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Case Studies of North American University Performance in Technology Transfer and Commercialization

Copyright © 2010. 51 pages.
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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61520-609-4.ch001
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MLA

Collier, Alan and Fang Zhao. "Case Studies of North American University Performance in Technology Transfer and Commercialization." Cases on Technology Innovation: Entrepreneurial Successes and Pitfalls. IGI Global, 2010. 1-51. Web. 22 Oct. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-61520-609-4.ch001

APA

Collier, A., & Zhao, F. (2010). Case Studies of North American University Performance in Technology Transfer and Commercialization. In S. Becker, & R. Niebuhr (Eds.) Cases on Technology Innovation: Entrepreneurial Successes and Pitfalls (pp. 1-51). Hershey, PA: Business Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-61520-609-4.ch001

Chicago

Collier, Alan and Fang Zhao. "Case Studies of North American University Performance in Technology Transfer and Commercialization." In Cases on Technology Innovation: Entrepreneurial Successes and Pitfalls, ed. S. Ann Becker and Robert E. Niebuhr, 1-51 (2010), accessed October 22, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-61520-609-4.ch001

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Abstract

This chapter reports on case studies of four North American universities engaged in technology transfer and commercialization. The literature and case studies permitted an understanding of the characteristics possessed by universities and university technology transfer offices that appear to be successful in technology transfer and commercialization. Fourteen characteristics, or institutional enablers, are identified and analyzed in order to determine which among these characteristics have greater influence in the success of technology transfer offices. The chapter concludes that universities with superior-performing technology transfer offices possess two factors in common. First, the university President and other executives concerned in commercialization have to believe in it and make a genuine commitment to its success. Second, the technology transfer office has to be led by an individual who possesses several attributes: the ability and willingness to work within the university structure; the ability to be both an entrepreneur and a manager; the ability to see what is happening in technology transfer and commercialization as it evolves and matures; and to be a leader of people and business.
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Introduction

This chapter reports on case studies covering four North American universities (two in the United States and two in Canada) examined by the authors as they developed benchmarks against which to measure university technology transfer and commercialization (TT&C) performance in other countries. While there has been a significant increase in research into university TT&C since around 1990, there remains a need to develop a coherent and broad understanding of the factors that define performance in this environment. This is not to say that fine work has not been done in certain metrics – we use some of the work by the likes of the Association of University Technology Managers (AUTM) in our analysis. But we felt that there remained a need to gain a greater understanding of the range of factors: TT&C processes; Technology Transfer Office (TTO) structure; incentives among researchers; the role of venture capital; and many others, to develop a full appreciation of what made TT&C work in some universities and, from this, to begin defining a model.

Our case studies are developed from interviews conducted at the universities and from data about the universities and their environment from a wide range of reliable sources that included interviews with venture capitalists, consultants in the TT&C field, and written data. Our case studies are of the type called ‘explanatory’ (sometimes also called ‘causal’), because they present: “…data bearing on cause-effect relationships – explaining how events happened” (Yin, 2003, p.5)1.

We have structured this chapter into five further sections. Section 2 provides background to the environment in which universities engage in TT&C and offers some definitions. Section 3 describes the role of universities in national innovation, identifies barriers facing universities participating in TT&C, and develops fourteen environmental factors likely to affect university TT&C performance. Section 4 contains the case descriptions. It discusses the North American environment and then examines the case study universities under the fourteen environmental factors identified in Section 3. Section 5 discusses the challenges facing North American universities, identifies key factors relevant to TT&C performance, and identifies some actions that universities could take to improve TT&C performance. Section 6 draws together the threads of the analysis and offers some conclusions.

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Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Alan Collier, Fang Zhao
This chapter reports on case studies of four North American universities engaged in technology transfer and commercialization. The literature and... Sample PDF
Case Studies of North American University Performance in Technology Transfer and Commercialization
$37.50
Chapter 2
Nicholas Maynard
A country’s national technology strategies can be an important contributor to economic development through its support of technology adoption and by... Sample PDF
The Evolution of ICT Institutions in Thailand and Malaysia
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Chapter 3
S. Ann Becker, Robert Keimer, Tim Muth
Small businesses are viewed as the backbone of America and integral in the recovery of any economic downturn. Creative approaches to university and... Sample PDF
A Case on University and Community Collaboration: The Sci-Tech Entrepreneurial Training Services (ETS) Program
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Chapter 4
Michael Workman
The literature on technology innovation adoption and diffusion is vast. In this chapter, we organize and summarize some of the major perspectives... Sample PDF
Technology Innovation Adoption and Diffusion: A Contrast of Perspectives
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Chapter 5
Francisco Chia Cua
The common structured procurement process of the Request for Information (RFI), Request for Proposal (RFP), and Business Case Development (BCD) is... Sample PDF
The Challenge of a Corporate Matchmaker
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Chapter 6
Brian O’Flaherty, John O’Donoghue
This case study explores the application of the Lead-user method in the development of medical applications based on Wireless Sensor Network (WSN)... Sample PDF
The Development of Emerging Medical Devices: The Lead-User Method in Practice
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Chapter 7
Roman Boutellier, Mareike Heinzen, Marta Raus
This chapter explores the concept of paradigms, science, and technology in the context of information technology (IT). Therefore, the linear model... Sample PDF
Paradigms, Science, and Technology: The Case of E-Customs
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Chapter 8
Arvind Karunakaran, Jingwen He, Sandeep Purao, Brian Cameron
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Growth Trajectories of SMEs and the Sensemaking of IT Risks: A Comparative Case Study
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Chapter 9
Suryadeo Vinay Kissoon
This chapter introduces the CTIO (Concern-Task-Interaction-Outcome) Cycle as a means of studying team member interaction using face-to-face and... Sample PDF
Use of the Concern-Task-Interaction-Outcome (CTIO) Cycle for Virtual Teamwork
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Chapter 10
Divakaran Liginlal, Lara Khansa, Jeffrey P. Landry
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Collaboration, Innovation, and Value Creation: The Case of Wikimedia’s Emergence as the Center for Collaborative Content
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Chapter 11
S. Ann Becker
This case examines the business development process for launching a social network targeting older adult caregivers many of whom have chronic health... Sample PDF
Social Networking for Distance Caregiving and Aging in Place: A Case on Web 2.0 Technologies for Virtual Support
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Chapter 12
Case "Mobile-INTEGRAL"  (pages 235-245)
L. F. Pau
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Case "Mobile-INTEGRAL"
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Chapter 13
Sherif Kamel
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The Egyptian National Post Organization Past, Present and Future: The Transformational Process Using ICT
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Chapter 14
Desai Narasimhalu
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Redefining Medical Tourism
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Chapter 15
Biswatosh Saha
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Institutional Innovation and Entrepreneurial Deployment of a Software Product: Case of Financial Technologies Group in India
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Chapter 16
Carolyn J. Fausnaugh, Mary Helen McCay
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