Some European Classics Teachers, moved by the same passion for Classics and together for Information and Communication Technology so that from long ago used it on teaching Classic subjects in secondary high schools, decided to assemble their own long experience in this field to disseminate Information and Communication Technology for Classics world in Europe and their particular aim has been to demonstrate the importance to insert it in classrooms work about Latin, Ancient Greek & Classic Civilizations. So in 2003 was born CIRCE Project (www.circe.eu): Classics and ICT Resource Course for Europe (of which CIRCE is the acronym); it is the result of 6 European countries partners (Belgium, Denmark, France, Greece, Italy and United Kingdom) that met and agreed to create, through three years’ work, from 2003 to 2006, 2 important products: (a) A multilingual Website (www.circe.eu) (b) A manual, translated and printed in different European languages.
What is CIRCE? It is the research of the intersection between Information and Communication Technology and Latin & Ancient Greek or Classic Civilizations, fruit of year by year studies in ICT (there is a very long list of authors) and experimentations in schools all over Europe and it could give an answer to many questions, from pedagogical to technical issues, as teachers directly involved could implement step by step their daily work with classrooms. ICT revolution did get all over in our life, in the educational world too the impact has been very important (Salomon & Perkins, 1991), transforming methodologies in teaching and approaches in learning. Computers did create a new interaction system between educational partners, teachers and learners (Jonassen, 1995). So traditional educational systems all over Europe have been changed and innovated in recent years so quickly through Information and Communication Technology (Calvani, 2000). The life of Classic Languages & Cultures has been unchanged a very long time because there were matters left too long apart from technological progress and the problem was due to the secular unchanged transmission of contents, generation by generation, going exclusively round the paper books through three phases of work: reading, translating, and studying to memory. In this chapter, we cannot write all of the history of ICT development in educational world of course, but we will cite some representative articles.
Morgan (1999) in Derby Grammar School did implement ICT in his teacher work about Ancient Greek. His purpose was to stimulate and improve students’ learning. This experience such as other CIRCE partners works and studies want to show what and how in Classics teaching too Information and Communication Technology can completely be used by all Classics Teachers. Midoro, Olimpo, and Persico (1996) did show in their studies the important evolution of teacher role and student profile in this scenario, as perfectly described and analyzed by many of other ICT and Didactics specialists, such as Calvani (1994, 1995, 1998), Kumar and Smart (2004), Taylor (1980), Varani (2002), and Varisco (1998), citing some of them.
After we have considered these details, we hope that CIRCE Manual (4 Chapters, 109 pages) and CIRCE Web site can be time by time a “compendium” of all theories and practices in ICT & classics.
Key Terms in this Chapter
New Teacher Role: New profile of teachers who decided to use ICT in their classroom work or in computer room (cfr. CIRCE Manual).
Lesson Plans: Specific didactic units in which all CIRCE teachers used ICT on Classics (cfr. CIRCE Website).
Integration of ICT: The most important issue noted by teachers in all ICT discussions, that is, how can we integrate or insert correctly and in useful way ICT in our work? (cfr. CIRCE Manual).
Innovative Educational Methodologies: CIRCE offers a big panorama of many possibilities to apply as innovative methodologies for teachers/students (cfr. CIRCE Manual).
CIRCE: Acronym for Classics and ICT Resource Course for Europe (www.circe.eu).
Best Practice: The selection of real experiences that CIRCE considered as a good sample in this field (cfr. CIRCE Manual).