Approaches to Semantics in Knowledge Management

Approaches to Semantics in Knowledge Management

Cristiano Fugazza (University of Milan, Italy), Stefano David (Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy), Anna Montesanto (Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy) and Cesare Rocchi (Polytechnic University of Marche, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-058-5.ch019
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There are different approaches to modeling a computational system, each providing different semantics. We present a comparison among different approaches to semantics and we aim at identifying which peculiarities are needed to provide a system with uniquely interpretable semantics. We discuss different approaches, namely, Description Logics, Artificial Neural Networks, and relational database management systems. We identify classification (the process of building a taxonomy) as common trait. However, in this chapter we also argue that classification is not enough to provide a system with a Semantics, which emerges only when relations among classes are established and used among instances. Our contribution also analyses additional features of the formalisms that distinguish the approaches: closed versus. open world assumption, dynamic versus. static nature of knowledge, the management of knowledge, and the learning process.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
John M. Artz
First we begin with a brief description of the process of information modeling followed by a very brief discussion of earlier attempts to address... Sample PDF
Philosophical Foundations of Information Modeling
Chapter 2
Theodoros Evdoridis, Theodoros Tzouramanis
This chapter attempts to bring to light the field of one of the less popular branches of the open source software family, which is the open source... Sample PDF
A Generalized Comparison of Open Source and Commercial Database Management Systems
Chapter 3
Wenbing Zhao
The subject of highly available database systems has been studied for more than two decades, and there exist many alternative solutions (Agrawal, El... Sample PDF
Highly Available Database Management Systems
Chapter 4
Ioannis Karydis, Alexandros Nanopoulos, Yannis Manolopoulos
This chapter provides a broad survey of music data mining, including clustering, classification and pattern discovery in music. The data studied is... Sample PDF
Mining in Music Databases
Chapter 5
Marinette Bouet, Pierre Gançarski, Marie-Aude Aufaure, Omar Boussaïd
Analysing and mining image data to derive potentially useful information is a very challenging task. Image mining concerns the extraction of... Sample PDF
Pattern Mining and Clustering on Image Databases
Chapter 6
Stefano Rizzi
In the context of data warehouse design, a basic role is played by conceptual modeling, that provides a higher level of abstraction in describing... Sample PDF
Conceptual Modeling Solutions for the Data Warehouse
Chapter 7
Z.M. Ma
Fuzzy set theory has been extensively applied to extend various data models and resulted in numerous contributions, mainly with respect to the... Sample PDF
A Literature Overview of Fuzzy Database Modeling
Chapter 8
Tru H. Cao
For modeling real-world problems and constructing intelligent systems, integration of different methodologies and techniques has been the quest and... Sample PDF
Fuzzy and Probabilistic Object-Oriented Databases
Chapter 9
Slawomir Zadrozny, Guy de Tré, Rita de Caluwe, Janusz Kacprzyk
In reality, a lot of information is available only in an imperfect form. This might be due to imprecision, vagueness, uncertainty, incompleteness... Sample PDF
An Overview of Fuzzy Approaches to Flexible Database Querying
Chapter 10
Distributed Data Mining  (pages 157-164)
Grigorios Tsoumakas, Ioannis Vlahavas
The continuous developments in information and communication technology have recently led to the appearance of distributed computing environments... Sample PDF
Distributed Data Mining
Chapter 11
Alfredo Cuzzocrea
Histograms have been extensively studied and applied in the context of Selectivity Estimation (Kooi, 1980; Muralikrishna & DeWitt, 1998;... Sample PDF
Histogram-Based Compression of Databases and Data Cubes
Chapter 12
Sagarmay Deb
Images are generated everywhere from various sources. It could be satellite pictures, biomedical, scientific, entertainment, sports and many more... Sample PDF
Emergence Index in Image Databases
Chapter 13
Rick L. Wilson, Peter A. Rosen, Mohammad Saad Al-Ahmadi
Knowledge management (KM) systems are quite diverse, but all provide increased access to organizational knowledge, which helps the enterprise to be... Sample PDF
Secure Knowledge Discovery in Databases
Chapter 14
Ioannis N. Kouris, Christos Makris, Evangelos Theodoridis, Athanasios Tsakalidis
Information retrieval is the computational discipline that deals with the efficient representation, organization, and access to information objects... Sample PDF
Indexing Textual Information
Chapter 15
W. Brett McKenzie
“Big ideas” drive the disciplines. In biology, the insights of Darwin generated evolutionary theory. In chemistry, Mendeleev’s vision of the... Sample PDF
Database in Computing Systems
Chapter 16
Hendrik Decker, Davide Martinenghi
Integrity constraints (or simply “constraints”) are formal representations of invariant conditions for the semantic correctness of database records.... Sample PDF
Database Integrity Checking
Chapter 17
Matteo Golfarelli, Stefano Rizzi
Data warehouses are information repositories specialized in supporting decision making. Since the decisional process typically requires an analysis... Sample PDF
A Survey on Temporal Data Warehousing
Chapter 18
M. Mehdi Owrang O.
Current database technology involves processing a large volume of data in order to discover new knowledge. However, knowledge discovery on just the... Sample PDF
Discovering Quality Knowledge from Relational Databases
Chapter 19
Cristiano Fugazza, Stefano David, Anna Montesanto, Cesare Rocchi
There are different approaches to modeling a computational system, each providing different semantics. We present a comparison among different... Sample PDF
Approaches to Semantics in Knowledge Management
Chapter 20
Joerg Evermann
Schema matching is the identification of database elements with similar meaning as preparation for subsequent database integration. Over the past 20... Sample PDF
Theories of Meaning in Schema Matching: A Review
Chapter 21
Grigorios Tsoumakas, Ioannis Katakis
Multi-label classification methods are increasingly required by modern applications, such as protein function classification, music categorization... Sample PDF
Multi-Label Classification: An Overview
Chapter 22
Patricia Hults
This chapter provides an overview of electronic usage statistics, including methods of defining, collecting, and using the data. A survey of some of... Sample PDF
Electronic Usage Statistics
Chapter 23
Z. M. Ma
Information systems have become the nerve center of current computer-based engineering applications, which hereby put the requirements on... Sample PDF
Databases Modeling of Engineering Information
Chapter 24
Argiris Tzikopoulos, Nikos Manouselis, Riina Vuorikari
Learning objects are systematically organised and classified in online databases, which are termed learning object repositories (LORs). Currently, a... Sample PDF
An Overview of Learning Object Repositories
Chapter 25
Lior Rokach, Yuval Elovici
Intrusion detection is the process of monitoring and analyzing the events occurring in a computer system in order to detect signs of security... Sample PDF
An Overview of IDS Using Anomaly Detection
Chapter 26
Hatem F. Halaoui
Using geographical information systems (GIS) has been of great interest lately. A lot of GIS applications are being introduced to regular and... Sample PDF
Towards Google Earth: A History of Earth Geography
Chapter 27
Susanta Mitra, Aditya Bagchi, A.K. Bandyopadhyay
A social network defines the structure of a social community like an organization or institution, covering its members and their... Sample PDF
Design of a Data Model for Social Network Applications
Chapter 28
Elvira Locuratolo
This chapter is devoted to the integration of the ASSO features in B. ASSO is a database design methodology defined for achieving conceptual schema... Sample PDF
Database Design Based on B
Chapter 29
Lei Song, Xining Li, Jingbo Ni
One of the main challenges of mobile agent technology is how to locate hosts that provide services requested by mobile agents. Traditional service... Sample PDF
A Database Service Discovery Model for Mobile Agents
Chapter 30
Efrem Mallach
The case study describes a small consulting company’s experience in the design and implementation of a database and associated information retrieval... Sample PDF
A Database Project in a Small Company (or How the Real World Doesn't Always Follow the Book)
Chapter 31
Yu Jiao, Ali R. Hurson, Thomas E. Potok, Barbara G. Beckerman
In this chapter, we discuss issues related to ehealth and focus on two major challenges in distributed healthcare database management: database... Sample PDF
Integrating Mobile-Based Systems with Healthcare Databases
Chapter 32
Ji Zhang, Han Liu, Tok Wang Ling, Robert M. Bruckner, A Min Tjoa
In this article, we propose a framework, called XAR-Miner, for mining ARs from XML documents efficiently. In XAR-Miner, raw data in the XML document... Sample PDF
A Framework for Efficient Association Rule Mining in XML Data
Chapter 33
Sriram Mohan, Arijit Sengupta
The process of conceptual design is independent of the final platform and the medium of implementation, and is usually in a form that is... Sample PDF
Conceptual Modeling for XML: A Myth or a Reality
Chapter 34
Praveen Madiraju, Rajshekhar Sunderraman, Shamkant B. Navathe, Haibin Wang
Global semantic integrity constraints ensure integrity and consistency of data spanning multiple databases. In this paper, we take initial steps... Sample PDF
Semantic Integrity Constraint Checking for Multiple XML Databases
Chapter 35
Vicky Nassis, Tharam S. Dillon, Wenny Rahayu, R. Rajugan
eXtensible Markup Language (XML) has emerged as the dominant standard in describing and exchanging data amongst heterogeneous data sources. The... Sample PDF
Goal-Oriented Requirement Engineering for XML Document Warehouses
Chapter 36
I. Koffina, G. Serfiotis, V. Christophides, V. Tannen
Semantic Web (SW) technology aims to facilitate the integration of legacy data sources spread worldwide. Despite the plethora of SW languages (e.g.... Sample PDF
Mediating RDF/S Queries to Relational and XML Sources
Chapter 37
Maurizio Pighin, Lucio Ieronutti
The design and configuration of a data warehouse can be difficult tasks especially in the case of very large databases and in the presence of... Sample PDF
A Methodology Supporting the Design and Evaluating the Final Quality of Data Warehouses
Chapter 38
Rodolfo Villarroel, Eduardo Fernández-Medina, Juan Trujillo, Mario Piattini
This chapter presents an approach for designing secure Data Warehouses (DWs) that accomplish the conceptual modeling of secure DWs independently... Sample PDF
An MDA Compliant Approach for Designing Secure Data Warehouses
Chapter 39
Sandra Elizabeth González Císaro, Héctor Oscar Nigro
Much information stored in current databases is not always present at necessary different levels of detail or granularity for Decision-Making... Sample PDF
Architecture for Symbolic Object Warehouse
Chapter 40
Pedro Furtado
Running large data warehouses (DWs) efficiently over low cost platforms places special requirements on the design of system architecture. The idea... Sample PDF
Efficient and Robust Node-Partitioned Data Warehouses
Chapter 41
D. Xuan Le, J. Wenny Rahayu, David Taniar
This article proposes a data warehouse integration technique that combines data and documents from different underlying documents and database... Sample PDF
Web Data Warehousing Convergence: From Schematic to Systematic
Chapter 42
Colleen Cunningham, Il-Yeol Song, Peter P. Chen
CRM is a strategy that integrates concepts of knowledge management, data mining, and data warehousing in order to support an organization’s... Sample PDF
Data Warehouse Design to Support Customer Relationship Management Analyses
Chapter 43
J. Gerard Wolff
This chapter describes some of the kinds of “intelligence” that may be exhibited by an intelligent database system based on the SP theory of... Sample PDF
Aspects of Intelligence in an "SP" Database System
Chapter 44
Kun-Woo Yang, Soon-Young Huh
In knowledge management systems (KMS), managing explicit knowledge is comparatively easy using information technology such as databases. However... Sample PDF
Intelligent Search for Experts Using Fuzzy Abstraction Hierarchy in Knowledge Management Systems
Chapter 45
Inya Nlenanya
Technologies such as geographic information systems (GIS) enable geospatial information to be captured, updated, integrated, and mapped easily and... Sample PDF
Building an Environmental GIS Knowledge Infrastructure
Chapter 46
Kevin Crowston, Barbara Scozzi
Free/Libre open source software (FLOSS, e.g., Linux or Apache) is primarily developed by distributed teams. Developers contribute from around the... Sample PDF
Bug Fixing Practices within Free/Libre Open Source Software Development Teams
Chapter 47
Uwe Röhm
This chapter presents a new approach to online decision support systems that is scalable, fast, and capable of analysing up-to-date data. It is... Sample PDF
OLAP with a Database Cluster
Chapter 48
Jovanka Adzic, Fiore Valter, Luisella Sisto
ETL stands for extraction, transformation, and loading, in other words, for the data warehouse (DW) backstage. The main focus of our exposition here... Sample PDF
Extraction, Transformation, and Loading Processes
Chapter 49
Christoph Schlueter Langdon
Despite Internet success and the fact that software has become the factory in many businesses, questions remain concerning information technology... Sample PDF
Designing Information Systems Capabilities to Create Business Value: A Theoretical Conceptualization of the Role of Flexibility and Integration
Chapter 50
Emmanuel Udoh
In the contemporary software landscape, the open source movement can no longer be overlooked by any major players in the industry, as the movement... Sample PDF
Open Source Database Technologies
Chapter 51
Bruce L. Mann
This chapter will discuss and present examples of Internet database tools, typical instructional methods used with the tools, and implications for... Sample PDF
Action Research with Internet Database Tools
Chapter 52
Athman Bouguettaya, Zaki Malik, Abdelmounaam Rezgui, Lori Korff
The emergence of Web databases has introduced new challenges related to their organization, access, integration, and interoperability. New... Sample PDF
A Scalable Middleware for Web Databases
Chapter 53
László Kovács, Domonkos Tikk
Current databases are able to store several Tbytes of free-text documents. The main purpose of a database from the user’s viewpoint is the efficient... Sample PDF
Full-Text Search Engines for Databases
Chapter 54
S. A. Oke
This work demonstrates the application of decision tree, a data mining tool, in the manufacturing system. Data mining has the capability for... Sample PDF
Application of Decision Tree as a Data Mining Tool in a Manufacturing System
Chapter 55
Shigenobu Sugito, Sachiko Kubota
This study has three main aims: 1. to develop software for an indigenous kinship database and genealogy using a crossplatform Java engine; 2. to... Sample PDF
Alliance Project: Digital Kinship Database and Genealogy
Chapter 56
Franck Ravat, Olivier Teste, Gilles Zurfluh
This chapter deals with constraint-based multidimensional modelling. The model we define integrates a constellation of facts and dimensions. Along... Sample PDF
Constraint-Based Multi-Dimensional Databases
Chapter 57
Valéria M.B. Cavalcanti, Ulrich Schiel, Claudio de Souza Baptista
Visual query systems (VQS) for spatio-temporal databases, which enable formulation of queries involving both spatial and temporal dimensions, are an... Sample PDF
Toward a Visual Query System for Spatio-Temporal Databases
Chapter 58
Maria Chiara Caschera, Arianna D’Ulizia, Leonardo Tininini
An easy, efficient, and effective way to retrieve stored data is obviously one of the key issues of any information system. In the last few years... Sample PDF
Visual Query Languages, Representation Techniques, and Data Models
Chapter 59
Pedro Fernandes Ribeiro Neto, Maria Lígia Barbosa Perkusich, Hyggo Oliveira de Almeida, Angelo Perkusich
Real-time database-management systems provide efficient support for applications with data and transactions that have temporal constraints, such as... Sample PDF
Validation Approach for Real-Time Databases
Chapter 60
Janusz Kacprzyk, Slawomir Zadrozny
We consider linguistic database summaries in the sense of Yager (1982), in an implementable form proposed by Kacprzyk & Yager (2001) and Kacprzyk... Sample PDF
Protoforms of Linguistic Database Summaries as a Human Consistent Tool for Using Natural Language in Data Mining
Chapter 61
K. Anbumani, R. Nedunchezhian
Data mining techniques have been widely used for extracting non-trivial information from massive amounts of data. They help in strategic decision-... Sample PDF
Rapid Privacy Preserving Algorithm for Large Databases
Chapter 62
Chia-Hung Wei, Chang-Tsun Li, Roland Wilson
Content-based image retrieval (CBIR) makes use of image features, such as color and texture, to index images with minimal human intervention.... Sample PDF
A Content-Based Approach to Medical Image Database Retrieval
Chapter 63
David R. Selviah
This chapter describes the progress in using optical technology to construct high-speed artificial higher order neural network systems. The chapter... Sample PDF
High Speed Optical Higher Order Neural Networks for Discovering Data Trends and Patterns in Very Large Databases
Chapter 64
Say Ying Lim, David Taniar, Bala Srinivasan
As more and more servers appearing in the wireless environment provide accesses to mobile users, more and more demand and expectation is required by... Sample PDF
Mobile Information Processing Involving Multiple Non-Collaborative Sources
Chapter 65
Theresa Beaubouef, Frederick E. Petry
This chapter discusses ways in which rough-set theory can enhance databases by allowing for the management of uncertainty. Rough sets can be... Sample PDF
Rough Sets: A Versatile Theory for Approaches to Uncertainty Management in Databases
Chapter 66
H. Azzag, F. Picarougne, C. Guinot, G. Venturini
We present in this chapter a new 3D interactive method for visualizing multimedia data with virtual reality named VRMiner. We consider that an... Sample PDF
VRMiner: A Tool for Multimedia Database Mining with Virtual Reality
Chapter 67
Amel Mammar, Régine Laleau
UB2SQL is a tool for designing and developing database applications using UML and B formal method. The approach supported by UB2SQL consists of two... Sample PDF
UB2SQL: A Tool for Building Database Applications Using UML and B Formal Method
Chapter 68
Min Chen, Shu-Ching Chen
This chapter introduces an advanced content-based image retrieval (CBIR) system, MMIR, where Markov model mediator (MMM) and multiple instance... Sample PDF
MMIR: An Advanced Content-Based Image Retrieval System Using a Hierarchical Learning Framework
Chapter 69
Sandra de Amo, Waldecir P. Junior, Arnaud Giacometti
In this article, we consider a new kind of temporal pattern where both interval and punctual time representation are considered. These patterns... Sample PDF
MILPRIT: A Constraint-Based Algorithm for Mining Temporal Relational Patterns
Chapter 70
Database Benchmarks  (pages 1226-1233)
Jérôme Darmont
The aim of this article is to present an overview of the major families of state-of-the-art database benchmarks, namely, relational benchmarks... Sample PDF
Database Benchmarks
Chapter 71
Say Ying Lim, David Tainar, Bala Srinivasan
In this chapter, we present an extensive study of database operations on mobile devices which provides an understanding and direction for processing... Sample PDF
A Taxonomy of Database Operations on Mobile Devices
Chapter 72
Ziyad Tariq Abdul-Mehdi, Ali Bin Mamat, Hamidah Ibrahim, Mustafa M. Dirs
Recent advances in wireless communications and computer technology have provided users the opportunity to access information and services regardless... Sample PDF
Transaction Management in Mobile Databases
Chapter 73
Bioinformatics Web Portals  (pages 1267-1275)
Mario Cannataro, Pierangelo Veltri
In this article we review main requirements of distributed bioinformatics applications and related bioinformatics Web portals, and report the... Sample PDF
Bioinformatics Web Portals
Chapter 74
Christopher B. Mayer, K. Selçuk Candan
This article explains issues surrounding the replication of a single full-scale database-driven portal application. In addition to the issues of... Sample PDF
Large-Scale ASP Replication of Database-Driven Portals
Chapter 75
Tracy R. Stewart, Jason D. Baker
The increasing complexity and interdependence of campus technology systems poses a significant challenge to universities. Such efforts cannot be... Sample PDF
A Case Study of an Integrated University Portal
Chapter 76
Jon Margerum-Leys, Kristin M. Bass
The tools used in assessment allow instructors to communicate performance information to students. Each tool has particular things that it does well... Sample PDF
Electronic Tools for Online Assessments: An Illustrative Case Study from Teacher Education
Chapter 77
C. Paul Newhouse
For more than a decade, Australian educational systems have been trying to implement curriculum based on an outcomes approach to teaching and... Sample PDF
Assessment of Students by a Teacher with a Handheld Device and a Networkable Database
Chapter 78
Rosa Meo, Giuseppe Psaila
Inductive databases have been proposed as general purpose databases to support the KDD process. Unfortunately, the heterogeneity of the discovered... Sample PDF
An XML-Based Database for Knowledge Discovery: Definition and Implementation
Chapter 79
Nada Hashmi, Mark Gaynor, Marissa Pepe, Matt Welsh, William W. Tollefsen, Dan Myung
Emergency Medical Services (EMS) are not only responsible for providing prompt and efficient medical care to many different types emergencies, but... Sample PDF
A Prehospital Database System for Emergency Medical Services
Chapter 80
Abdul-Rahman Al-Ali, Tarik Ozkul, Taha Landolsi
This paper presents the results of a study toward generating a wireless environment to provide realtime mobile accessibility to patient information... Sample PDF
A Preliminary Study Toward Wireless Integration of Patient Information System
Chapter 81
Isabel de la Torre Díez, Roberto Hornero Sánchez, Miguel López Coronado, Jesús Poza Crespo, María Isabel López Gálvez
This chapter describes a Web -based application to store and exchange Electronic Health Records (EHR) and medical images in Ophthalmology... Sample PDF
A Web-Based Application to Exchange Electronic Health Records and Medical Images in Ophthalmology
Chapter 82
Taxiarchis Botsis, Konstantinos Syrigos
Information management is essential for health professionals in order to maintain a level of productivity for health care services management. This... Sample PDF
Implementation of a Computerized System in an Oncology Unit
Chapter 83
Fatemeh Hosseinkhah, Hassan Ashktorab, Ranjit Veen, M. Mehdi Owrang O.
Modern electronic health records are designed to capture and render vast quantities of clinical data during the health care process. Technological... Sample PDF
Challenges in Data Mining on Medical Databases
Chapter 84
George Boston, Randle J. Gedeon
This chapter provides a general overview of the development and implementation of existing techniques for the reference linking of scholarly... Sample PDF
Beyond OpenURL: Technologies for Linking Library Resources
Chapter 85
Athanasios Karamalis
The science of Archaeology has been in existence for a long time and the way an archaeological excavation is conducted hasn’t changed much. However... Sample PDF
Databases for Multiple Archaeological Excavations and Internet Applications
Chapter 86
Ozgul Unal, Ersin C. Kaletas, Hamideh Afsarmanesh, H. Hakan Yakali, Louis O. Hertzberger
With the increasing need for collaboration in different science domains, a lot of research activities are now focused on the mechanisms and... Sample PDF
Collaborative Information Management System for Science Domains
Chapter 87
Oghenevwogaga Benson Adogbeji, Esharenana E. Adomi
The convergence of information and communication technology as embodied in the Internet has transformed the present day society into a knowledge... Sample PDF
Computer Networking of Cybercafés in Delta State, Nigeria
Chapter 88
Martin Hughes, John Dallwitz
The creation of a digital archive database system for the Pitjantjatjara and Yankunytjatjara people in Central Australia has been a challenging... Sample PDF
Ara Irititja: Towards Culturally Appropriate IT Best Practice in Remote Indigenous Australia
Chapter 89
Marcia Langton, Odette Mazel, Lisa Palmer
The Agreements Treaties and Negotiated Settlements (ATNS) database ( is an online gateway and resource that links current... Sample PDF
Agreements Treaties and Negotiated Settlements Database
Chapter 90
Ravio Suni
This chapter compares several basic statistical indicators of broadcast (traditional) television viewing and Internet protocol television (IPTV) use... Sample PDF
From ‘Flow' to ‘Database': A Comparative Study of the Uses of Traditional and Internet Television in Estonia
Chapter 91
Tapasya Patki, A. B. Patki
Internet technology has impelled us to develop faith in the modern practices of business, commerce, and trade. Offshoring has been viewed as a... Sample PDF
Innovative Technological Paradigms for Corporate Offshoring
Chapter 92
Todd Loendorf
The tragic events of September 11, 2001, created an environment that was conducive to the expansion of surveillance operations. Furthermore, the... Sample PDF
Out of Control? The Real ID Act of 2005
Chapter 93
Knut Blind
This article presents the results of an explorative study for the lifetimes and survival rates of formal standards in telecommunication and... Sample PDF
Factors Influencing the Lifetime of Telecommunication and Information Technology Standards: Results of an Explorative Analysis of the PERINORM Database
Chapter 94
Wei Sun, David Taniar, Torab Torabi
Advances in image acquisition and storage technology have led to tremendous growth in very large and detailed image databases. These images, once... Sample PDF
Image Mining: A Case for Clustering Shoe prints
Chapter 95
Fengxian Fan
With the increase in applications for sensor networks, data manipulation and representation have become a crucial component of sensor networks. This... Sample PDF
A Data Visualization and Interpretation System for Sensor Netwroks
Chapter 96
Iris Reinhartz-Berger, Arnon Sturm
UML has been largely adopted as a standard modeling language. The emergence of UML from different modeling languages that refer to various system... Sample PDF
Enhancing UML Models: A Domain Analysis Approach
Chapter 97
Kee-Young Kwahk, Hee-Woong Kim, Hock Chuan Chan
This study proposes a new methodology that facilitates organizational decision support through knowledge integration across organizational units.... Sample PDF
A Knowledge Integration Approach for Organizational Decision Support
Chapter 98
M. Millie Kwan, Pak-Keung Cheung
Knowledge transfer in an organization is the process through which one unit (e.g., group, department, or division) is affected by the experience of... Sample PDF
The Knowledge Transfer Process: From Field Studies to Technology Development
Chapter 99
William R. King
This article provides a conceptual framework and an architecture for an effective knowledge organization (EKO) that emphasizes the important role of... Sample PDF
The Critical Role of Information Processing in Creating an Effective Knowledge Organization
Chapter 100
Rajesh Natarajan, B. Shekar
Knowledge management (KM) transforms a firm’s knowledge-based resources into a source of competitive advantage. Knowledge creation, a KM process... Sample PDF
Interesting Knowledge Patterns in Databases
Chapter 101
Harith Indraratne, Gábor Hosszú
Controlling the access to data based on user credentials is a fundamental part of database management systems. In most cases, the level at which... Sample PDF
Fine-Grained Data Security in Virtual Organizations
Chapter 102
Joachim Kimmerle, Ulrike Cress
Addressing knowledge communication with shared databases, this chapter focuses on an asynchronous, many-to-many type of computer-mediated... Sample PDF
Knowledge Communication with Shared Databases
Chapter 103
Gerald A. Merwin Jr., J. Scott McDonald, Levy C. Odera
This chapter explores the interface between information technology (IT) and economic development. The impacts of three IT innovations are assessed... Sample PDF
Economic Development: Government's Cutting Edge in IT
Chapter 104
Akhilesh Bajaj, Sudha Ram
Recently, there has been increased interest in sharing digitized information between government agencies, with the goals of improving security... Sample PDF
A Comprehensive Framework Towards Information Sharing Between Government Agencies
Chapter 105
Nedal Al-Hanbali, Balqies Sadoun
Decision making in planning should consider state-of-the-art techniques in order to minimize the risk and time involved. Proper planning in... Sample PDF
A GIS-Based Interactive Database System for Planning Purposes
Chapter 106
David Kang
Although it has been widely recognized that postdeployment changes of information technology (IT) are unavoidable, little attention has been paid to... Sample PDF
Categorizing Post-Deployment IT Changes: An Empirical Investigation
Chapter 107
Jounghae Bang, Nikhilesh Dholakia, Lutz Hamel, Seung-Kyoon Shin
Customer relationships are increasingly central to business success (Kotler, 1997; Reichheld & Sasser, 1990). Acquiring new customers is five to... Sample PDF
Customer Relationship Management and Knowledge Discovery in Database
Chapter 108
Daniel Maier, Thomas Muegeli, Andrea Krejza
Customer investigations in the banking industry are carried out in connection with prosecutions, the administration of estates or other legal... Sample PDF
Customer Investigation Process at Credit Suisse: Meeting the Rising Demands of Regulators
Chapter 109
Peter Danielson
Our regulatory institutions, broadly taken, include our moral norms and models and have not fully adapted to significant changes in data mining... Sample PDF
Metaphors and Models for Data Mining Ethics
Chapter 110
George T. Duncan, Stephen F. Roehrig
Government agencies collect and disseminate data that bear on the most important issues of public interest. Advances in information technology... Sample PDF
Reconciling Information Privacy and Information Access in a Globalized Technology Society
Chapter 111
Nikolaos Folinas, Panos Vassiliadis, Evaggelia Pitoura, Evangelos Papapetrou, Apostolos Zarras
In this article, we deal with context-aware query processing in ad-hoc peer-to-peer networks. Each peer in such an environment has a database over... Sample PDF
Context-Aware Query Processing in Ad-Hoc Environments of Peers
Chapter 112
Robert A. Bartsch
Online library databases are the primary method for finding relevant literature in many fields. These databases either primarily have abstracts or... Sample PDF
Misuse of Online Databases for Literature Searches
Chapter 113
Kari Smolander, Matti Rossi
This chapter describes the architecture development process in an international ICT company, which is building a comprehensive e-business system for... Sample PDF
Conflicts, Compromises, and Political Decisions: Methodological Challenges of Enterprise-Wide E-Business Architecture Creation
Chapter 114
Moh’d A. Radaideh, Hayder Al-Ameed
With the advancement of computer technologies and the World Wide Web, there has been an explosion in the amount of available e-services, most of... Sample PDF
Database High Availability: An Extended Survey
Chapter 115
Emmanuel Udoh
The capability of the Web to link information over the Internet has popularized computer science to the public. But it is the grid that will enable... Sample PDF
Database Integration in the Grid Infrastructure
Chapter 116
Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah, Zahidul Islam, Mathew Tan
Enterprise resource planning (ERP) implementations in multinational manufacturing companies have experienced various degrees of success. This... Sample PDF
Empirical Assessment of Factors Influencing Success of Enterprise Resource Planning Implementations
Chapter 117
Ana María Fermoso Garcia, Roberto Berjón Gallinas
This chapter introduces different alternatives to store and manage jointly relational and eXtensible Markup Language (XML) data sources. Nowadays... Sample PDF
Business Information Integration from XML and Relational Databases Sources
Chapter 118
Anthony Mark Orme, Letha H. Etzkorn
Recently, new standards for business-to-business (B2B) e-commerce transactions, to reduce extended record locking, relaxed standard database... Sample PDF
A Parallel Methodology for Reduction of Coupling in Distributed Business-to-Business E-Commerce Transactions
Chapter 119
J. J. Dolado, D. Rodríguez, J. Riquelme, F. Ferrer-Troyano, J. J. Cuadrado
One of the problems found in generic project databases, where the data is collected from different organizations, is the large disparity of its... Sample PDF
A Two-Stage Zone Regression Method for Global Characterization of a Project Database
Chapter 120
Dimitris Margaritis, Christos Faloutsos, Sebastian Thrun
We present a novel method for answering count queries from a large database approximately and quickly. Our method implements an approximate DataCube... Sample PDF
NetCube: Fast, Approximate Database Queries Using Bayesian Networks
Chapter 121
Francesco Buccafurri, Gianluca Caminiti, Gianluca Lax
In the context of Knowledge Discovery in Databases, data reduction is a pre-processing step delivering succinct yet meaningful data to sequent... Sample PDF
Approximate Range Querying over Sliding Windows
Chapter 122
Luciano Caroprese, Cristian Molinaro, Irina Trubitsyna, Ester Zumpano
Integrating data from different sources consists of two main steps, the first in which the various relations are merged together, and the second in... Sample PDF
Consistent Queries over Databases with Integrity Constraints
Chapter 123
Dunren Che
This article reports the result of the author’s recent work on XML query processing/optimization, which is a very important issue in XML data... Sample PDF
A Deterministic Approach to XML Query Processing with Efficient Support for Pure and Negated Containments
Chapter 124
Theodoros Evdoridis, Theodoros Tzouramanis
The issue of the escalation of security breaches in the field of Web systems has caused a great deal of disquiet in the computer security community.... Sample PDF
Countermeasures for Protecting Legally Sensitive Web-Powered Databases and Web Portals
Chapter 125
Boštjan Bercic, Carlisle George
In recent years, various national medical databases have been set up in the EU from disparate local databases and file systems. Medical records... Sample PDF
Compiling Medical Data into National Medical Databases: Legitimate Practice or Data Protection Concern?
Chapter 126
Edgar R. Weippl
In this article we will present an introduction to issues relevant to database security and statistical database security. We will briefly cover... Sample PDF
Database Security and Statistical Database Security
Chapter 127
Theodoros Evdoridis, Theodoros Tzouramanis
It is a strongly held view that the scientific branch of computer security that deals with Web-powered databases (Rahayu & Taniar, 2002) than can be... Sample PDF
Security Threats in Web-Powered Databases and Web Portals
Chapter 128
Theodoros Tzouramanis
This chapter focuses on the SQL code poisoning attack. It presents various ways in which a Web database can be poisoned by malicious SQL code, which... Sample PDF
SQL Code Poisoning: The Most Prevalent Technique for Attacking Web Powered Databases
Chapter 129
Yücel Saygin, Dilek Hakkani-Tür, Gökhan Tür
Information security and privacy in the context of the World Wide Web (WWW) are important issues that are still being investigated. However, most of... Sample PDF
Sanitization and Anonymization of Document Repositories
Chapter 130
Felix Naumann, Mary Roth
Commercial database management systems (DBMS) have come a long way with respect to efficiency and more recently, with respect to quality and user... Sample PDF
Information Quality: How Good are Off-the-shelf DBMs?
Chapter 131
Roy Gelbard, Avichai Meged
Representing and consequently processing fuzzy data in standard and binary databases is problematic. The problem is further amplified in binary... Sample PDF
Handling Fuzzy Similarity for Data Classification
Chapter 132
Yan Chen, Graham H. Rong, Jianhua Chen
A Web-based fabric database is introduced in terms of its physical structure, software system architecture, basic and intelligent search engines... Sample PDF
Fabric Database and Fuzzy Logic Models for Evaluating Fabric Performance
Chapter 133
George Tzanis, Christos Berberidis
Association rule mining is a popular task that involves the discovery of co-occurences of items in transaction databases. Several extensions of the... Sample PDF
Mining for Mutually Exclusive Items in Transaction Databases
Chapter 134
Tran Khanh Dang
In an outsourced database service model, query assurance takes an important role among wellknown security issues. To the best of our knowledge... Sample PDF
Ensuring Correctness, Completeness, and Freshness for Outsourced Tree-Indexed Data
Chapter 135
Yingjiu Li, Huiping Guo, Shuhong Wang
At the heart of the information economy, commercially and publicly useful databases must be sufficiently protected from pirated copying.... Sample PDF
A Multiple-Bits Watermark for Relational Data
Chapter 136
Hamid Haidarian Shahri
Entity resolution (also known as duplicate elimination) is an important part of the data cleaning process, especially in data integration and... Sample PDF
A Machine Learning Approach to Data Cleaning in Databases and Data Warehouses
Chapter 137
A Roadmap on Updates  (pages 2261-2267)
Fernando Zacarías Flores, Dionicio Zacarías Flores, Rosalba Cuapa Canto, Luis Miguel Guzmán Muñoz
Updates, is a central issue in relational databases and knowledge databases. In the last years, it has been well studied in the non-monotonic... Sample PDF
A Roadmap on Updates
Chapter 138
Vassilios S. Verykios
The enormous expansion of data collection and storage facilities has created an unprecedented increase in the need for data analysis and processing... Sample PDF
Association Rule Hiding Methods
Chapter 139
Antonio Picariello, Maria Luisa Sapino
In this chapter, we focus on those functionalities of multimedia databases that are not present in traditional databases but are needed when dealing... Sample PDF
Managing Uncertainties in Image Databases
Chapter 140
Ladjel Bellatreche
Scientific databases and data warehouses store large amounts of data ith several tables and attributes. For instance, the Sloan Digital Sky Survey... Sample PDF
Bitmap Join Indexes vs. Data Partitioning
Chapter 141
Megan Squire
Much of the data about free, libre, and open source (FLOSS) software development comes from studies of code forges or code repositories used for... Sample PDF
Integrating Projects from Multiple Open Source Code Forges
Chapter 142
Zbigniew W. Ras, Elzbieta M. Wyrzykowska
Action rules can be seen as logical terms describing knowledge about possible actions associated with objects that are hidden in a decision system.... Sample PDF
Extended Action Rule Discovery Based on Single Classification Rules and Reducts
Chapter 143
Russel Pears, Bryan Houliston
The computation of multidimensional aggregates is a common operation in OLAP applications. The major bottleneck is the large volume of data that... Sample PDF
Optimization of Multidimensional Aggregates in Data Warehouses
Chapter 144
Edgar R. Weippl, Markus D. Klemen, Stefan Raffeiner
Ontologies are more commonly used today but still little consideration is given of how to efficiently store them. The proposed approach is built on... Sample PDF
Improving Storage Concepts for Semantic Models and Ontologies
Chapter 145
From Databases to Ontologies  (pages 2360-2383)
Guntis Barzdins, Janis Barzdins, Karlis Cerans
This chapter introduces the UML profile for OWL as an essential instrument for bridging the gap between the legacy relational databases and OWL... Sample PDF
From Databases to Ontologies
Chapter 146
Henry M. Kim, Arijit Sengupta, Mark S. Fox, Mehmet Dalkilic
This article introduces a measurement ontology for applications to Semantic Web applications, specifically for emerging domains such as microarray... Sample PDF
A Measurement Ontology Generalizable for Emerging Domain Applications on the Semantic Web
Chapter 147
Vania Bogorny, Paulo Martins Engel, Luis Otavio Alavares
This chapter introduces the problem of mining frequent geographic patterns and spatial association rules from geographic databases. In the... Sample PDF
Enhancing the Process of Knowledge Discovery in Geographic Databases Using Geo-Ontologies
Chapter 148
Wai-Ho Au
The mining of fuzzy association rules has been proposed in the literature recently. Many of the ensuing algorithms are developed to make use of only... Sample PDF
A Distributed Algorithm for Mining Fuzzy Association Rules in Traditional Databases
Chapter 149
Carmen Martínez-Cruz, Ignacio José Blanco, Maria Amparo Vila
The Semantic Web has resulted in a wide range of information (e.g., HML, XML, DOC, PDF documents, ontologies, interfaces, forms, etc.) being made... Sample PDF
Looking for Information in Fuzzy Relational Databases Accessible Via Web
Chapter 150
Angelo Brayner, Marcelo Meirelles, José de Aguiar Moraes Filho
Integrating data sources published on the Web requires an integration strategy that guarantees the local data sources’ autonomy. A multidatabase... Sample PDF
Integrating Heterogeneous Data Sources in the Web
Chapter 151
Herbert Shiu, Joseph Fong
The extensible markup language (XML) has become a standard for persistent storage and data interchange via the Internet due to its openness... Sample PDF
Reverse Engineering from an XML Document into an Extended DTD Graph
Chapter 152
Xuepeng Yin, Torben Bach Pedersen
In today’s OLAP systems, physically integrating fast-changing data (e.g., stock quotes) into a cube is complex and time-consuming. The data is... Sample PDF
Evaluating XML-Extended OLAP Queries Based on Physical Algebra
Chapter 153
Narasimhaiah Gorla, Pang Wing Yan Betty
A new approach to vertical fragmentation in relational databases is proposed using association rules, a data-mining technique. Vertical... Sample PDF
Vertical Fragmentation in Databases Using Data-Mining Technique
Chapter 154
Yi-Cheng Tu, Gang Ding
Database administration (tuning) is the process of adjusting database configurations in order to accomplish desirable performance goals. This job is... Sample PDF
Control-Based Database Tuning Under Dynamic Workloads
Chapter 155
Michael Brydon, Aidan R. Vining
This article develops a model of open source disruption in enterprise software markets. It addresses the question: Is free and open source software... Sample PDF
Adoption, Improvement, and Disruption: Predicting the Impact of Open Source Applications in Enterprise Software Markets
Chapter 156
Brenda Eschenbrenner, Fiona Fui-Hoon Nah, Keng Siau
Three-dimensional virtual world environments are providing new opportunities to develop engaging, interactive experiences in education. These... Sample PDF
3-D Virtual Worlds in Education: Applications, Benefits, Issues, and Opportunities
Chapter 157
Davide Mula, Mirko Luca Lobina
Nowadays the Web page is one of the most common medium used by people, institutions, and companies to promote themselves, to share knowledge, and to... Sample PDF
Legal Protection of the Web Page as a Database
Chapter 158
Pedro Gabriel Ferreira, Paulo Jorge Azevedo
Protein sequence motifs describe, through means of enhanced regular expression syntax, regions of amino acids that have been conserved across... Sample PDF
Deterministic Motif Mining in Protein Databases
Chapter 159
Yanbo J. Wang, Xinwei Zheng, Frans Coenen
An association rule (AR) is a common type of mined knowledge in data mining that describes an implicative co-occurring relationship between two sets... Sample PDF
Mining Allocating Patterns in Investment Portfolios
Chapter 160
David A. Gadish
The internal validity of a spatial database can be discovered using the data contained within one or more databases. Spatial consistency includes... Sample PDF
Introducing Elasticity for Spatial Knowledge Management
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