Content Integration in Games-Based Learning Systems

Content Integration in Games-Based Learning Systems

Marco A. Gómez-Martín (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain), Pedro P. Gómez-Martín (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain) and Pedro A. González-Calero (Universidad Complutense de Madrid, Spain)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-360-9.ch005
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Abstract

A key challenge to move forward the state of the art in games-based learning systems is to facilitate instructional content creation by the domain experts. Several decades of research on computer aided instruction have demonstrated that the expert has to be deeply involved in the content creation process, and that is why so much effort has been devoted to building authoring tools of all kinds. However, using videogame technology to support computer aided instruction poses some new challenges on expertfriendly authoring tools, related to technical and cost issues. In this chapter the authors present the state of the art in content creation for games-based learning systems, identifying the main challenges to make this technology cost-effective from the content creation point of view.
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Content Creation In Videogames

Video game content may be divided roughly in two different groups: assets and behaviours. The term assets usually denotes those elements that go into a game, such as the artwork (textures and 3D models), sound effects, music, and, generally speaking, every object that is presented to the user. On the other hand, the way in which the objects behave constitutes the second kind of content and is sometimes referred to as dynamic content. Both kinds of content are usually handmade, therefore their cost constitutes an important part of the game budget. To compound matters, the situation is getting harder, because of the ever growing hardware capabilities that allow video games to present more and more objects with higher resolutions, and therefore requires more and more people involved in the creation of all this content.

The creation of assets involves artists using tools such as 3D StudioTM, MayaTM and PhotoshopTM to generate 3D models and textures. Depending on the game, the amount of this content varies from just a few models to several Gigabytes of stored files (Gillen 2005). In order to alleviate the cost, some effort has been made to create algorithms that build part of them procedurally. Procedural content generation was used by early games as the only way to fit vast amounts of data onto the small mediums available at that time. Nowadays the goal is not just to save disk space but also man power and therefore budget. Examples of assets procedurally generated are textures, terrains or trees; recent developments like Spore are also exploring dynamically generated animations, and Diablo III, Hellgate: London or Borderlands have random level generation.

On the other side, behaviours constitute the dynamic part of the game, because they define what players can do with the objects in the environment and how they react to their actions. These behaviours are usually created by AI and script programmers.

Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Foreword
Kurt Squire
Preface
Thomas Connolly, Mark Stansfield, Liz Boyle
Chapter 1
Stephen Tang, Martin Hanneghan, Abdennour El Rhalibi
Games-based learning takes advantage of gaming technologies to create a fun, motivating, and interactive virtual learning environment that promotes... Sample PDF
Introduction to Games-Based Learning
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Chapter 2
Nicola Whitton
This chapter examines the rationale for the use of computer games in learning, teaching, and assessment in Higher Education. It considers their... Sample PDF
Learning and Teaching with Computer Games in Higher Education
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Chapter 3
Daniel Livingstone, Jeremy Kemp, Edmund Edgar, Chris Surridge, Peter Bloomfield
Alongside the growth of interest in Games-Based Learning, there has been a notable explosion of interest in the use of 3D graphical multi-user... Sample PDF
Multi-User Virtual Environments for Learning Meet Learning Management
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Chapter 4
Jean-Charles Marty, Thibault Carron, Jean-Mathias Heraud
In this chapter, the authors propose a Game-Based LMS called the pedagogical dungeon equipped with cooperation abilities for particular activities.... Sample PDF
Observation as a Requisite for Game-Based Learning Environments
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Chapter 5
Marco A. Gómez-Martín, Pedro P. Gómez-Martín, Pedro A. González-Calero
A key challenge to move forward the state of the art in games-based learning systems is to facilitate instructional content creation by the domain... Sample PDF
Content Integration in Games-Based Learning Systems
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Chapter 6
Matt Seeney, Helen Routledge
One of the most important differentiators between Commercial Games and Serious Games is content; delivered in a way that is successfully integrated... Sample PDF
Drawing Circles in the Sand: Integrating Content into Serious Games
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Chapter 7
Mark McMahon
This chapter proposes a document-oriented instructional design model to inform the development of serious games. The model has key features in that... Sample PDF
The DODDEL Model: A Flexible Document-Oriented Model for the Design of Serious Games
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Chapter 8
Daniel Burgos, Christof van Nimwegen
Serious games are suitable for learning. They are a good environment for improving the learning experience. As a key part of this setting, feedback... Sample PDF
Games-Based Learning, Destination Feedback and Adaptation: A Case Study of an Educational Planning Simulation
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Chapter 9
Patrick Felicia, Ian Pitt
For a long time, users’ emotions and behaviours have been considered to obstruct rather than to help the cognitive process. Educational systems have... Sample PDF
Profiling Users in Educational Games
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Chapter 10
Marco Greco
The use of Role-Playing is becoming prominent in Serious Games due to its positive effects on learning. In this chapter the author will provide a... Sample PDF
The Use of Role–Playing in Learning
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Chapter 11
Sanna-Mari Tikka, Marja Kankaanranta, Tuula Nousiainen, Mari Hankala
In the context of computer games, learning is an inherent feature of computer game playing. Computer games can be seen as multimodal texts that... Sample PDF
Telling Stories with Digital Board Games: Narrative Game Worlds in Literacies Learning
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Chapter 12
Colin Price
The power of computer game technology is currently being harnessed to produce “serious games”. These “games” are targeted at the education and... Sample PDF
The Path between Pedagogy and Technology: Establishing a Theoretical Basis for the Development of Educational Game Environments
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Chapter 13
Sara de Freitas, Steve Jarvis
This chapter reviews some of the key research supporting the use of serious games for training in work contexts. The review indicates why serious... Sample PDF
Towards a Development Approach to Serious Games
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Chapter 14
Pieter Wouters, Erik D. van der Spek, Herre van Oostendorp
Despite scant empirical substantiation, serious games are in widespread use. The authors review 28 studies with empirical data from a learning... Sample PDF
Current Practices in Serious Game Research: A Review from a Learning Outcomes Perspective
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Chapter 15
Thomas Connolly, Mark Stansfield, Thomas Hainey
The field of games-based learning (GBL) has a dearth of empirical evidence supporting the validity of the approach (Connolly, Stansfield, & Hainey... Sample PDF
Towards the Development of a Games-Based Learning Evaluation Framework
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Chapter 16
Helen Routledge
Based on real-world experiences using a variety of digital games, this chapter presents a guide for teachers on how to use games-based learning in... Sample PDF
Games-Based Learning in the Classroom and How it can Work!
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Chapter 17
Elizabeth A. Boyle, Thomas Connolly
Developing educational computer games that will appeal to both males and females adds an additional level of complexity to an already complicated... Sample PDF
Games for Learning: Does Gender Make a Difference?
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Chapter 18
Maria Saridaki, Dimitris Gouscos, Michael G. Meimaris
Students with Intellectual Disability (ID) are often described as “slow learners” and cannot easily integrate to the normal curriculum. Still, the... Sample PDF
Digital Games-Based Learning for Students with Intellectual Disability
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About the Contributors