Belief Function Approach to Evidential Reasoning in Causal Maps

Belief Function Approach to Evidential Reasoning in Causal Maps

Rajendra P. Srivastava (University of Kansas, USA), Mari W. Buche (Michigan Technological University, USA) and Tom L. Roberts (University of Kansas, USA)
Copyright: © 2005 |Pages: 33
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-396-8.ch005
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The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate the use of the evidential reasoning approach under the Dempster-Shafer (D-S) theory of belief functions to analyze revealed causal maps (RCM). The participants from information technology (IT) organizations provided the concepts to describe the target phenomenon of Job Satisfaction. They also identified the associations between the concepts. This chapter discusses the steps necessary to transform a causal map into an evidential diagram. The evidential diagram can then be analyzed using belief functions technique with survey data, thereby extending the research from a discovery and explanation stage to testing and prediction. An example is provided to demonstrate these steps. This chapter also provides the basics of Dempster-Shafer theory of belief functions and a step-by-step description of the propagation process of beliefs in tree-like evidential diagrams.

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
V. K. Narayanan
In this chapter, I provide an historical overview of the use of causal mapping, and its migration from political science to organization theory, and... Sample PDF
Causal Mapping: An Historical Overview
Chapter 2
Deborah J. Armstrong
Causal mapping is a technique that can be used to represent cognition because it captures the structure of the causal assertions of an individual or... Sample PDF
Causal Mapping: A Discussion and Demonstration
Chapter 3
Gerard P. Hodgkinson, Gail P. Clarkson
In this chapter we review major developments that have occurred over the past 30 years or so in the philosophical underpinnings, elicitation... Sample PDF
What Have We Learned from Almost 30 Years of Research on Causal Mapping? Methodological Lessons and Choices for the Information Systems and Information Technology Communities
Chapter 4
Jana Diesner, Kathleen M. Carley
Texts can be coded and analyzed as networks of concepts often referred to as maps or semantic networks. In such networks, for many texts there are... Sample PDF
Revealing Social Structure from Texts: Meta-Matrix Text Analysis as a Novel Method for Network Text Analysis
Chapter 5
Rajendra P. Srivastava, Mari W. Buche, Tom L. Roberts
The purpose of this chapter is to demonstrate the use of the evidential reasoning approach under the Dempster-Shafer (D-S) theory of belief... Sample PDF
Belief Function Approach to Evidential Reasoning in Causal Maps
Chapter 6
Huy V. Vo, Marshall Scott Poole, James F. Courtney
Recently, capturing and evaluating group causal maps has come to attention of IS researchers (Tegarden and Sheetz, 2003; Lee, Courtney & O’Keefe... Sample PDF
An Empirical Comparison of Collective Causal Mapping Approaches
Chapter 7
Deborah J. Armstrong, V. K. Narayanan
In this chapter, we compare the findings from causal maps derived from semi-structured interviews with that obtained from survey respondents, using... Sample PDF
Expanding Horizons: Juxtaposing Causal Mapping and Survey Techniques
Chapter 8
Kay M. Nelson
Revealed causal mapping (RCM) represents one of the best ways to study a phenomenon in a discovery or evocative setting. The RCM method provides... Sample PDF
Reflections on the Interview Process in Evocative Settings
Chapter 9
David P. Tegarden, Linda F. Tegarden, Steven D. Sheetz
The cognitive diversity of top management teams has been shown to affect the performance of a firm. In some cases, cognitive diversity has been... Sample PDF
Using Causal Mapping to Uncover Cognitive Diversity within a Top Management Team
Chapter 10
Tor J. Larsen, Fred Niederman
This research project gathered data about the use of UML and object-oriented analysis and design as the approach to the development of information... Sample PDF
Causal Mapping for the Investigation of the Adoption of UML in Information Technology Project Development
Chapter 11
Fran Ackermann, Colin Eden
Identifying what different stakeholders in a business need from Information Systems development has always been seen as problematic. There are... Sample PDF
Using Causal Mapping to Support Information Systems Development: Some Considerations
Chapter 12
Douglas L. Micklich
The formulation and implementation of effective strategy at every level within an organization requires that those involved in the process have not... Sample PDF
Strategic Implications of Causal Mapping in Strategy Analysis and Formulation
Chapter 13
Luca Iandoli, Giuseppe Zollo
Knowledge management practices in software development and engineering have been focused mainly on knowledge sharing and maintenance whereas less... Sample PDF
Knowledge at Work in Software Development: A Cognitive Approach for Sharing Knowledge and Creating Decision Support for Life-Cycle Selection
Chapter 14
Robert F. Otondo
Comparing, contrasting, and collectivizing causal maps provides a useful way for extending representations of individual-level cognitions to an... Sample PDF
Object-Oriented Approaches to Causal Mapping: A Proposal
Chapter 15
V. K. Narayanan, Jiali Liao
Analysis of the behavior of casual maps is not as well developed as the analysis of their content and structure. In this chapter, we propose a set... Sample PDF
An Outline of Approaches to Analyzing the Behavior of Causal Maps
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