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Clinical Technologies

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Medical Advancements in Aging and Regenerative Technologies: Clinical Tools and Applications
Reference Book
Andriani Daskalaki (Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany)
Copyright © 2013.
Studies of developmental biology are now benefiting the advancements made in the field of regenerative medicine. Current research on aging will attempt to reverse...
Biomedical Diagnostics and Clinical Technologies: Applying High-Performance Cluster and Grid Computing
Reference Book
Manuela Pereira (University of Beira Interior, Portugal), Mario Freire (University of Beira Interior, Portugal)
Copyright © 2011.
The massive volume of data that some medical and biological applications generate require special processing resources that guarantee privacy and security...
Evidence-Based Practice in Nursing Informatics: Concepts and Applications
Reference Book
Andrew Cashin (Southern Cross University, Australia), Robyn Cook (Sidra Medical & Research Center, Qatar)
Copyright © 2011.
Because of the constant advances and dynamics within the nascent field of nursing informatics, many nurses struggle in practice as they continue to try and apply...
Clinical Technologies: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications
Reference Book
Information Resources Management Association (USA)
Copyright © 2011.
Modern technological advances in medicine are not restricted to treatments, but rather have revolutionized the entire application of healthcare from finding a...
New Technologies for Advancing Healthcare and Clinical Practices
Reference Book
Joseph Tan (McMaster University, Canada)
Copyright © 2011.
As technology becomes further engrained in the modern healthcare experience, an understanding of the impact created by the implementation of each new technology as...
Informatics in Oral Medicine: Advanced Techniques in Clinical and Diagnostic Technologies
Reference Book
Andriani Daskalaki (Max Planck Institute for Molecular Genetics, Germany)
Copyright © 2010.
Advancing medical technologies are now developing cutting-edge computer applications useful to the field of oral studies. Informatics in Oral Medicine: Advanced...
Cases on Health Outcomes and Clinical Data Mining: Studies and Frameworks
Reference Book
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
With the healthcare industry becoming increasingly more competitive, there exists a need for medical institutions to improve both the efficiency and the quality of...
Clinical Data Mining for Physician Decision Making and Investigating Health Outcomes: Methods for Prediction and Analysis
Reference Book
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
The investigation of healthcare databases can be used to examine physician decisions and develop evidence-based treatment guidelines that optimize patient...
Preprocessing the Data
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
In this book, we provide tools that are needed to investigate administrative and clinical databases that are routinely collected in the support of patient...
Errors and Missing Values in the Dataset
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Many of the datasets provided by the federal government have been well cleaned. However, like many other datasets collected for health outcomes research, these...
Introduction to the Use of MEPS (Medical Expenditure Panel Survey)
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
We will begin with data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey and use it throughout the text. This dataset has been provided since 1996 and contains yearly...
Preprocessing Medpar Data
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Medicare data provide information that hospitals submit for billing purposes, Medpar, or Medicare Provider Analysis and Review. It is publicly available (for a...
Extracting Data from the National Inpatient Sample
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
In the other type of health care database that we discuss in this chapter, there are multiple columns for each patient observation. It is more difficult to find...
Creating a One-to-One Relationship in the Data from a Many-to-Many
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
One of the biggest problems in dealing with healthcare data is that there can be multiple patient events for the same individual. Without finding some way to...
Merging Different Datasets to Allow for a Complete Analysis (Inpatient, Outpatient, Physician Visits, Medications)
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
If we want to gain a complete picture of patient treatment, we need to examine all patient encounters with the medical profession. Then, we need to divide them...
Introduction to Analysis Using Time Components
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
The introduction of a time component requires the use of statistical methods that can utilize dependent data. The assumption of independence that is required for...
More Survival Data Mining of Multiple Time of Endpoints
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Survival analysis is almost always reserved for an endpoint of mortality or recurrence. (Mantel, 1966) However, it can be used for many different types of...
Using the Data to Define Patient Compliance
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Patient compliance with treatment is essential. However, it is difficult to examine the issue of compliance from claims and administrative databases that include...
Compression of Diagnosis and Procedure Codes
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Each of the datasets has many different diagnosis and procedure codes to represent a patient’s condition. There are thousands of potential codes, and millions of...
Comparisons of Patient Severity Indices
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
In this section, we will briefly discuss two methods of ranking patient severity. The first method we consider is the AHRQ comorbidities, which is a collection of...
Decision Trees and Their Development: Use of Data to Determine the Quality of Care
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Decision trees are developed to support physicians who must make treatment decisions. Risk estimates are used to find the optimal treatment pathway for a group of...
Example of Diabetes Using CMS Data
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
We want to examine the treatment of patients with diabetes, and the reasons these patients are in the hospital. In order to do this, we must consider a cohort of...
Example of Breathing Illnesses, Asthma and COPD Using MEPS Data
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Asthma and COPD (chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) require maintenance and emergency medication. We want to examine the use of the required medications, as...
Example of Wound Care Using Medpar Data
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Medpar Data is used for billing Medicare; it typically is “packed” into different sheets of data. The first step required to use the data is to “unpack” it into...
Discussion
Book Chapter
Patricia Cerrito (University of Louisville, USA), John Cerrito (Kroger Pharmacy, USA)
Copyright © 2010.
Now that the data are more readily available for outcomes research and the techniques to analyze that data are available, we need to use the tools to investigate...

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