The chapter begins with an examination of the sections of copyright law that impact electronic resource management, and reviews the various laws that have been enacted in recent years to attempt to delineate appropriate uses of information in the electronic environment. In section two, the impact of copyright is discussed in relation to particular types of electronic resources. The unique characteristics and challenges inherent in both access and format are discussed. Section three reports on responses to a series of interview questions the authors posed to librarians working in a wide variety and type of libraries. The goal was to elicit information about how librarians are managing to implement copyright law in the daily reality of their increasingly electronic environments.