A Brief History of Computers, Computing in Education, and Computing in Philadelphia Schools

A Brief History of Computers, Computing in Education, and Computing in Philadelphia Schools

Catherine Schifter (Temple University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-765-2.ch001
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Abstract

There was a time when electricity was a novelty; something to be harnessed, to be understood. With time, not only did mankind harness electricity and understand it, but electricity became a mainstay of modern society. Today we cannot imagine our lives without light bulbs, refrigerators, and all the wonderful appliances that run on electricity. Similarly, there was a time when the telephone was a toy for the wealthy in their homes. Only the very well off could afford one of those “contraptions.” Why would the hoi polloi have a need for a telephone at home? Again, with time, not only did the hoi polloi have a need for the telephone in the home, but phones became self contained (i.e., didn’t need an operator as a mediator), smaller, and portable with the advent of the modern twenty-first century cell phone. But cell phones too rely on electricity; and as with electricity, we cannot imagine our lives without the telephone in all its forms.

Complete Chapter List

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Foreword
Infusing Technology into Dockterman
Acknowledgment
Catherine Schifter
Chapter 1
Catherine Schifter
There was a time when electricity was a novelty; something to be harnessed, to be understood. With time, not only did mankind harness electricity... Sample PDF
A Brief History of Computers, Computing in Education, and Computing in Philadelphia Schools
$37.50
Chapter 2
Catherine Schifter
How difficult is change? According to those who study change in schools and classrooms, change is something that is always occurring, or things... Sample PDF
Change Theory: A Model to Study Technology in Classrooms
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Chapter 3
Catherine Schifter
In 2007, reports from the Office of the Secretary of Education’s website listed statistics about educational technology and schools. As of November... Sample PDF
"Making Teachers Better": A Brief History of Professional Development for Teachers
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Chapter 4
Catherine Schifter
Since the early 1980s education had been challenged to improve student outcomes. It was during these years of debate on what would help schools help... Sample PDF
Continuous Practice Improvement
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Chapter 5
Catherine Schifter
Imagine, as best you can, your Kindergarten classroom from way back when, or that of your children’s Kindergarten classroom, or perhaps one in which... Sample PDF
Beyond Finger Painting: Kindergarten
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Chapter 6
Catherine Schifter
Like Kindergarten, the first grade classroom is a welcoming site with small tables and chairs for the equally small children who are typical first... Sample PDF
Finger Painting to Digital Painting: First Grade
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Chapter 7
Catherine Schifter
Do you remember your second grade classroom? I remember it being a rather large room, but then I was quite small back then. There were music... Sample PDF
Digital Drawing to Digital Graphics: Second Grade
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Chapter 8
Catherine Schifter
The third grade classroom is beginning to look like a typical elementary school classroom. Desks can be arranged in many ways – in groupings to... Sample PDF
Inspiring the Learning: Third Grade
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Chapter 9
Catherine Schifter
Fourth grade is a wonderful grade. The students are even smarter and more eager to engage in science and social studies activities. Assessment of... Sample PDF
Ideas to Concepts: Fourth Grade
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Chapter 10
Catherine Schifter
How do fifth grade classrooms differ from fourth grade classrooms? The simple answer is that the curricula for mathematics, literacy, science, and... Sample PDF
Expressing Knowledge in New Ways: Fifth Grade
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Chapter 11
Catherine Schifter
Like fifth grade, sixth grade may be in an elementary school or a middle school. In my elementary school way back when in time, sixth grade was the... Sample PDF
Demonstrating Learning with Computing: Sixth Grade
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Chapter 12
Catherine Schifter
As with fifth and sixth grades, the seventh grade classroom depends on whether the school is an elementary school or middle school. In many... Sample PDF
Becoming Tech Experts: Grade 7
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Chapter 13
Beyond Computers: Grade 8  (pages 241-257)
Catherine Schifter
How do you differentiate eighth grade from other grades? Whether the eighth grade is the last grade in an elementary school or the last grade in a... Sample PDF
Beyond Computers: Grade 8
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Chapter 14
Catherine Schifter
Over the last 10 to 15 years, a vast amount of money has been invested in computer technology for public education, including establishing or... Sample PDF
Effecting Change in the Classroom Through Professional Development
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About the Author