Comb-Based Filters for Sampling Rate Conversion

Comb-Based Filters for Sampling Rate Conversion

Ljiljana Milic (Mihajlo Pupin Institute, Servia)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-178-0.ch011
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Abstract

Comb filters are developed from the structures based on the moving average (boxcar) filter. The combbased filter has unity-valued coefficients and, therefore, can be implemented without multipliers. This filter class can operate at high frequencies and is suitable for a single-chip VLSI implementation. The main applications are in communication systems such as software radio and satellite communications. In this chapter, we introduce first the concept of the basic comb filter and discuss its properties. Then, we present the structures of the comb-based decimators and interpolators, discuss the corresponding frequency responses, and demonstrate the overall two-stage decimator constructed as the cascade of a comb decimator and an FIR decimator. In the next section, we expose the application of the polyphase implementation structure, which is aimed to reduce the power dissipation. We consider techniques for sharpening the original comb filter magnitude response and emphasize an approach that modifies the filter transfer function in a manner to provide a sharpened filter operating at the lowest possible sampling rate. Finally, we give a brief presentation of the modified comb filter based on the zero-rotation approach. Chapter concludes with several MATLAB Exercises for the individual study. The reference list at the end of the chapter includes the topics of interest for further research.

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Foreword
Miroslav D. Lutovac
Acknowledgment
Ljiljana Milic
Chapter 1
Ljiljana Milic
This chapter is a concise review of time-domain and transform-domain representations of single-rate discrete-time signals and systems. We consider... Sample PDF
Single-Rate Discrete-Time Signals and Systems: Background Review
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Chapter 2
Ljiljana Milic
Linear time-invariant systems operate at a single sampling rate i.e. the sampling rate is the same at the input and at the output of the system, and... Sample PDF
Basics to Multirate Systems
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Chapter 3
Ljiljana Milic
The role of filtering in sampling-rate conversion has been considered in Chapter II. The importance of filtering arises from the fact that the... Sample PDF
Filters in Multirate Systems
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Chapter 4
Ljiljana Milic
The role of filters in sampling-rate conversion process has been discussed in Chapters II and III. Filters are used to suppress aliasing in... Sample PDF
FIR Filters for Sampling Rate Conversion
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Chapter 5
Ljiljana Milic
Infinite impulse response (IIR) filters are used in applications where the computational efficiency is the highest priority. It is well known that... Sample PDF
IIR Filters to Sampling Rate Conversion
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Chapter 6
Ljiljana Milic
We have discussed so far the decimation and interpolation where the sampling rate conversion factor is an integer. However, the need for a... Sample PDF
Sampling Rate Converison by a Fractional Factor
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Chapter 7
Lth-Band Digital Filters  (pages 206-241)
Ljiljana Milic
Digital Lth-band FIR and IIR filters are the special classes of digital filters, which are of particular interest both in single-rate and multirate... Sample PDF
Lth-Band Digital Filters
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Chapter 8
Ljiljana Milic
Digital filters with complementary characteristics find many applications in practice. In this chapter, we concentrate on the properties and... Sample PDF
Complementary Filter Pairs
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Chapter 9
Ljiljana Milic
Digital filters with sharp transition bands are difficult, sometimes impossible, to be implemented using single-stage structures. A serious problem... Sample PDF
Multirate Techniques in Filter Design and Implementation
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Chapter 10
Ljiljana Milic
The initial concept of the frequency-response masking technique was introduced by Neuvo, Cheng-Yu and Mitra (1984). It was shown that the complexity... Sample PDF
Frequency-Reponse Masking Techniques
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Chapter 11
Ljiljana Milic
Comb filters are developed from the structures based on the moving average (boxcar) filter. The combbased filter has unity-valued coefficients and... Sample PDF
Comb-Based Filters for Sampling Rate Conversion
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Chapter 12
Ljiljana Milic
The purpose of this chapter is to illustrate by means of examples the construction of the analysis and synthesis filter banks with the use of FIR... Sample PDF
Examples of Multirate Filter Banks
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Appendix A
About the Author