Gaussian And Non-Gaussian
To distinguish between the Gaussian and Non-Gaussian traffic we have taken two parameters one is Skewness & Kurtosis. Skewness represented in Equation 1 measures the orientation or the asymmetry the bell-shaped distribution about its mean, if it’s value is positive, then most the distribution are longer and flatter on the right of the mean as compared to its left, otherwise for the negative value the distribution is are longer and flatter on the left of the mean as compared to its left. Kurtosis is another parameter similar to Skewness which measures the peakedness of the distribution represented in Equation 2:(1)(2)
are the mean, standard deviation and the distribution respectively.
The value of these two parameters decides the nature of traffic if the value of Skewness is equal to 0 and of Kurtosis is 3 then the distribution of the traffic is Gaussian otherwise it is Non-Gaussian. As from the Table 2 we have taken four traces of each for Gaussian and Non-Gaussian traffic, the Skewness values of all four traces for Gaussian traffic is almost 0 and its Kurtosis is almost 3 i.e. the traces are not purely Gaussian but very near to be called Gaussian, whereas, for the Non-Gaussian traces the values Skewness is not near to 0 and same with the values of Kurtosis is not near to 3.