The Changing Face of Leadership: The Influence of Information Technology

The Changing Face of Leadership: The Influence of Information Technology

Walter O. Einstein (University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth, USA) and John H. Humphreys (Eastern New Mexico University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-930708-32-7.ch001
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Abstract

In this Chapter’s beginning, we introduce the degree to which emerging information technologies have changed both the organizational context and the traditional leader-follower power relationship, and the significant challenges that have arisen from this evolution. In addition, we examine the emergence of leadership substitutes, such as teams, that are common to many information technology work groups and discuss the kind of leader influence that appears to be warranted. Most importantly, however, we present a leader behavior model tied closely to the situational leadership paradigm. In this model, we seek to show that unique actions and behaviors are associated with four specific leadership styles. Further, the model shows leaders’ behavioral differences based upon whether they do or do not possess rational legal authority, commonly referred to as “position power.” Most leadership discussions are limited to the descriptive nature of leadership and fail to offer specific guidance in identifying which leadership style is situational appropriate. We seek to remedy that shortcoming and take the critical next step of identifying leader behaviors that are appropriate for enhancing followers’ effort toward successful goal-directed behavior.

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Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Edward J. Szewczak , Coral R. Snodgrass
Chapter 1
Walter O. Einstein, John H. Humphreys
In this Chapter’s beginning, we introduce the degree to which emerging information technologies have changed both the organizational context and the... Sample PDF
The Changing Face of Leadership: The Influence of Information Technology
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Chapter 2
Sofiane Sahraoui
Although there has been a wide coverage in the IS literature of the alignment of IT plans with organizational plans, most studies focused on the... Sample PDF
The Social Antecedents of Business Process Planning Effectiveness
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Chapter 3
Laura Lally
This chapter provides a managerially oriented analysis of the risk factors involved as Information Technology becomes a more integral part of jobs... Sample PDF
Assessing the Risks of IT-Enabled Jobs
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Chapter 4
Huub J.M. Ruel
Office work plays an important role in Western economies, and the use of office technologies in this type of work is inextricably linked. People... Sample PDF
The Non-Technical Side of Office Technology: Managing the Clarity of the Spirit and the Appropriation of Office Technology
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Chapter 5
Dianne Willis
Email has been with us now for a long time and is being increasingly adopted as a major communication tool in UK Higher Education (HE)... Sample PDF
Computer-Mediated Communication - The Power of Email as a Driver for Changing the Communication Paradigm
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Chapter 6
Edward J. Szewczak
Personal information privacy is arguably the most important issue facing the growth and prosperity of the Internet, especially of e-commerce.... Sample PDF
Personal Information Privacy and the Internet: Issues, Challenges and Solutions
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Chapter 7
Ned Kock, Robert J. McQueen
This chapter presents a review of the organizational learning literature that points to process improvement (PI) groups as an appropriate tool for... Sample PDF
E-communication of Interdepartmental Knowledge: An Action Research Study of Process Improvement Groups
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Chapter 8
Olivia Ernst Neece
Organizational learning is an “umbrella” term that connects a variety of topics including: learning curves, organizational memory, organizational... Sample PDF
A Strategic Systems Perspective of Organizational Learning: Development of a Process Model Linking Theory and Practice
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Chapter 9
Pak Yoong, Brent Gallupe
The objectives of this chapter are to describe the nature of reflective practice and the development of reflective practice in one human aspect of... Sample PDF
GSS Facilitation: A Reflective Practitioner Perspective
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Chapter 10
Pak Yoong, Brent Gallupe
Although electronic face-to-face meetings are increasingly being used by organizations to improve the productivity of their strategic planning... Sample PDF
Using Action Learning in GSS Facilitation Training
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Chapter 11
Thekla Rura-Polley, Ellen Baker
This chapter first examines the role of collaboration and collective learning in regional and industry-wide innovation and how remote... Sample PDF
Extending Collaboration Support Systems: Making Sense in Remote Innovation
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Chapter 12
Andrew Targowski, Ali Metwali
In this millennium, global organizations will increasingly focus on the critical value of the cross-cultural communication process, efficiency... Sample PDF
The Framework for a Cross-Cultural Communication Process Efficiency and Cost in a Global Economy
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Chapter 13
Robert W. Gerulat
The purpose of this chapter is to present data and analysis from research that focused on the human side of IT. In an effort to determine the... Sample PDF
Cultural Characteristics of IT Professionals: An Ethnographic Perspective
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About the Authors