The word “convergence” refers to the combination of fixed and mobile communication, a situation where a private or business user can take advantage of being constantly connected and be able to retrieve applications and data by swapping device, with the limitations that a mobile device may have such as smaller screen and keyboard, reduced storage capability, and limited power provided by batteries. Convergence can also include imagining how mobile technology can be a component of everyday items and how data, applications, and services can be delivered via the network infrastructure. This chapter aims to cover RFID technology, Bar code and Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA): the first two technologies are dealt with in parallel to provide an overall view of advantages and disadvantages, while SOA will be part of a distinct discussion and analysis. Eventually, some practical examples of these discussed technologies are provided.
RFID and Bar code are two emerging mobile technologies able to provide competitive strategic advantage to business when properly deployed and implemented. As extension of current fixed network infrastructure, the coordination with existing business processes, department and organizational structure are an essential part of rewarding implementation. The development of SOA environment can further enhance the capability and possible outcome of RFID and Bar code. The chapter outlines advantages and disadvantages for both of them, providing examples of how they co-exist and how they can create value.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Semantic Web: An evolving extension of the World Wide Web in which the semantics of information and services on the web is defined, making it possible for the web to understand and satisfy the requests of people and machines to use the web content.
Service-Oriented Architecture (SOA): A software architecture where functionality is grouped around business processes and packaged as interoperable services.
Bar Code (also bar code): A machine-readable representation of information (usually dark ink on a light background to create high and low reflectance which is converted to 1s and 0s).
Service Oriented Network Architecture: Emerging technology based on network infrastructure particular set up which is similar to Service oriented architecture but based on a different approach.
Radio-Frequency Identification (RFID): An automatic identification method, relying on storing and remotely retrieving data using devices called RFID tags or transponders.
Open Systems Interconnection Basic Reference Model (OSI Reference Model or OSI Model): An abstract description for layered communications and computer network protocol design.