Creative Class Theory and Economic Performance in UK Cities

Creative Class Theory and Economic Performance in UK Cities

Max Nathan (Centre for Cities, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-838-3.ch005
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Richard Florida’s ‘creative class’ theory suggests that diverse, tolerant, ‘cool’ cities will outperform others. Ethnic minorities, gay people, and counter-culturalists attract high-skilled professionals: the presence of this ‘creative class’ ensures cities get the best jobs and most dynamic companies. This chapter examines Florida’s ideas, focusing on the evidence in British cities. Drawing on previously published work, it first tests the Florida model on a set of British cities, finding weak support for the creative class hypothesis. It then examines this hypothesis in detail. It finds little evidence of a creative class, and little evidence that ‘creative’ cities do better. The chapter concludes that the creative class model is a poor predictor of UK city performance. There is other, stronger evidence that diversity, creativity, talent, and ‘quality of place’ are linked to urban economic growth. Further research is required before either can be fully integrated into policy.

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Tan Yigitcanlar, Koray Velibeyoglu, Scott Baum
Table of Contents
Robert J. Stimson
Tan Yigitcanlar, Koray Velibeyoglu, Scott Baum
Chapter 1
Phil Heywood
Knowledge-based urban development in metropolitan regions can help shape the social and physical renewal required to respond to current rapid... Sample PDF
The Place of Knowledge-Based Development in the Metropolitan Region
Chapter 2
Ahmed Driouchi
The production and use of knowledge are intended to be benefiting from the economies of scale provided by urban agglomerations that often refer to... Sample PDF
Urbanization, Knowledge and Competitiveness in Developing Economies
Chapter 3
Cristina Martinez-Fernandez, Samantha Sharpe
Recent studies have shown that universities and similar public sector research institutions differ in their relationships with user organizations... Sample PDF
Intellectual Assets and Knowledge Vitality in Urban Regions: The Role of Universities
Chapter 4
Katariina Ala-Rämi
Software product development requires connecting of specialized information and know-how. Therefore, planning and production are widely done in... Sample PDF
Social Networking and Knowledge Transfer in Collaborative Product Development
Chapter 5
Max Nathan
Richard Florida’s ‘creative class’ theory suggests that diverse, tolerant, ‘cool’ cities will outperform others. Ethnic minorities, gay people, and... Sample PDF
Creative Class Theory and Economic Performance in UK Cities
Chapter 6
Nicholas C. Maynard
This study reviews the literature of the available research to develop a policy framework for understanding the key decisions facing municipal... Sample PDF
Municipal ICT Policy Goals and Technology Choices: A Decision Framework
Chapter 7
Rodrigo J. Firmino
Planners and planning departments are increasingly losing their importance within contemporary public administration, as exaggerated reliance on... Sample PDF
(Re)thinking Urban Planning: Urban Technology and Planning in São Paulo
Chapter 8
Scott Baum, Tan Yigitcanlar, Arun Mahizhnan, Narayanan Andiappan
A key component of the knowledge society and the urban form that accompanies it is the increasing importance of information and communication... Sample PDF
E-Government in the Knowledge Society: The Case of Singapore
Chapter 9
Tommi Inkinen
This chapter discusses a local effort to generate a citizen-centered knowledge society. The empirical evidence is from the city of Tampere, Finland.... Sample PDF
Challenges to Digital Governance: Perspectives on E-Inclusion in Tampere, Finland
Chapter 10
Richard L. O’Bryant
The presence of information and communication technologies, in particular the Internet, has the potential to be leveraged to address some of... Sample PDF
ICT as a Public Good: Community Building and Expanding U.S. Self-Sufficiency Policy
Chapter 11
Tan Yigitcanlar, Omur Saygin, Jung Hoon Han
Particularly in the last decade, there have been a number of efforts to develop and then integrate planning support systems into existing geographic... Sample PDF
Online Participatory Decision Support Tools for Knowledge-Based Urban Development
Chapter 12
Guido Vonk, Stan Geertman
Planning support systems are geo-information-based tools to support those involved in planning tasks. Many see planning support systems capable of... Sample PDF
Knowledge-Based Planning Using Planning Support Systems: Practice-Oriented Lessons
Chapter 13
Tschangho John Kim
Ubiquitous cities, or U-cities, are defined as places where public and private services can be delivered and received anywhere and at anytime. The... Sample PDF
Planning for Knowledge Cities in Ubiquitous Technology Spaces: Opportunities and Challenges
Chapter 14
Sumeeta Srinivasan, Peter Rogers, Sudarsanam Padam
In 1996, Srinivasan surveyed the use of the Web as a dissemination tool by Indian government agencies and found that there was little Web-based... Sample PDF
E-Sevan in Hyderabad, India: Implications for Data Sharing Amongst Planning Agencies
Chapter 15
Koray Velibeyoglu, Tan Yigitcanlar
Marmara region’s local governments in Turkey are setting the benchmark for the country in the implementation of spatial information systems and... Sample PDF
Understanding the Supply Side: ICT Experience of Marmara Region, Turkey
Chapter 16
Feral Geçer, Adile Arslan Avar, Koray Velibeyoglu, Ömür Saygin
Now with the intensive use of information and communication technologies, many cities around the world are competing to become a global city.... Sample PDF
Spatial Transformations in Istanbul CBD: The Role of ICT?
Chapter 17
Da-Mi Maeng, Zorica Nedovic-Budic
Information and communication technologies, and the Internet as one of their most prominent uses, are adopted on a massive scale around the globe.... Sample PDF
Spatial Distribution of ICT in the Washington, DC Metropolitan Region
Zorica Nedovic-Budic
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