The enormous expansion of data collection and storage facilities has created an unprecedented increase in the need for data analysis and processing power. Data mining has long been the catalyst for automated and sophisticated data analysis and interrogation. Recent advances in data mining and knowledge discovery have generated controversial impact in both scientific and technological arenas. On the one hand, data mining is capable of analyzing vast amounts of information within a minimum amount of time, an analysis that has exceeded the expectations of even the most imaginative scientists of the last decade. On the other hand, the excessive processing power of intelligent algorithms which is brought with this new research area puts at risk sensitive and confidential information that resides in large and distributed data stores.