E-Commerce Background

E-Commerce Background

Mahmud Akhter Shareef (Carleton University, Canada), Yogesh K. Dwivedi (Swansea University, UK), Michael D. Williams (Swansea University, UK) and Nitish Singh (Boeing Institute of International Business at St. Louis University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-412-5.ch002
OnDemand PDF Download:
$37.50

Abstract

Electricity, telecommunication, integrated circuits, networking, and the Internet fostered a revolution by delivering distinctive services. The power of the net lies in restructuring the global economy to benefit consumers, businesses, society, and civilization. In general sense, electronic economy is considered to have three primary components--supporting infrastructure, electronic processes (how it is conducted), and electronic commerce transactions (buying and selling). This chapter deals with the introductory concepts of B2C EC and its related issues in the global context. It describes introduction to EC and evolution of one of the basic components of EC, that is, the Internet. Then this chapter sheds light on definition, proliferation, adoption, globalization, and management issues related to B2C EC. This chapter also explains the basic concepts of M-Commerce and E-Government (EG) as the related issues.
Chapter Preview
Top

2.2. Evolution Of The Internet

We can get insight of the evolution of the Internet from different WWW websites. Summarizing this history, we can say that in 1957, the ex-Soviet Union launched the first satellite, Sputnik I. It expedited U.S. military to create the DARPA agency to regain the technological lead. Information Processing Techniques Office (IPTO) funded the research that led to the development of the ARPANET - Advanced Research Projects Agency. Some people in the IPTO considered the potential benefits of a countrywide communications network and launched the network architecture, and based it on the new idea of packet switching. The ARPANET was initiated first in October 1969, with communications between the University of California at Los Angeles and the Stanford Research Institute. ARPANET adopted the Network Control Program as the network protocol. From 1983, TCP/IP protocol was adopted instead of the previous one, which is still now used for networking. In 1990, the National Science Foundation took over management of what was then called the NSFNet and significantly expanded its periphery by connecting it to the CSNET in Universities throughout North America, and later to the EUnet throughout research facilities in Europe. Observing the extensive use and prospective future of the Internet, the U.S. Government prompted to take initiatives to privatize it starting in 1995. Before that, in 1992, WWW (World Wide Web) started its revolutionary inception in the world market. This is the precise evolution history of the Internet.

Complete Chapter List

Search this Book:
Reset
Dedication
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams
Table of Contents
Foreword
Mohini Singh
Acknowledgment
Chapter 1
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
The growth, integration, and sophistication of ICT are changing our society and economy. The emergence of the Internet as a general communication... Sample PDF
Introduction to E-Commerce
$37.50
Chapter 2
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
Electricity, telecommunication, integrated circuits, networking, and the Internet fostered a revolution by delivering distinctive services. The... Sample PDF
E-Commerce Background
$37.50
Chapter 3
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
Customers’ perception and expectation of service quality dimensions for any field, whereas it is traditional commerce or EC, has a close relation... Sample PDF
Service Quality of E-Commerce for Global Consumers
$37.50
Chapter 4
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
Since Internet is the primary driving force of E-Commerce (EC), it has global phenomena. Consequently, Internet market is diffusing from the west to... Sample PDF
Global Quality Management Practice for E-Commerce
$37.50
Chapter 5
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
As we have already mentioned in the Preface of this book, mentioning EC in this chapter will signify and mean B2C EC unless it is mentioned... Sample PDF
E-Commerce Diffusion: Critical Factors Affecting Diffusion of E-Commerce
$37.50
Chapter 6
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
Based on the theoretical framework revealed in Chapter V, this chapter is intended to investigate the country-specific roles of governments, private... Sample PDF
Diffusion of E-Commerce in Developed and Developing Countries: Comparative Studies
$37.50
Chapter 7
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
This chapter is aimed to provide a fundamental conceptual framework for adoption of EC by the consumers of developing countries. Through extensive... Sample PDF
E-Commerce Adoption in Developing Countries
$37.50
Chapter 8
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
This chapter examines the influence of some relevant factors on the acceptance of internet and E-Business technologies in Maritime Canada’s SMEs... Sample PDF
Influencing Factors and the Acceptance of Internet and E-Business Technologies in Maritime Canada's SMEs: An Analysis
$37.50
Chapter 9
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
Information and communication technology (ICT) is the prime driving force of Internet economy. Therefore, before implementing E-Commerce (EC) and... Sample PDF
Effect of Proliferation and Resistance of Internet Economy: Understanding Impact of Information and Communication Technology in Developing Countries
$37.50
Chapter 10
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
This current conceptual study reviews the literature of globalization and EC, and reveals three independent variables that help to determine... Sample PDF
Globalization and Relevant Strategy for E-Commerce
$37.50
Chapter 11
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
As global e-commerce is expanding and the global online marketplace is becoming more lucrative for marketers, there is a surge in proliferation of... Sample PDF
Culturally Customizing International Web Sites
$37.50
Chapter 12
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
For the last two decades, companies have been increasingly operating in many foreign markets. Serving local consumers effectively and thus achieving... Sample PDF
A Cultural Perspective on Web Site Localization
$37.50
Chapter 13
Mahmud Akhter Shareef, Yogesh K. Dwivedi, Michael D. Williams, Nitish Singh
The explosive proliferation of Internet users has led to dramatic shifts in the methodology of conducting business and the business paradigms.... Sample PDF
Conclusion, Implications, and Future Trends
$37.50
About the Authors