Complexity Science, Living Systems, and Reflexing Interfaces: New Models and Perspectives

Complexity Science, Living Systems, and Reflexing Interfaces: New Models and Perspectives

Franco Orsucci (University College London, UK & Institute for Complexity Studies, Italy) and Nicoletta Sala (University of Lugano, Switzerland)
Release Date: September, 2012|Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 466
ISBN13: 9781466620773|ISBN10: 1466620773|EISBN13: 9781466620780|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2077-3


There are new and important advancements in today’s complexity theories in ICT and requires an extraordinary perspective on the interaction between living systems and information technologies. With human evolution and its continuous link with the development of new tools and environmental changes, technological advancements are paving the way for new evolutionary steps.

Complexity Science, Living Systems, and Reflexing Interfaces: New Models and Perspectives is a collection of research provided by academics and scholars aiming to introduce important advancements in areas such as artificial intelligence, evolutionary computation, neural networks, and much more. This scholarly piece will provide contributions that will define the line of development in complexity science.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Artificial Intelligence and Artificial Life
  • Bio-inspired Computation and Machines
  • Complexity and fractal geometry
  • Complexity and ICT
  • Evolutionary Algorithms in Economy
  • Living Complexities
  • Natural and Artificial Language
  • Neural Networks in Biomedicine
  • Robotics
  • Virtual Reality

Reviews and Testimonials

Contributors in psychology, physics, art therapy, and other fields explore complexity in the interface between living systems and information technology. Their topics include fractal geometry as a bridge between realms, exploring structural and dynamic properties of microtubules by means of artificial neural networks, the biotic logic of quantum processes and quantum computation, recurrence indicators for estimating characteristic size and frequency of spatial patterns, and a parametric generator for architectural and urban three-dimensional objects.

– Book News Inc. Portland, OR

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Walter J. Freeman
Franco F. Orsucci, Nicoletta Sala
Chapter 1
Reflexing Interfaces  (pages 1-24)
Franco F. Orsucci
Since the first production of tools at the beginning of human presence on earth, evolutionary jumps mark human development. Sometimes, these... Sample PDF
Reflexing Interfaces
Chapter 2
Terry Marks-Tarlow
This chapter describes fractal geometry as a bridge between the imaginary and the real, mind and matter, conscious and the unconscious. Fractals are... Sample PDF
Fractal Geometry as a Bridge between Realms
Chapter 3
Franco Scalzone, Gemma Zontini
In this chapter, the authors examine some similarities between computer science and psychoanalysis, and formulate some hypotheses by bringing closer... Sample PDF
Thinking Animals and Thinking Machines in Psychoanalysis and Beyond
Chapter 4
Liane Gabora, Maegan Merrifield
This chapter begins by outlining a promising, new theoretical framework for the process by which human culture evolves inspired by the views of... Sample PDF
Dynamical Disequilibrium, Transformation, and the Evolution and Development of Sustainable Worldviews
Chapter 5
R. Pizzi, S. Fiorentini, G. Strini, M. Pregnolato
Microtubules (MTs) are cylindrical polymers of the tubulin dimer, are constituents of all eukaryotic cells cytoskeleton and are involved in key... Sample PDF
Exploring Structural and Dynamical Properties Microtubules by Means of Artificial Neural Networks
Chapter 6
David Vernon, Tammy Dempster
This chapter explores the use of neurofeedback training as a mechanism for altering human brain functioning and in turn influencing behaviour. It... Sample PDF
Neurofeedback: Refining the Methodology of Brain-Computer Interface Training
Chapter 7
Hector Sabelli, Louis H. Kauffman
This chapter explores how the logic of physical and biological processes may be employed in the design and programing of computers. Quantum... Sample PDF
The Biotic Logic of Quantum Processes and Quantum Computation
Chapter 8
Alessandro Giuliani
Some applications of network based modelling are presented so to introduce the basic terminology of the emergent network paradigm to highlight... Sample PDF
Networks: A Sketchy Portrait of an Emergent Paradigm
Chapter 9
Francisco Torrens, Gloria Castellano
Numerous definitions for complexity have been proposed with little consensus. The definition here is related to Kolmogorov complexity and Shannon... Sample PDF
Complexity, Emergence and Molecular Diversity via Information Theory
Chapter 10
Chiara Mocenni, Angelo Facchini
In this chapter, the authors propose a method for the estimation of the characteristic size and frequency of the typical structure in systems... Sample PDF
Recurrence Indicators for the Estimation of Characteristic Size and Frequency of Spatial Patterns
Chapter 11
Leonardo Castellano, Nicoletta Sala, Angelo Rolla, Walter Ambrosetti
This chapter describes a study designed to evaluate the spectrum of the residence time of the water at different depths of a deep lake, and to... Sample PDF
The Residence Time of the Water in Lake MAGGIORE. Through an Eulerian-Lagrangian Approach
Chapter 12
Ljubiša M. Kocic
Fast development of computer networking contributes to the global spreading and popularizing of the notion of fractals and complex patterns in their... Sample PDF
Possibility of Fractal Aesthetics
Chapter 13
Renato Saleri Lunazzi
The authors developed and finalized a specific tool able to model the global structure of architectural objects through a morphological and semantic... Sample PDF
Parametric Generator for Architectural and Urban 3D Objects
Chapter 14
Nicoletta Sala
In the modelling of the natural shapes (clouds, ferns, trees, shells, rivers, mountains), the limits imposed by Euclidean geometry can be exceeded... Sample PDF
Fractals, Computer Science and Beyond
About the Contributors

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Franco Orsucci received his first degree in Medicine and second degree in Psychiatry at La Sapienza University in Rome (Italy). He has been a researcher at the Italian National Research Council. Now he is professor of clinical psychology and psychiatry at the Catholic University and Gemelli University Hospital in Rome. He is also a research fellow at the London University College, and founder and editor in chief of Chaos and Complexity Letters International Journal of Dynamical System Research (Nova Science, New York). His last published books are Changing Mind, Transitions in Natural and Artificial Environments (World Scientific, Singapore, 2002) and Bioethics in Complexity (Imperial College Press, London, 2004). He has also published more than 80 scientific articles on neuroscience and cognitive science.
Sala Nicoletta received the degree in Physics (“Laurea”), applied cybernetics, at the University of Milan (Italy). Ph.D. in Communication Science at Università della Svizzera italiana of Lugano (USI, Lugano, Switzerland). Postgraduates (two years for each) in :"Didactics of the communication and multimedia technologies" and "Journalism and mass media". She is professor in Information Technology and in Electronics and she teaches at University of Lugano (Mendrisio, Switzerland). She is founder and co-editor of Chaos and Complexity Letters International Journal of Dynamical System Research (Nova Science, New York). Her research interests concern various scientific topics from an interdisciplinary point of view and comprise the following areas: Fractal Geometry and Complexity; Mathematics in Arts, Architecture and Industrial Design; New media and IT in the learning environments; Virtual Reality in education. She has authored 20 mathematics and information technology books, and edited 10 others. She has written 300 scientific papers.