based, adaptive learning system could help students develop their learning responsibility.

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