Critical Success Factors of ERP Implementation

Critical Success Factors of ERP Implementation

Leopoldo E. Colmenares (University Simon Bolivar, Venezuela) and Jim O. Otieno (Middlesex University, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-933-5.ch063
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Abstract

An enterprise resource planning (ERP) system is an integrated set of programs that provides support for core organizational activities, such as manufacturing and logistics, finance and accounting, sales and marketing, and human resources. An ERP system helps the different parts of an organization share data and knowledge, reduce costs, and improve management of business processes. In spite of their benefits, many ERP systems fail (Stratman & Roth, 1999). Implementing an ERP system is a major undertaking. About 90% of ERP implementations are late or over budget (Martin, 1998), and the success rate of ERP systems implementation is only about 33% (Zhang et al., 2003).

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