Both the production and use of ICT are unevenly distributed across countries and regions. While this is typical of emerging and fast evolving technologies, there are particularly significant spatial differences in the patterns of ICT production. Traditional explanations for these differences include distinct factor endowments, technologies and policies. Regions with originally similar characteristics may develop in very different directions. Hence, the locational patterns of ICT cannot be explained in terms of factor endowments and policy regimes only (Barrow, 2001).