Convergence or Divergence? Web Usage in the Workplace in Nigeria, Malaysia, and the United States

Convergence or Divergence? Web Usage in the Workplace in Nigeria, Malaysia, and the United States

Claire A. Simmers (Saint Joseph’s University, USA) and Murugan Anandarajan (Drexel University, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-148-3.ch009
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Abstract

This study sets out to examine whether employee web usage patterns, attitudes toward web usage in the workplace, and organizational policies are more similar (convergence thesis) or less similar (divergence thesis) in three countries: Nigeria (n = 224), Malaysia (n = 107), and the United States (n = 334). Our results show general support for the divergence thesis. We found strong differences in employee usage patterns by country, even after controlling for differences in several demographic variables. However, there is less support for the divergence thesis in attitudes and organizational policies. In half of the eight indicators of employee attitudes, there were no differences among the three countries. Agreement that personal web usage at work is acceptable behavior is widespread. Other common perceptions are that companies tolerate personal web searches and that Internet usage policies are not enforced.

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