Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism

Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism

Lech Janczewski (University of Auckland, New Zealand) and Andrew Colarik (, USA)
Release Date: May, 2007|Copyright: © 2007 |Pages: 564
ISBN13: 9781591409915|ISBN10: 1591409918|EISBN13: 9781591409922|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-991-5


Enormous efficiencies have been gained over the past twenty-five years as a result of the introduction of computers and telecommunications technologies. The use of these systems and networks translates into a major concentration and centralization of information resources, however, this consolidation creates a major vulnerability to a host of attacks and exploitations. Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism reviews related problems, issues, and presentations of the newest research in this field.

Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism provides an overview with basic definitions of cyber terrorism and information warfare, along with recommendations on how to handle these attacks. It presents detailed discussion on primary target facilities, deliverables, external penetration, starting points for preparations against attacks, and planning security systems. The book gives a solid introduction to cyber warfare and cyber terrorism in the 21st Century. It is a must-have for information technology specialists and information security specialists who want a first hand briefing on developments related to cyber warfare and cyber terrorism attacks.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Access control models
  • Anti-spam approaches
  • Behavioral information security
  • Bio-cyber machine gun
  • Bouncing techniques
  • Cryptography
  • Cyber forensics
  • Cyber Security Models
  • Cyber Stalking
  • Cyber terrorism attacks
  • Cyber war defense
  • Data Mining
  • Databases
  • Deception in cyber attacks
  • Denial-of-service (dos) attacks
  • Economics of cyber security
  • Electronic money management
  • Electronic surveillance and civil rights
  • Information warfare trends
  • Infrastructures of cyber warfare
  • Knowledge Management
  • Malware
  • Personnel anomaly detection
  • Social engineering
  • Spam, spim and illegal advertisement
  • SQL code poisoning
  • Steganography
  • Terrorism and the internet

Reviews and Testimonials

This timely reference book, based on an extensive compilation, is not a guide, but rather an introductory review of cyber warfare and cyber terrorism in the 21st century. The experienced editors have written an easily comprehended book that is international in scope, and covers the last 25 years in computer and telecommunications developments and the Web. Highly recommended. All academic libraries and professional collections; all levels.

– CHOICE, Vol. 45, No. 06 (2008)

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

Search this Book:
Table of Contents
Andrew Colarik, Lech Janczewski
Lech Janczewski, Andrew Colarik
Introduction to Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism
Chapter 1
Kevin Curran, Kevin Concannon, Sean McKeever
Cyber terrorism is the premeditated, politically motivated attacks against information, computer systems, computer programs, and data which result... Sample PDF
Cyber Terrorism Attacks
Chapter 2
Gil Ariely
This chapter applies the conceptual framework of knowledge management (and vehicles familiar from that discipline) to analyze various aspects of... Sample PDF
Knowledge Management, Terrorism, and Cyber Terrorism
Chapter 3
Kenneth J. Knapp, William R. Boulton
This chapter discusses the rapid entry of information conflicts into civilian and commercial arenas by highlighting 10 trends in information... Sample PDF
Ten Information Warfare Trends
Chapter 4
John H. Nugent, Mahesh Raisinghani
This chapter examines briefly the history of warfare, and addresses the likelihood that in the future wars may well be fought, and won or lost not... Sample PDF
Bits and Bytes vs. Bullets and Bombs: A New Form of Warfare
Chapter 5
Robert S. Owen
Discussions of cyber warfare tend to focus on weakening or disrupting a physical critical core infrastructure. Critical infrastructures are systems... Sample PDF
Infrastructures of Cyber Warfare
Chapter 6
M. J. Warren
The new millennium has had a major impact, the world in which we live is changing. The information society is becoming a global society, the growth... Sample PDF
Terrorism and the Internet
Chapter 7
Steganography  (pages 50-56)
Merrill Warkentin, Mark B. Schmidt, Ernst Bekkering
Steganography, the process of hiding information, can be used to embed information or messages in digital files. Some uses are legitimate, such as... Sample PDF
Chapter 8
Cryptography  (pages 57-64)
Kevin Curran, Niall Smyth, Bryan McGrory
One of the main methods of security is cryptography encrypting data so that only a person with the right key can decrypt it and make sense of the... Sample PDF
Chapter 9
Kassem Saleh, Imran Zualkerman, Ibrahim Al Kattan
Due to the proliferations of computers and networks, organizations are providing many of their services online. Consequently, organizations are... Sample PDF
A Roadmap for Delivering Trustworthy IT Processes
Chapter 10
Neil Gandal
Software security is an important concern for vendors, consumers, and regulators since attackers who exploit vulnerabilities can cause significant... Sample PDF
An Introduction to Key Themes in the Economics of Cyber Security
Chapter 11
Manish Gupta, H. R. Rao
In recent times, reliance on interconnected computer systems to support critical operations and infrastructures and, at the same time, physical and... Sample PDF
Role of FS-ISAC in Countering Cyber Terrorism
Chapter 12
Neil C. Rowe, E. John Custy
Cyberspace, computers, and networks are now potential terrain of warfare. We describe some effective forms of deception in cyberspace and discuss... Sample PDF
Deception in Cyber Attacks
Chapter 13
Neil C. Rowe
While computer systems can be quite susceptible to deception by attackers, deception by defenders has increasingly been investigated in recent... Sample PDF
Deception in Defense of Computer Systems from Cyber Attack
Chapter 14
Neil C. Rowe
Offensive cyber warfare raises serious ethical problems for societies, problems that need to be addressed by policies. Since cyber weapons are so... Sample PDF
Ethics of Cyber War Attacks
Chapter 15
Kirk St.Amant
An individual’s personal information can be a valuable commodity to terrorists. With such data, terrorists can engage in a variety of illicit... Sample PDF
International Outsourcing, Personal Data, and Cyber Terrorism: Approaches for Oversight
Chapter 16
Romuald Thion
The information gathering process in cyber-warfare is as important as in real warfare. Once blackhats or cyber-terrorists aimed at an organization... Sample PDF
Network-Based Passive Information Gathering
Chapter 17
Konstantinos Robotis, Theodoros Tzouramanis
This chapter discusses electronic money management via modern payment processing systems. The protocols and architectures of modern payment... Sample PDF
Electronic Money Management in Modern Online Businesses
Chapter 18
Krzysztof Woda
There exist many connections between money laundering and terrorism financing concerning illicit practices for fundraising, transfer or withdrawal... Sample PDF
The Analysis of Money Laundering Techniq
Chapter 19
Dionysios V. Politis, Konstantinos P. Theodoridis
Economists and regulators, along with the Internet community as a whole, are involved in confronting illegal promotional strategies that may... Sample PDF
Spam, Spim, and Illegal Advertisement
Chapter 20
Stefan Kiltz, Andreas Lang, Jana Dittmann
The Trojan horse can be used in cyber-warfare and cyber-terrorism, as recent attacks in the field of industrial espionage have shown. To coordinate... Sample PDF
Malware: Specialized Trojan Horse
Chapter 21
Theodoros Tzouramanis
Anomaly Detection; Cookie Poisoning; CRLF Injection Attack; Cross-Site Scripting (or CSS) Attack Database Administrator (DBA); Database Management... Sample PDF
SQL Code Poisoning: The Most Prevalent Technique for Attacking Web Powered Databases
Chapter 22
Kevin Curran, Steven McIntyre, Hugo Meenan, Ciaran Heaney
Modern technology is providing unprecedented opportunities for surveillance. Employers can read e-mail, snoop on employee’s computer files, and... Sample PDF
Electronic Surveillance and Civil Rights
Chapter 23
Social Engineering  (pages 182-190)
B. Bhagyavati
This chapter will present a detailed view of social engineering and why it is important for users to beware of hackers using this technique. What... Sample PDF
Social Engineering
Chapter 24
Social Engineering  (pages 191-198)
Michael Aiello
Traditionally, “social engineering” is a term describing “efforts to systematically manage popular attitudes and social behavior on a large scale”... Sample PDF
Social Engineering
Chapter 25
Isabelle J. Fagnot
The effectiveness of information security can be substantially limited by inappropriate and destructive human behaviors within an organization. As... Sample PDF
Behavioral Information Security
Chapter 26
Shuyuan Mary Ho
Recent threats to prominent organizations have greatly increased social awareness of the need for information security. Many measures have been... Sample PDF
Toward a Deeper Understanding of Personnel Anomaly Detection
Chapter 27
Alok Mishra, Deepti Mishra
Cyber stalking is a relatively new kind of cyber terrorism crime. Although it often receives a lower priority then cyber terrorism it is an... Sample PDF
Cyber Stalking: A Challenge for Web Security
Chapter 28
Cyber Security Models  (pages 228-240)
Norman F. Schneidewind
Predictive models for estimating the occurrence of cyber attacks are desperately needed to counteract the growing threat of cyber terrorism.... Sample PDF
Cyber Security Models
Chapter 29
Murray E. Jennex
Cyber war is real and is being waged. Cyber terrorists and cyber warriors are attacking systems, but fortunately, they are attacking systems in much... Sample PDF
Cyber War Defense: Systems Development with Integrated Security
Chapter 30
Hsin-Yang Lu, Chia-Jung Tsui, Joon S. Park
The term “spam” refers to unsolicited bulk e-mail that people do not want to receive. Today it is gradually becoming a serious problem that results... Sample PDF
Antispam Approaches Against Information Warfare
Chapter 31
Georg Disterer, Ame Alles, Axel Hervatin
Since denial-of-service (DoS) attacks are a major threat to e-commerce, waves of DoS attacks against prominent Web pages gained wide publicity.... Sample PDF
Denial-of-Service (DoS) Attacks: Prevention, Intrusion Detection, and Mitigation
Chapter 32
André Årnes
Network monitoring is becoming increasingly important, both as a security measure for corporations and organizations, and in an infrastructure... Sample PDF
Large-Scale Monitoring of Critical Digital Infrastructures
Chapter 33
Ioannis P. Chochliouros, Stergios S. Chochliouros, Anastasia S. Spiliopoulou, Evita Lampadari
The work investigates some “core” features of public key infrastructures (PKI), including fundamental technologies and infrastructures, within the... Sample PDF
Public Key Infrastructures as a Means for Increasing Network Security
Chapter 34
Mark R. Leipnik
Geographic information systems (GIS) are defined and discussed both in general and specifically with reference to their applications in three... Sample PDF
Use of Geographic Information Systems in Cyber Warfare and Cyber Counterterrorism
Chapter 35
Gang Gong, Mark R. Leipnik
Remote sensing refers to the acquisition of information at a distance. More specifically, it has come to mean using aerial photographs or sensors on... Sample PDF
Use of Remotely Sensed Imagery in Cyber Warfare and Cyber Counterterrorism
Chapter 36
Hacking and Eavesdropping  (pages 307-317)
Kevin Curran, Peter Breslin, Kevin McLaughlin, Gary Tracey
Many self-proclaimed hackers would actually consider themselves to be performing a service to businesses as they claim they are simply showing... Sample PDF
Hacking and Eavesdropping
Chapter 37
Access Control Models  (pages 318-326)
Romuald Thion
Access control, or authorization, is arguably the most fundamental and most pervasive security mechanism in use today in computer systems. In... Sample PDF
Access Control Models
Chapter 38
Lior Rokach, Yuval Elovici
Intrusion detection is the process of monitoring and analyzing the events occurring in a computer system in order to detect signs of security... Sample PDF
An Overview of IDS Using Anomaly Detection
Chapter 39
Andrews Samraj
The bio-cyber machine gun (BCMG) is a defensive tool used to protect misuse of authentication, access control, and aid cryptography and information... Sample PDF
Bio-Cyber Machine Gun: A New Mode of Authentication Access Using Visual Evoked Potentials
Chapter 40
Bechara Al Bouna, Richard Chbeir
Cyber terrorism is one of the emergent issues to handle in the domain of security and access control models. Cyber Terrorist attacks on information... Sample PDF
Content-Based Policy Specification for Multimedia Authorization and Access Control Model
Chapter 41
Data Mining  (pages 358-365)
Mark Last
Data mining is a growing collection of computational techniques for automatic analysis of structured, semi-structured, and unstructured data with... Sample PDF
Data Mining
Chapter 42
André Årnes
A central issue in assessing and responding to an attack on the Internet is the identification and localization of the attackers. In information... Sample PDF
Identification and Localization of Digital Addresses on the Internet
Chapter 43
Diego Liberati
Four main general purpose approaches inferring knowledge from data are presented as a useful pool of at least partially complementary techniques... Sample PDF
Identification Through Data Mining
Chapter 44
Murray E. Jennex
Cyber war and cyber terrorism is real and is being waged. Cyber terrorists and cyber warriors are attacking systems and succeeding in their attacks.... Sample PDF
A Model for Emergency Response Systems
Chapter 45
Bouncing Techniques  (pages 392-396)
Stéphane Coulondre
Police investigation methods and tools are very efficient today in tracking down a cyber-attack. As a consequence, skilled cyber-terrorists now use... Sample PDF
Bouncing Techniques
Chapter 46
Cyber Forensics  (pages 397-402)
Stéphane Coulondre
Nowadays, terrorists master technology. They often use electronic devices that allow them to act without being physically exposed. As a consequence... Sample PDF
Cyber Forensics
Chapter 47
Joon S. Park, Joseph Giordano
The need for software component survivability is pressing for mission-critical systems in information warfare. In this chapter, we describe how... Sample PDF
Software Component Survivability in Information Warfare
Chapter 48
Ioannis P. Chochliouros, Anastasia S. Spiliopoulou, Stergios P. Chochliouros
Europe has entered a new phase of growth in its history, and characterized by the fast deployment of modern electronic communications networks and... Sample PDF
Measures for Ensuring Data Protection and Citizen Privacy Against the Threat of Crime and Terrorism: The European Response
Chapter 49
Stefan Kiltz, Andreas Lang, Jana Dittmann
The adaptation and extension is necessary to apply the CERT-taxonomy to malware in order to categorise the threat (e.g., Trojan horses, Viruses... Sample PDF
Taxonomy for Computer Security Incidents
Chapter 50
EU Tackles Cybercrime  (pages 431-438)
Sylvia Mercado Kierkegaard
The growing importance of information and communication infrastructure opens up new opportunities for criminal activities. The European Union has... Sample PDF
EU Tackles Cybercrime
Chapter 51
Richard J. Kilroy Jr.
The United States military has taken a number of steps to confront the threat of cyber warfare. These include organizational, operational, and... Sample PDF
The U.S. Military Response to Cyber W
Chapter 52
Norman Schneidewind
There is little evidence that the world is more secure from a major cyber attack than in 2000 because attacks on the Internet go on unabated . In... Sample PDF
USA's View on World Cyber Security Issues
Chapter 53
ECHELON and the NSA  (pages 453-468)
D. C. Webb
Communication via electronic systems such as telephones, faxes, e-mail, computers, etc., has enormously increased the volume and ease with which... Sample PDF
Chapter 54
Sylvia Mercado Kierkegaard
The Internet’s global character and the increasing pressure from industries have prompted legislators to sort-out cross border cybercrime issues... Sample PDF
International Cybercrime Convention
About the Editors



So many things come in sets of five. The five senses consisting of sight, hearing, touch, smell, and taste; the five elements consisting of water, earth, air, fire and ether; and even the Lorenz cipher machine that uses two sets of five wheels that generate the element obscuring characters—these are but a few examples of independent items that merge together to create a genre of function. Let us now take a look at a number of factors, which on their face value may seem to be totally independent but together create something worth contemplating.

Factor 1

In mid-1960s a group of scientists called the “Rome Club” published a report, which at that time was read and commented on widely around the world. This report was the result of analysis of computer-based models aimed at forecasting the developments of our civilization. The overall conclusions were dim. In the 21st century, human civilization would start facing major difficulties resulting from the depletion of natural resources. The conclusions of the report were discussed and rejected by many at that time. However, without any doubt the Rome Report was the first document trying to address the impact of our civilization on the natural environment.

Factor 2

At the end of the 20th century, the whole world was fascinated with the Y2K computer bug. Due to the limited space used for storing a date in computer records of legacy systems, it was discovered that switching from the year 1999 to 2000 may result in software failures. These failures then may trigger chain reactions due to the fact that computers drive public utility systems (i.e., power supply, water, telecommunications, etc.). As a matter of fact, some people went so far as to hoard food and other supplies to avoid any possible society-wide disturbances that may result. The information technology sector responded with mass action aimed at tracing all possible systems that could generate problems during the switch to a new millennium. As a result, no significant accidents occurred at that time around the world. Interestingly, some mass media outlets clearly were disappointed that nothing had happen.

Factor 3

Telecommunication networks come in many forms; whether they are for the use of businesses, governments, social organizations, and/or individuals, they have great value for improving people’s lives. A network is essentially the connecting of two or more entities with the ability to communicate. Utilizing a multitude of telecommunication technologies, such as the Public Switched Telephone Network (PSTN), Public Switched Data Network (PSDN), Cable Television (CATV) network, and orbiting satellite networks (i.e., commercial and military), people from around the globe can communicate and share information virtually in an instant. The real-time services that this infrastructure provides include regular telephone calls, videoconferencing, voice over Internet protocol (VOIP), and a host of other analog, digital, and multimedia communications. Connecting these networked systems and facilitating their communications are high-speed switches, routers, gateways, and data communication servers. Combined, these technologies and infrastructures comprise the global information infrastructure, which is primarily used for the sharing of information and data. This infrastructure serves communications between communities, businesses, industrial and distribution interests, medical and emergency services, military operations and support functions, as well as air and sea traffic control systems. The global information infrastructure sustains our westernized economic and military superiority as well as facilitating our shared knowledge and culture.

It provides national, international and global connectivity through a vast array of systems. The services overlay that facilitate voice and data transfers support the globalization of western values, business, and cultural transfers by creating a smaller, highly responsive communication space to operate and interact with any interested participants. All of this is facilitated by the massive network of servers known as the Internet, and managed by thousands of organizations and millions of individuals. The global information infrastructure is utilized to improve organizations’ and individuals’ respective efficiencies, coordination and communication efforts, and share and consolidate critical data for maintaining ongoing efforts. This is why such an infrastructure is so important to our western way of life, and also why it is a viable target for those seeking to assert their influence and agendas on the rest of humanity.

Factor 4

Every year the Computer Security Institute, an organization based in San Francisco, California, produces, in cooperation with the FBI, a report called the CSI/FBI Computer Crime and Security Survey. It is a summary and analysis of answers received from more than 600 individuals from all over the United Stated representing all types of business organizations in terms of size and operation. This survey is known around the world as the most representative source of assessment of the security status of businesses. Some of the key findings from the 2006 survey were:

  • Virus attacks continue to be the source of the greatest financial losses.
  • Unauthorized access continues to be the second-greatest source of financial loss.
  • Financial losses related to laptops (or mobile hardware) and theft of proprietary information (i.e., intellectual property) are third and fourth. These four categories account for more than 74% of financial losses.
  • Unauthorized use of computer systems slightly decreased this year, according to respondents.
  • The total dollar amount of financial losses resulting from security breaches had a substantial decrease this year, according to respondents. Although a large part of this drop was due to a decrease in the number of respondents able and willing to provide estimates of losses, the average amount of financial losses per respondent also decreased substantially this year.

    The overall tone of the survey is optimistic. We, as a society, have put a curb on the rising wave of computer-based crime. The survey’s findings confirm that.

    Factor 5

    The mass media reports everyday on terrorist attacks around the world. These attacks may be launched at any time in any place and country. The method of attack in the overwhelming majority of cases is the same: an individual or a group triggers an explosion at a target. It could be done remotely or in suicidal mode. The common dominator of these tragic events is that the attackers are representing only a small part of society and most of the victims are innocent people who just happen to be in the proximity of the explosion.

    The important conclusions that may be drawn from these five factors:

  • Lack of symptoms of certain phenomena does not imply that the phenomena do not exist. But if such a phenomenon may eventuate and would be damaging to us, we need to take preventive measures.
  • All the technology that we have created could be used for the benefit of all of us, but also could be used as a tool of attack/destruction against all of us.
  • Information technology, and networking in particular, is a marvel of 20th/21st-century civilization. It dramatically changes all aspects of human behavior. Information technology is beneficial for humanity but may also be (and is) used by individuals to pursue their own objectives against the interest of the majority of people.
  • These jagged individuals have started creating significant damages to information technology applications and their respective infrastructures. To counter this new discipline, information/computer security emerged. At present, the efforts of security specialists have started to pay off, and the overall percentage of computerbased crime has leveled off.
  • Currently, terrorism has become the most widespread form of violence for expressing public discontent. Thus far, terrorism has stayed within its traditional form of violence, but it has already begun to migrate into using computer technology and networks to launch such attacks. As in the case of Y2K, we need to build awareness among information technology professionals and people alike that terrorism based on the use of computers and networks is a real threat.

    All of the above has laid the foundation to the discipline called cyber terrorism. So what are the objectives of cyber terrorism, or rather, why do we need to worry about it?

    Because of the enormous efficiencies gained over the past 25 years due to the introduction of computers and telecommunications technologies, organizations have a vested interest to maintain and sustain their deployment regardless of any residual issues. The use of these systems and networks means that there now is a major concentration and centralization of information resources. Such a consolidation creates a major vulnerability to a host of attacks and exploitations. Over the past 35 years, electronic economic espionage has resulted in the theft of military and technological developments that have changed the balance of power and continue to threaten the safety and stability of the world. In 2005 alone, more than 93 million people in the United States were subjected to the potential of identity theft as a result of information breaches and poor information security. When viewed globally, organizations of all kinds are obviously doing something terribly wrong with the security of proprietary and personal information. This is why it is so important to re-energize the need to protect these systems and reexamine our underlying organizational processes that may contribute to future breaches. The emergence of cyber terrorism means that a new group of potential attackers on computers and telecommunications technologies may be added to “traditional” cyber criminals.

    The use of technology has impacted society as well. Due to automation technologies, organizational processes are becoming similar around the world. Governments are sharing information and aligning legal frameworks to take advantage of these synergies. Businesses are operating in distributed structures internationally to expand global reach, as well as outsourcing services requiring the use of information to less expensive centers around the world. This has created an extended communication structure between functional units, vendors, and suppliers in order to maintain an efficient value chain of products and services. This facilitated the capabilities of attacking targets wherever they may be located.

    Individuals now have access to a vast storage of information resources for the creation of new thought, ideas, and innovations. This includes technological as well as political ideas and innovations. Cultures are becoming closer through shared communications, and as a result are changing at faster rates than previously seen in recorded history. While these technologies have inherent benefits to unify disparate groups and nationalities, this is also creating ultra-minorities that may be inclined to engage in extremism in order to control these changes and compete in this unifying environment. The facilitation of the underlying technologies is also being utilized by these groups to form solidarity and global reach for those of similar mindset and means. Thus, the underlying infrastructures are allowing small groups of people to gain their own form of scales of economies. People and organizations are realizing that in order to be able to compete in a globally connected world, they must master the underlying infrastructure that supports this connectivity. Whether this is to gain access to the opportunities that lie ahead from its mastery or it is to undermine and/or destroy these opportunities for others is still an emerging issue we are all facing today and into the future. Therefore, the exploitation of its inherent strengths (i.e., communication and coordination of global activities, and intelligence gathering) and vulnerabilities (i.e., protocol weaknesses and people processes) can be considered one of the primary sources of attacks today and in the future. This is why we cannot ignore the societal and organizational influences that create the motivations to commit cyber warfare and cyber terrorism in addition to the technological requirements to securing our systems and eliminating any inherent vulnerability.

    This book a compilation of selected articles written by people who have answered the call to secure our organizational, national, and international information infrastructures. These authors have decided to come together for this project in order to put forth their thoughts and ideas so that others may benefit from their knowledge and experience. They are dedicated people from around the world who conduct research on information security, and develop and/or deploy a host of information security technologies in their respective fields and industries, and have brought forward a host of key issues that require greater attention and focus by all of us. It is our sincerest hope that the readings provided in our book will create new lines of thought and inspire people around the world to assist in improving the systems and processes we are all now dependent on for our sustained futures.

    Following this prologue, there is a chapter Introduction to Cyber Warfare and Cyber Terrorism formulating an overview with basic definitions of cyber terrorism and information warfare. Basic recommendations on how to handle such attacks are also presented. The main part of the book follows, containing more detailed discussions of the topics mentioned in the first chapter and other relevant issues. The articles are grouped roughly following the content of the most known security standard ISO 17799, which is entitled “Code of practice for information security management.” In each chapter, the reader will find two types of articles: summaries of a given method/technology or a report on a research in the related field. An epilogue is then presented to conclude the content.

    The purpose of this book is to give a solid introduction to cyber warfare and cyber terrorism, as we understand it at the beginning of the 21st century. Our book is not a guide to handling issues related to these topics but rather a review of the related problems, issues, and presentations of the newest research in this field. Our main audience is information technology specialists and information security specialists wanting to get a first-hand brief on developments related to the handling of cyber warfare and cyber terrorism attacks.

    AC & LJ

    Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

    Lech Janczewski has over thirty five years experience in information technology. He is an Associate Professor at the University of Auckland, Department of Information Science and Operations Management. His area of research includes management of IS resources with the special emphasis on data security. Dr. Janczewski has written more than 100 publications that have been presented in scientific journals, conference proceedings and books. He is the chairperson of the New Zealand Information Security Forum, a Fellow of the New Zealand Computer Society, and the secretary of the IFIP’s Technical Committee on Security and Protection in Information Processing Systems (TC-11).
    Andrew Colarik has accumulated over twenty five years experience of knowledge utilizing computer information systems. This includes systems analysis and design, network administration, university level teaching, and the justification, specification, and implementation of factory and office automation. He is the holder of a Ph. D. in Information Systems from the University of Auckland, and a Masters of Business Administration from Kent State University. As a researcher, author, and inventor, Dr. Colarik has been published in top-tier security conferences, authored several information security books, and is an inventor of both utility and design patents.