Handbook of Research on Solar Energy Systems and Technologies

Handbook of Research on Solar Energy Systems and Technologies

Sohail Anwar (The Pennsylvania State University, Altoona College, USA), Harry Efstathiadis (University at Albany- SUNY, USA) and Salahuddin Qazi (SUNY Institute of Technology, USA)
Release Date: August, 2012|Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 614
ISBN13: 9781466619968|ISBN10: 1466619961|EISBN13: 9781466619975|DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1996-8


The last ten years have seen rapid advances in nanoscience and nanotechnology, allowing unprecedented manipulation of nanoscale structures controlling solar capture, conversion, and storage.

Filled with cutting-edge solar energy research and reference materials, the Handbook of Research on Solar Energy Systems and Technologies serves as a one-stop resource for the latest information regarding different topical areas within solar energy. This handbook will emphasize the application of nanotechnology innovations to solar energy technologies, explore current and future developments in third generation solar cells, and provide a detailed economic analysis of solar energy applications.

Topics Covered

The many academic areas covered in this publication include, but are not limited to:

  • Economics
  • Hybrid Thermo – Photovoltaic Energy Conversion
  • Nanostructures for Solar Energy Conversion
  • Photovoltaic Devices
  • Photovoltaic Modules and Systems
  • Reliability and Testing Standards
  • Solar Cells
  • Solar Energy Conversion Materials
  • Solar Energy Storage
  • Solar Thermal Systems

Reviews and Testimonials

The 20 papers in this volume present recent research on converting sunlight into electricity and survey the state of the art in thin film silicon solar cells. The contributors review material characterization techniques for solar cell devices, mechatronics technology for tracking solar panels, computer simulations of solar energy systems, image processing for solar cell analysis, and artificial intelligence techniques for solar energy and photovoltaic applications. Methods of forecasting solar radiation are compared and a solar-powered electrical generation plant is proposed for the hot Saudi Arabian desert. B&w images are provided.

– Book News Inc. Portland, OR

This book is devoted to very hot and important topics for humankind: practical use of solar energy – the most plentiful resource of clean, natural energy for planet Earth. [...] The book is a collection of versatile views on modern solar energy and is very useful for teachers on any level – university, high school, and of course for researchers who need to look at problems from the other side. Highly Recommended. The information available here is collected and analyzed from different points of view.

– Dr. Igor I. Tyukhov, Associate Professor, Moscow State University of Mechanical Engineering, Russia, and Deputy Chair Holder of the UNESCO Chair

Table of Contents and List of Contributors

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Sohail Anwar
Chapter 1
Liping Guo
Solar energy conversion is one of the most addressed topics in the field of renewable energy. Solar radiation is usually converted into two forms of... Sample PDF
Control and Conversion of Solar Power
Chapter 2
Ahmed Elgafy
With the urgent need to harvest and store solar energy, especially with the dramatic unexpected changes in oil prices, the design of new generation... Sample PDF
Solar Energy Storage: An Approach for Terrestrial and Space Applications
Chapter 3
Murad Shibli
Renewable energy has known a great interest during the last two decades. Solar energy is viewed as the cleanest renewable source of energy for the... Sample PDF
Solar Photovoltaic Servo Tracking Controlled System
Chapter 4
Radian Belu
The use of renewable energy sources is increasingly being pursued as a supplemental and an alternative to traditional energy generation. Several... Sample PDF
Power Electronics and Controls in Solar Photovoltaic Systems
Chapter 5
Photovoltaic Devices  (pages 126-162)
Ashraf Uddin
Photovoltaics (PV) have been the world’s most rapidly growing energy source, with markets increasing at a compounded rate over the years. The... Sample PDF
Photovoltaic Devices
Chapter 6
Salahuddin Qazi, Farhan A. Qazi
Solar radiation is plentiful and a clean source of power. However, despite the first practical use of silicon based solar cell more than 50 years... Sample PDF
Nanotechnology for Photovoltaic Energy: Challenges and Potentials
Chapter 7
Harry Efstathiadis, Adam Filios
This chapter mainly focuses on two promising technologies, Copper Indium Gallium Selenide (CIGS) and nanocrystalline silicon solar cells.... Sample PDF
CuInGaSe Based Thin Films for Photovoltaic Solar Cells
Chapter 8
Nirag Kadakia
Recently, surface plasmons have been employed in a variety of methods to increase the efficiency of solar cells. Surface plasmons are oscillations... Sample PDF
Nanoparticle Scattering, Absorption, and Interface Effects for Surface Plasmon Enhanced Thin Silicon Solar Cells: Theory, Past Findings, and Future Directions
Chapter 9
Gavin Buxton
In response to environmental concerns there is a drive towards developing renewable, and cleaner, energy technologies. Solar cells, which harvest... Sample PDF
Nanotechnology and Polymer Solar Cells
Chapter 10
Michael G. Mauk
The prospects for cost-effective flat plate (non-concentrator) solar cells based on III-V compound semiconductors (e.g., GaAs, InP, AlAs, and their... Sample PDF
Low-Cost III-V Compound Semiconductor Solar Cells: Progress and Prospects
Chapter 11
Michael S. Hatzistergos
Characterization of an issue provides the required information to determine the root cause of a problem and direct the researcher towards the... Sample PDF
Materials Characterization Techniques for Solar Cell Devices: Imaging, Compositional and Structural Analysis
Chapter 12
H. Henry Zhang, Danny Rodriguez, Qiong Li
A mechatronic real-time solar tracker is developed with National Instruments Compact Rio programming module, photoresistors sensor, stepper motors... Sample PDF
Mechatronics Technology for Solar Cells
Chapter 13
Akram Gasmelseed
In recent years, computer simulation has become a standard tool for analyzing solar energy systems. The interaction of light with nanoscale matter... Sample PDF
Computer Simulations of Solar Energy Systems
Chapter 14
Michael G. Mauk
Image capturing, processing, and analysis have numerous uses in solar cell research, device and process development and characterization, process... Sample PDF
Image Processing for Solar Cell Analysis, Diagnostics and Quality Assurance Inspection
Chapter 15
Radian Belu
Artificial intelligence (AI) techniques play an important role in modeling, analysis, and prediction of the performance and control of renewable... Sample PDF
Artificial Intelligence Techniques for Solar Energy and Photovoltaic Applications
Chapter 16
Rubita Sudirman, Muhammad Noorul Anam Mohd Norddin
Extreme demands on the methods used for forecasting solar radiation has been the driving force behind the efforts to find the best method available.... Sample PDF
Methods of Forecasting Solar Radiation
Chapter 17
Tribeni Das, Ganesh C Bora
This chapter includes brief description of different solar thermal applications of greenhouse structure based on the different research work done in... Sample PDF
Greenhouse Solar Thermal Application
Chapter 18
Tugrul Daim, Paul R. Newman, Hithem Sughi, Eyad Bakhsh
Saudi Arabia is moving towards economical and technological development and to be an active player in the dynamics of the international community.... Sample PDF
Technology Selection for Solar Power Generation in the Middle East: Case of Saudi Arabia
Chapter 19
Sohail Anwar, Shamsa S. Anwar
In the past, solar energy education was limited to scientists and engineers who could develop new technologies and conduct research. Later on, a... Sample PDF
Solar Energy Education and Training Programs in the USA: An Academic Perspective
Chapter 20
Sohail Anwar, Patrick Favier, Desire D. Rasolomampionona
This chapter describes a project-based international collaboration in renewable energy systems design and implementation. The collaboration involves... Sample PDF
Project-Based International Collaboration in Solar Energy Education: A Case Study from France
About the Contributors

Author(s)/Editor(s) Biography

Dr. Sohail Anwar is an Associate Professor of Engineering at the Altoona College of The Pennsylvania State University. In addition, he is a Professional Associate of the Management Development Programs and Services at The Pennsylvania State University, University Park. Dr. Anwar has served as the Editor-in-Chief of the Journal of Engineering Technology. He is currently serving as the Editor-in-Chief of the International Journal of Modern Engineering, and an Associate Editor of the Journal of The Pennsylvania Academy of Science. In addition, he is serving as the Series Editor of the Nanotechnology and Energy Series, Taylor and Francis Group/CRC Press.
Harry Efstathiadis Ph.D. is an Associate Professor at the College of Nanoscale Science & Engineering (CNSE) at the University at Albany – State University of New York (SUNY). Over the past 15+ years Dr. Efstathiadis’ research has focused on science and technology of photovoltaics, thermoelectrics, thin film development, nanostructures, and devices. He is experienced in characterization of thin film surfaces, interfaces, and optical, electrical, and chemical properties of materials by optical-, electron-, ion-, and x-ray spectroscopies and electrical measurements. The last 10+ years, he has worked and interacted with several industrial partners. His work objectives were to enable technology and commercialization acceleration through research, development, integration, deployment of emerging nanoscale innovations in renewable energy related applications. Dr Efstathiadis worked with the industrial partners funded this work to scale up the developed research activities and to transfer part of these R&D activities to from university laboratories into the market place through the development of commercial products by the industrial partners. Dr. Efstathiadis research is focused in thin film process development of nc-Si, a-Si:H, poly-Si, and Cu(In, Ga)Se2 using vacuum and non-vacuum deposition methods, vacuum deposition system design, chemical bath deposition of ZnS and CdS, and deposition of metal contacts, multilayer structures, antireflective and barrier layers such as oxides and nitrides on glass and flexible metal substrates. His expertise includes CIGS- and Si-based PV device fabrication and testing.
Salahuddin Qazi received his PhD in electrical engineering from the University of Technology, Loughborough, England, and his BS in electronic engineering from the University College of Wales, Bangor, United Kingdom. He is currently a full professor in the School of Information Systems and Engineering Technology at the State University of New York Institute of Technology, Utica, New York. Dr. Qazi has been a chair and coordinator of several programs including electrical engineering technology, photonics, and graduate programs in advanced technology, which he helped to develop. He has worked, conducted research, and taught in the United Kingdom and theMiddle East before coming to the United States. Dr. Qazi won several research awards and grants to conduct research and has published several articles and book chapters in the area of fiber-doped amplifiers, wireless security, optical wireless communications, and microelectromechanial system (MEMS)-based wireless and optical communications.