This chapter provides a synopsis of the contemporary business environment and reviews some internal and external factors that influence enterprise planning, with particular reference to document role. Several business sectors are considered. Some of the information systems and technologies available on the market to support planning initiatives are examined. The relevance of managing documents and their content is discussed in the context of a strategic planning framework that takes into account matters such as regulatory compliance and commercial processes. Our view is that effective application of IDCM strategy cannot be undertaken unless attention is paid to the general context of an organization’s business processes and the IT environment in which they operate. Our objectives are to do the following: • Outline the enterprise business planning framework. • Consider the commercial landscape and review some of the issues that may impact on business planning. • Consider the regulatory landscape and review some of the legislative, administrative regulations, and standards that may impact on business planning. • Reflect on the IT landscape and the implications for business planning. • Discuss at a conceptual level the role of document management systems as a key enabler of business planning. • Consider the overall implications of fragmented and mismanaged document environments on business planning.