Adaptive Resource Management in Grid Environment

Adaptive Resource Management in Grid Environment

Man Wang (Tsinghua University, China), Zhihui Du (Tsinghua University, China) and Zhili Cheng (Tsinghua University, China)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-184-1.ch011
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Abstract

Resource Management System (RMS), which manages the Grid resources and matches the applications’ requests to the proper resources, is one of the most important and complex parts in Grid systems. In fact, because of the complexity of Gird environment, one resource management approach alone cannot satisfy different applications’ requirement. Therefore, a novel Adaptive Resource Management (ARM) mechanism is provided here. This mechanism is based on multidimensional Grid QoS, which dynamically organizes Grid resources into Task Resources for feasible distribution. Moreover, this management mechanism can select appropriate management approach according to different applications’ requirements, which is well adapted to dynamic Grid environment.
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Introduction

All the facilities, which can be shared and utilized in Grid environment, can be viewed as Grid resources, such as machines, services, and networks. The most predominant quality of Grid is the seamless resources sharing and cooperation in large distributed areas. Central to the Grid system is the Resource Management System (RMS), which manages the Grid resources and matches the applications’ requests to the proper resources.

At this point, the most common purposes of Resource Management System in such a complex environment can be separated into two categories: system-centric policy and user-centric policy. The former attempts to optimize system-wide measurement of performance, while the latter concentrates on delivering maximum utility to the users of the system based on their QoS requirements (Buyya, et al, 2005).

Generally, the functions of RMS include resource storage, resource organization/ discovering, resource matching/allocating, and resource monitoring/recovery. According to Ding (2002), most RMSs have a common service process as follows. When an application makes requests, the RMS adds them into the request queue and then schedules them to different RM (Resource Management) servers for mapping. After that, the RM servers discover the proper resources and establish the relationship between the requests and the resources. Finally, the discovered resources are available to the application.

The literature records a great deal of research on RMS since the onset of Grid research. In Grid computing architecture, the Grid resource management component (Foster and Kesselman, 2004; Krauter, 2002) is a fundamental middleware. Being widely adopted by the industry to build a Grid, the Globus Toolkit provides a set of components for Grid control, management, and execution. The Globus Resource Management and Allocation (GRAM) component is a classic resource management example and the Monitoring and Discovery Service (MDS) component facilitates the selection of Grid resources. Some other systems, such as DI-Gruber (Dumitrescu, 2005), utilize Globus components.

Although much contributing work has been done in this field, an efficient RMS in Grid environment is still a challenging and important problem due to the following reasons:

  • 1.

    Resources in Grid environment are geographically distributed, and in most cases they belong to different autonomously administered domains, which use resource management approaches and control models.

  • 2.

    Resources in Grid environment are heterogeneous. One level resource management can not control all of them well.

  • 3.

    Resources in Grid are dynamic. For example, the resources’ joining and leaving are dynamic, and the current resources performance is changing.

As a result, in the last few years, along with the development of application requests, the adaptive resource management has become popular. Duran-Limon (2004) points out two aspects—openness and ease of use, which are essential to achieving adaptive resource management in middleware. However, some contributing work (Dai, 2008; Kyong, 2006) have been done in this field.

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Background

Currently, there are different research interests and technologies in RMS as follows:

Key Terms in this Chapter

Resource Management: The way of providing grid resources to users by satisfying both requests of users and providers.

QoS in Grid Resource Management: A set of measurements and differentiations on the collective behavior of services in grid resource management.

GRAM: Globus Resource Management and Allocation, a component that allows remote user jobs to request another system’s resources and supports status monitoring of remote jobs.

Computing Unit: A group of grid resources having close physical relationship with each other and can be used as a basic unit for executing a task.

Grid Resource: All abilities which can be shared and used in Grid environment.

GARA: Globus Architecture for Reservation and Allocation, which enables programmers and users to specify and manage end-to-end QoS for Grid-based applications. It also provides a uniform mechanism for making QoS reservations for different types of Grid resources, such as processors, networks and storage devices.

Task Resource: A group of CUs which cover all the resources required by a certain application.

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