Assistive Technology: A Tool for Inclusion

Assistive Technology: A Tool for Inclusion

Mary Spillane (Bellevue Public Schools, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-4422-9.ch001
OnDemand PDF Download:


Current federal legislation requires not only that students with disabilities be educated in the least restrictive setting but also that all students have equal access to a standards based curriculum. Providing this access can be a significant challenge for students who are unable to independently participate in traditional classroom activities. For these students, assistive technology supports may be the key to a successful general education placement. This chapter will discuss the process of designing and implementing assistive technology supports for a 2nd grade student with multiple physical, medical, and communication challenges.
Chapter Preview


In a typical general education classroom, instruction and assessment activities are interwoven throughout the school day. During instructional activities students may be asked to listen to a lecture, take notes, read a text, or search the internet for information. Formative and summative assessment activities may involve group projects, written responses, drawings, or participation in class discussions (Garrison & Ehringhaus, 1995). While some level of differentiation is usually present, it is rarely sufficient to meet the needs of students with complex motor and communication disabilities (Salend, 2009). For students who are unable to speak or hold a pencil, assistive technology is often the key to a successful general education placement.

Federal law defines assistive technology as “any item, piece of equipment, or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of a child with a disability.” (IDEIA, 2004). Assistive technology serves two primary functions in the inclusive classroom. First, it can provide an alternative means of accessing general education curriculum materials. A student who is unable to read may be quite able to understand grade level concepts in social studies or science. Unfortunately, if those concepts are presented only through traditional text materials, the student may be denied an opportunity to learn material which he or she could have mastered. Since a well-designed curriculum builds upon previously learned concepts, students with complex needs can easily lose access to the building blocks necessary for future academic development.

The power of access to appropriate technology is illustrated in an example described by Erickson (as cited in Beukelman & Mirenda, 1992). In this situation, eight students ranging from 5-12 years of age were placed in a specialized classroom for the purpose of providing “intensive technology assistance.” At the start of this program all students demonstrated multiple severe disabilities, were non-readers, and had not been exposed to any type of assistive technology supports. The initial goal of the program was to provide assistive technology supports which would allow the students to be placed in less restrictive, but still segregated classrooms. Within two years, seven of the eight students were not only proficient with their technology supports but also reading within 1-2 years of grade level. Two had been placed in general education classrooms as competitive students and the others were in the process of moving to more inclusive placements. Without assistive technology supports, it is likely that these students would have continued to be perceived as having severe cognitive deficits and unable to benefit from access to traditional curricular materials.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Editorial Advisory Board and List of Reviewers
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Mary Spillane
Current federal legislation requires not only that students with disabilities be educated in the least restrictive setting but also that all... Sample PDF
Assistive Technology: A Tool for Inclusion
Chapter 2
Harris Wang
Everyone has the right to learn and to succeed in education. For people with certain disabilities, learning can be a challenging task, and proper... Sample PDF
A Guide to Assistive Technology for Teachers in Special Education
Chapter 3
Anna S. Evmenova, Michael M. Behrmann
A myriad of assistive/instructional technologies are available for students with high-incidence disabilities (Learning... Sample PDF
Communication Technology Integration in the Content Areas for Students with High-Incidence Disabilities: A Case Study of One School System
Chapter 4
Serhat Kurt
The World Wide Web (Web) has become an essential part of our daily life. Web accessibility remains an important issue because many people have... Sample PDF
Accessibility Issues of Educational Web Sites
Chapter 5
Marion A. Hersh, Barbara Leporini
This chapter presents an overview of accessibility and usability for educational computer-based games and the first survey of the accessibility and... Sample PDF
An Overview of Accessibility and Usability of Educational Games
Chapter 6
Pradipta Biswas
This chapter presents a brief survey of different user modelling techniques used in human computer interaction. It investigates history of... Sample PDF
A Brief Survey on User Modelling in Human Computer Interaction
Chapter 7
Jesse Hoey, Pascal Poupart, Craig Boutilier, Alex Mihailidis
This chapter presents a general decision theoretic model of interactions between users and cognitive assistive technologies for various tasks of... Sample PDF
POMDP Models for Assistive Technology
Chapter 8
Uma Shanker Tiwary, Tanveer J. Siddiqui
The objective of this chapter is twofold. On one hand, it tries to introduce and present various components of Human Computer Interaction (HCI), if... Sample PDF
Working Together with Computers: Towards a General Framework for Collaborative Human Computer Interaction
Chapter 9
Bridgette Wessels, Yvonne Dittrich, Annelie Ekelin, Sara Eriksén
In this article, the gap between participatory design of services and planning processes is identified. This means that any innovations in service... Sample PDF
Creating Synergies between Participatory Design of E-Services and Collaborative Planning
Chapter 10
Christian Galinski, Helmut Beckmann
The important aspect of interoperable content and content accessibility is still not sufficiently acknowledged in most eApplications. Although... Sample PDF
Concepts for Enhancing Content Quality and eAccessibility: In General and in the Field of eProcurement
Chapter 11
Darren D. Chadwick, Chris Fullwood, Caroline J. Wesson
This chapter provides insight into the nature of online engagement by people with intellectual disabilities, the extent and quality of this... Sample PDF
Intellectual Disability, Identity, and the Internet
Chapter 12
Jennifer Stinson, Navreet Gill
Chronic health conditions in children and youth are important health problems that seriously affect all aspects of their everyday lives. There is... Sample PDF
Internet-Based Chronic Disease Self-Management for Youth
Chapter 13
Betania Groba, Thais Pousada, Laura Nieto
A person with disabilities can present difficulties in occupational performance. It is necessary to develop a set of resources, technological or... Sample PDF
Assistive Technologies, Tools and Resources for the Access and Use of Information and Communication Technologies by People with Disabilities
Chapter 14
Ina Freeman, Aiofe Freeman
Social enterprises are expected to contribute to the well-being of society. One way this is done is through assisting individuals to become... Sample PDF
Capacity Building for Different Abilities Using ICT
Chapter 15
Andrew Y. J. Szeto
The interdisciplinary fields of Assistive Technology and Rehabilitation Engineering focus on understanding the impact of disability, seeking to... Sample PDF
Assistive Technology and Rehabilitation Engineering
Chapter 16
Eva Holmqvist, Margret Buchholz
Technical aids can contribute towards improved health and satisfaction in life by giving the user increased possibilities for participation in a... Sample PDF
A Model for Gaze Control Assessments and Evaluation
Chapter 17
Cristina Diaz Busch, Alberto Moreiras Lorenzo, Iván Mourelos Sánchez, Betania Groba González, Thais Pousada García, Laura Nieto Riveiro, Javier Pereira Loureiro
The In-TIC system for mobile devices (in Spanish: Integration with Information and Communication Technologies system for mobile devices) represents... Sample PDF
In-TIC for Mobile Devices: Support System for Communication with Mobile Devices for the Disabled
Chapter 18
Jesus Tomas, Jaime Lloret, Diana Bri, Sandra Sendra
Over the years, several systems have been developed in order to improve the quality of life of the disabled and elderly people. Moreover, many... Sample PDF
Sensors and their Application for Disabled and Elderly People
Chapter 19
Holger Luczak, Christopher M. Schlick, Nicole Jochems, Sebastian Vetter, Bernhard Kausch
The fast aging of many western and eastern societies and their increasing reliance on information technology create a compelling need to reconsider... Sample PDF
Touch Screens for the Elderly: Some Models and Methods, Prototypical Development and Experimental Evaluation of Human-Computer Interaction Concepts for the Elderly
Chapter 20
Therese Cumming, Cathi Draper Rodríguez, Iva Strnadová
Special educators globally are adopting mobile technologies such as the iPad for use in classrooms for everything from textbook replacement to... Sample PDF
Aligning iPad Applications with Evidence-Based Practices in Inclusive and Special Education
Chapter 21
Georgios A. Dafoulas, Noha Saleeb
The significance of newly emergent 3D virtual worlds to different genres of users is currently a controversial subject in deliberation. Users range... Sample PDF
3D Assistive Technologies and Advantageous Themes for Collaboration and Blended Learning of Users with Disabilities
Chapter 22
Marni Gail Jones, Christopher L. Schwilk, David F. Bateman
Advances in technology have produced a variety of ways for students with a print disability to access written material through audio format: from... Sample PDF
Reading by Listening: Access to Books in Audio Format for College Students with Print Disabilities
Chapter 23
Pablo Revuelta, Javier Jiménez, José M. Sánchez, Belén Ruiz
This chapter introduces the potential of Automatic Speech Recognition Technology (ASR) in the challenge of inclusive education. ASR technology... Sample PDF
Automatic Speech Recognition to Enhance Learning for Disabled Students
Chapter 24
Khaled Necibi, Halima Bahi, Toufik Sari
Speech disorders are human disabilities widely present in young population but also adults may suffer from such disorders after some physical... Sample PDF
Speech Disorders Recognition using Speech Analysis
Chapter 25
William R. Rodríguez, Oscar Saz, Eduardo Lleida
This chapter reports the results after two years of deployment of PreLingua, a free computer-based tool for voice therapy, in different educational... Sample PDF
Experiences Using a Free Tool for Voice Therapy based on Speech Technologies
Chapter 26
Piotr Plichta
The chapter explores patterns of ICT (Information and Communication Technologies) usage (particularly: cell phones and the Internet) among mildly... Sample PDF
Ways of ICT Usage among Mildly Intellectually Disabled Adolescents: Potential Risks and Advantages
Chapter 27
Judith K. Carlson
This chapter describes an assistive technology device called a digital pen. Digital pens allow notes written to be uploaded to a computer and... Sample PDF
What Do You Do With a Digital Pen?
Chapter 28
Carlo A. Frigo, Esteban E. Pavan
Prostheses and orthoses are devices intended to improve motor function in amputated patients or patients with different kinds of motor disorders... Sample PDF
Prosthetic and Orthotic Devices
Chapter 29
Renpeng Tan, Shuoyu Wang, Yinlai Jiang, Kenji Ishida, Masakatsu G. Fujie
With the increase in the percentage of the population defined as elderly, increasing numbers of people suffer from walking disabilities due to... Sample PDF
Motion Control of an Omni-Directional Walker for Walking Support
Chapter 30
Judy L. Carroll
Federal law supports the use of assistive technology in the education of students with disabilities. Arguably, wheelchairs are included as assistive... Sample PDF
Wheelchairs as Assistive Technology: What a Special Educator Should Know
Chapter 31
Mehdi Najjar, François Courtemanche, Habib Hamam, Alexandre Dion, Jérémy Bauchet, André Mayers
The chapter presents a novel modular adaptive artful intelligent assistance system for cognitively and/or memory impaired people engaged in the... Sample PDF
DeepKøver: An Adaptive Intelligent Assistance System for Monitoring Impaired People in Smart Homes
Chapter 32
Tatsuya Yamazaki
This book chapter provides a review of the assistive technologies deployed in smart spaces with a variety of smart home or house examples. In the... Sample PDF
Assistive Technologies in Smart Homes
Chapter 33
Neil W. Bergmann
Ubiquitous computing technology (ICT) shows great potential in supporting the infirm elderly, and others managing complex health issues, to live... Sample PDF
Ubiquitous Computing for Independent Living
Chapter 34
Ilaria Mazzanti, Alessandro Maolo, Roberto Antonicelli
In the last sixty years, there has been an increase in life expectance especially in females and in industrialized countries. This, along with the... Sample PDF
E-Health and Telemedicine in the Elderly: State of the Art
Chapter 35
José C. Millán-Calenti, Ana Maseda
One of the priorities of a modern society must be to offer all individuals the possibility to access all resources available. In this sense, there... Sample PDF
Telegerontology®: A New Technological Resource for Elderly Support
Chapter 36
Sarah Power, Saba Moghimi, Brian Nhan, Tom Chau
As the number of individuals without physical access to communication or environmental interaction escalates, there are increasing efforts to... Sample PDF
Nascent Access Technologies for Individuals with Severe Motor Impairments
Chapter 37
Brenda Flores Muro, Eduardo César Contreras Delgado
Present work develops a PC simulation game to conduct a study with the main objective to train children with psychomotor disabilities (coordination... Sample PDF
RACEM Game for PC for Use as Rehabilitation Therapy for Children with Psychomotor Disability and Results of its Application
Chapter 38
Tiago Martins, Vítor Carvalho, Filomena Soares
As a significant number of individuals have severe motor disabilities due to neurological and musculoskeletal conditions, it is important to provide... Sample PDF
An Overview on the Use of Serious Games in Physical Therapy and Rehabilitation
Chapter 39
Randy Kulman, Gary Stoner, Louis Ruffolo, Stephanie Marshall, Jennifer Slater, Amanda Dyl, Alice Cheng
Numerous studies support the contention that videogames can be useful in developing specific attention and memory skills. Videogames and other... Sample PDF
Teaching Executive Functions, Self-Management, and Ethical Decision-Making through Popular Videogame Play
Chapter 40
Nia Valeria, Marlene Valerie Lu, Lau Bee Theng
Communication through speech is a vital skill, an innate ability in most human beings intended to convey thoughts, needs, and it is the very... Sample PDF
Collaborative Virtual Learning for Assisting Children with Cerebral Palsy
Chapter 41
Beatriz López Mencía, David Díaz Pardo, Alvaro Hernández Trapote, Luis A. Hernández Gómez
This chapter describes a collection of experiences and recommendations related with the design and evaluation of interactive applications... Sample PDF
Embodied Conversational Agents in Interactive Applications for Children with Special Educational Needs
Chapter 42
Robert D. Tennyson
This chapter presents an argument for the employment of computers in education and the possible improvements especially for students with... Sample PDF
Computer Interventions for Children with Disabilities: Review of Research and Practice
Chapter 43
Karla Conn Welch, Uttama Lahiri, Nilanjan Sarkar, Zachary Warren, Wendy Stone, Changchun Liu
This chapter covers the application of affective computing using a physiological approach to children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) during... Sample PDF
Affect-Sensitive Computing and Autism
Chapter 44
Eugene Monaco, Stephen Lackey, Edward Skawinski, Rebecca Stanley, Carol Day Young
Democratic governments seek to serve all citizens equally and fairly. Achieving this ideal in e-governance will in large measure be determined by... Sample PDF
Accessibility and Usability Issues
Chapter 45
Roberto Caldelli, Rudy Becarelli, Francesco Filippini, Francesco Picchioni, Riccardo Giorgetti
In this paper a Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT) based voting system is presented. This electronic voting technology allows disabled users to... Sample PDF
Electronic Voting by Means of Digital Terrestrial Television: The Infrastructure, Security Issues and a Real Test-Bed
Chapter 46
Raúl Riesco Granadino, Javier Alfonso Cendón
Internet based networks and core competences; the way we communicate with each other and global economic pressure have changed the way we innovate.... Sample PDF
IDTVOS: An INTECO Open Innovation Success Case
Chapter 47
George S. Mouzakitis, Despoina Goutou
Managers tend to recruit individuals of highest educational standards who deserve quality jobs and attractive remuneration. Equally, disabled... Sample PDF
The Impact of International Management on Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities in the Workforce
Chapter 48
Mario Covarrubias, Monica Bordegoni, Umberto Cugini, Elia Gatti
This chapter presents a methodology that the authors developed for the evaluation of a novel device based on haptic guidance to support people with... Sample PDF
Supporting Unskilled People in Manual Tasks through Haptic-Based Guidance
Chapter 49
Mohammadreza Asghari-Oskoei, Huosheng Hu
Myoelectric signal is known as an alternative human-machine interface (HMI) for people with motor disability in dealing with assisting robots and... Sample PDF
Using Myoelectric Signals to Manipulate Assisting Robots and Rehabilitation Devices
Chapter 50
Martine Smith, Janice Murray
Over the last 30 years, significant advances have been made in the technology supporting augmentative and alternative communication devices.... Sample PDF
Augmentative and Alternative Communication Devices: The Voices of Adult Users
Chapter 51
Andrew Kitchenham, Doug Bowes
In this chapter, the authors discuss the promise of speech or voice recognition software and provide practical suggestions for the teacher or any... Sample PDF
Voice/Speech Recognition Software: A Discussion of the Promise for Success and Practical Suggestions for Implementation
Chapter 52
Sergio Luján-Mora, Firas Masri
The Web is present in all fields of our life, from information and service Web pages to electronic public administration (e-government). Users of... Sample PDF
Evaluation of Web Accessibility: A Combined Method
Chapter 53
Eye Movements and Attention  (pages 1030-1054)
Fiona Mulvey, Michael Heubner
When it comes to measuring attention, or quantifying it in any way, it is not easy to pin down what exactly we measure. Advances in technology have... Sample PDF
Eye Movements and Attention
Chapter 54
Mick Donegan
Severely disabled people will often spend a significant part of their waking day using gaze control. Technology has a positive impact on many areas... Sample PDF
Features of Gaze Control Systems
Chapter 55
Fiona Mulvey, Arantxa Villanueva, David Sliney, Robert Lange, Michael Donegan
Infrared light is the most common choice for illumination of the eye in current eye trackers, usually produced via IR light-emitting diodes (LEDs).... Sample PDF
Safety Issues and Infrared Light
Chapter 56
Sylvia Söderström
This chapter investigates the significance of assistive ICT as a tool in young disabled people’s identity negotiations. To analyse the impact of... Sample PDF
Assistive ICT and Young Disabled Persons: Opportunities and Obstacles in Identity Negotiations
Chapter 57
Ana Pérez Pérez, Zoraida Callejas Carrión, Ramón López-Cózar Delgado, David Griol Barres
New technologies have demonstrated a great potential to improve the social, labour, and educational integration of people with special needs. That... Sample PDF
On the Use of Speech Technologies to Achieve Inclusive Education for People with Intellectual Disabilities
Chapter 58
Susanne Croasdaile, Sharon Jones, Kelly Ligon, Linda Oggel, Mona Pruett
This study examines practitioners’ perceptions of the factors impacting the implementation of assistive technology (AT) for students with... Sample PDF
Supports for and Barriers to Implementing Assistive Technology in Schools
Chapter 59
Renae Low, Putai Jin, John Sweller
In this digital era, the gap between the elderly and younger generations in their use of computer-based technology is wide, and many researchers in... Sample PDF
Instructional Design in Digital Environments and Availability of Mental Resources for the Aged Subpopulation
Chapter 60
Venkata Chivukula, Michael Shur
Assistive technologies can go a long way in helping learning disabled students to keep-up with their classmates. The ubiquity of internet as an... Sample PDF
Web-Based Experimentation for Students with Learning Disabilities
Chapter 61
Henry C. Alphin
Project management theory provides an organized, cost-effective approach to providing an accessible e-learning environment. Such a collaborative... Sample PDF
Accessibility Implementation for Disabled Students in PMBOLD Environments
Chapter 62
Susan B. Asselin
Assistive technology makes a task possible for an individual with a disability, while technology makes a task easier for a non-disabled person.... Sample PDF
Assistive Technology in Higher Education
Chapter 63
Jenny Martin, Elspeth McKay
The primary aim of this chapter is to explore the use of information and communications technology (ICT) in post-secondary education to provide... Sample PDF
Mental Health, Post-Secondary Education, and Information Communications Technology
Chapter 64
Samuel Muwanguzi, Lin Lin
This study examined the usability challenges and emotional reactions blind college students experienced in accessing educational materials and... Sample PDF
Coping with Accessibility and Usability Challenges of Online Technologies by Blind Students in Higher Education
Chapter 65
Susan Vajoczki, Susan Watt
This case examines the incremental introduction of lecture-capture as a learning technology at a research-intensive university with the goal of... Sample PDF
Lecture Capture as a Tool to Enhance Student Accessibility: A Canadian Case Study
Chapter 66
Rubén González Crespo, Oscar Sanjuán Martíne, Juan Manuel Cueva Lovelle, B. Cristina Pelayo García-Bustelo, Vicente García Díaz, Patricia Ordoñez de Pablos
This chapter proposes a new way to improve the cognitive load and construction of e-learning environments making them more usable and accessible... Sample PDF
Improving Cognitive Load on Students with Disabilities through Software Aids
Chapter 67
Anya S. Evmenova, Margaret E. King-Sears
Literacy is an important part of our culture, providing access to a wide variety of information and opportunities. A myriad of assistive and... Sample PDF
Technology and Literacy for Students with Disabilities
Chapter 68
David Griol Barres, Zoraida Callejas Carrión, José M. Molina López, Araceli Sanchis de Miguel
Continuous advances in the development of information technologies have currently led to the possibility of accessing learning contents from... Sample PDF
Towards the Use of Dialog Systems to Facilitate Inclusive Education
Chapter 69
Eduardo César Contreras Delgado, Isis Ivette Contreras González
Children with intellectual disability have a diminished ability of social intelligence; thus, it is necessary to develop abilities in the area “use... Sample PDF
Criteria of Development of Adaptive Didactic Games for People with Intellectual Disability
Chapter 70
Cindy K. Sherman, Susan De La Paz
Information and Communication Technology is becoming an essential learning tool for teachers and students in the classroom. The use of Information... Sample PDF
Technology to Facilitate the General Education Curriculum
Chapter 71
Laura Baylot Casey, Robert L. Williamson
Parents encounter many challenges when facing the need to raise and support a child with a disability. Many find technology to be of assistance... Sample PDF
A Parent’s Guide to Support Technologies for Preschool Students with Disabilities
Chapter 72
Lau Sian Lun, Klaus David
Technology can be used to assist people with disabilities in their daily activities. Especially when the users have communication deficiencies... Sample PDF
Enabling Context Aware Services in the Area of AAC
Chapter 73
Noha Saleeb, Georgios A. Dafoulas
3D Virtual Learning Environments (3D VLEs) are increasingly becoming prominent supporters of blended learning for all kinds of students including... Sample PDF
Assistive Technologies and Environmental Design Concepts for Blended Learning and Teaching for Disabilities within 3D Virtual Worlds and Learning Environments
Chapter 74
David Griol, Zoraida Callejas, Ramón López-Cózar
Education is one of the most interesting applications of virtual worlds, as their flexibility can be exploited in order to create heterogeneous... Sample PDF
Conversational Metabots for Educational Applications in Virtual Worlds
Chapter 75
Ong Chin Ann, Marlene Valerie Lu, Lau Bee Theng
The main purpose of this research is to enhance the communication of the disabled community. The authors of this chapter propose an enhanced... Sample PDF
A Face Based Real Time Communication for Physically and Speech Disabled People
Chapter 76
Sridhar Arjunan, Dinesh Kant Kumar, Hans Weghorn, Ganesh Naik
The need for developing reliable and flexible human computer interface is increased and applications of HCI have been in each and every field. Human... Sample PDF
Facial Muscle Activity Patterns for Recognition of Utterances in Native and Foreign Language: Testing for its Reliability and Flexibility
Chapter 77
Ilham N. Huseyinov
The purpose of this chapter is to explore fuzzy logic based methodology for computing an adaptive interface in an environment of imperfect, vague... Sample PDF
Fuzzy Linguistic Modelling in Multi Modal Human Computer Interaction: Adaptation to Cognitive Styles using Multi Level Fuzzy Granulation Method
Chapter 78
Samit Bhattacharya
Many individuals with speech and motor disorders face problems in expressing themselves in an easy and intelligible way. An array of Augmentative... Sample PDF
Model-Based Approaches for Scanning Keyboard Design: Present State and Future Directions
Chapter 79
Lochi Yu, Cristian Ureña
Since the first recordings of brain electrical activity more than 100 years ago remarkable contributions have been done to understand the brain... Sample PDF
A Review of Current Approaches of Brain Computer Interfaces
Chapter 80
Masayuki Hirata, Takufumi Yanagisawa, Kojiro Matsushita, Hisato Sugata, Yukiyasu Kamitani, Takafumi Suzuki, Hiroshi Yokoi, Tetsu Goto, Morris Shayne, Youichi Saitoh, Haruhiko Kishima, Mitsuo Kawato, Toshiki Yoshimine
The brain-machine interface (BMI) enables us to control machines and to communicate with others, not with the use of input devices, but through the... Sample PDF
Brain-Machine Interface Using Brain Surface Electrodes: Real-Time Robotic Control and a Fully Implantable Wireless System
Chapter 81
Carmen Vidaurre, Andrea Kübler, Michael Tangermann, Klaus-Robert Müller, José del R. Millán
There is growing interest in the use of brain signals for communication and operation of devices, in particular, for physically disabled people.... Sample PDF
Brain-Computer Interfaces and Visual Activity
Chapter 82
Kathleen C. Lonbom
This chapter explores a pilot project investigating the development of audio descriptions to accompany an academic library’s digital image... Sample PDF
Listening to Images: Exploring Alternate Access to a Digital Collection
Chapter 83
Kanubhai K. Patel, Sanjay Kumar Vij
We have integrated the treadmill-style locomotion interface, called the unconstrained walking plane (UWP), with virtual environment (VE) to enhance... Sample PDF
Unconstrained Walking Plane to Virtual Environment for Non-Visual Spatial Learning
Chapter 84
Zhang Lixun, Bai Dapeng, Yi Lei
To help patients with lower limb disabilities walk, a robot was designed to help train patients to stand up. An experimental prototype was... Sample PDF
Design of and Experimentation with a Walking Assistance Robot
Chapter 85
Clifton Phua, Patrice Claude Roy, Hamdi Aloulou, Jit Biswas, Andrei Tolstikov, Victor Siang-Fook Foo, Aung-Phyo-Wai Aung, Weimin Huang, Mohamed Ali Feki, Jayachandran Maniyeri, Alvin Kok-Weng Chu, Duangui Xu
The work is motivated by the expanding demand and limited supply of long-term personal care for People with Dementia (PwD), and assistive technology... Sample PDF
State-of-the-Art Assistive Technology for People with Dementia
Chapter 86
Sarah D. Kirby, Debra M. Sellers
This chapter follows efforts of an online community of practice whose mission is to make individual educational experiences for family caregivers... Sample PDF
The LiveAbility House: A Collaborative Adventure in Discovery Learning
Chapter 87
Bert Bongers, Stuart Smith
This chapter outlines a Human-Computer Interaction inspired approach to rehabilitation of neurological damage (e.g. spinal cord injury) that employs... Sample PDF
Interactivating Rehabilitation through Active Multimodal Feedback and Guidance
Chapter 88
Ana Iglesias, Belén Ruiz-Mezcua, Juan Francisco López, Diego Carrero Figueroa
This chapter explores new communication technologies and methods for avoiding accessibility and communication barriers in the educational... Sample PDF
New Communication Technologies for Inclusive Education in and outside the Classroom