Crowdfunding to improve Environmental Projects’ Logistics

Crowdfunding to improve Environmental Projects’ Logistics

Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti (Juarez City University, México), Sandra Bustillos (Juarez City University, Mexico), Yarira Reyes (Juarez City University, Mexico), Alessandra Tagliarducci-Tcherassi (Universitá Della Sapienza, Italy) and Rubén Jaramillo (LAPEM/CIATEC, Mexico)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-0297-7.ch011
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Evolve computing is the generic name given to the resolution of computational problems, based in models of an evolutionary process. Most evolutionary algorithms propose biological paradigms, and concepts of natural selection, mutation, and reproduction. Nevertheless other paradigms exist which can be adopted in the creation of evolutionary algorithms. Many problems involve environments not structured which can be solved from the perspective of cultural paradigms, which offer plenty of category models where one does not know the possible solutions of a problem, a common situation in real life. This research analyzed the organization of a project using a Crowdfunding Model, supporting to social networking. Sociological research shows that Crowdfunding tends to reveal a bias toward social similarity. Therefore, in order to model this Project supported with Crowdfunding, the authors developed an Agent-Based Model that already manages the social interaction, together with featuring information of issues in different habitats and evolutionary belief spaces. To introduce these theoretical concepts Cultural Algorithms were used in the approach, explaining the process in detail. In recent decades, in all World supporting Environmental Projects evolved from its traditional form of swapping issues with another friend’s and stashing those involving too many people from diverse countries all dedicated to conservation of habitats, Natural Reserve or National Parks.
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“Hide you very well, tries to escape but do not allow that the humans know that you exist, since people never imagined to somebody like you!!! ;) - - Jeanne Raherilalao, discoverer of new bird specie in Madagascar


1. Introduction

Any specie of plant or animal, when exhibited in a zoo or nature reserve and while it is it pending, leaves its quality of recognizable and usable issue in the scope of a certain culture, to constitute itself in substituted of something different from itself, which this issue, by means of its exhibition, updates or represents a specific environmental habitat. By virtue of this characteristic the task of the coordinator of a zoo or nature reserve takes shape: to offer objects to the perception of the visitors so that these construct something that extends to the issue which they are seeing, but that it is what that issue represents or it means (or what the Zoological specialist tries that represents or means) due to being exhibited.

That is to say, due to being exhibited (and, in this sense, it happens the same if is exhibited it in the habitat of a zoo or the show in a garden of a private collection), happens to be a semiotic object (for example, a specific endemic issue that lives in a detailed habitat in certain community with determine climate, Siberian Taiga for example, to cover itself) to acquire the effectiveness of a substituent semiotics, (in the same example, the Zebras or heard of Ñu exhibited in a private collection like representation of a type of endemic habitat, a ecological field, a style of specific zoo, in others, or like identifier of a certain community related with the protection of animals).

On the opposite and as soon as they are originally substituent’s semiotics, we excluded from this analysis the issues pertaining to rarely species, threaded or endangered because excessive hunting (Hawaiian Crow, Wyoming Toad, Socorro Dove, Red-tailed Black Shark, Scimitar Oryx or Catarina Pupfish). To all of them one perceives them, originally, as propose visual destined to give account of something different from themselves, irrespective of whether they are or not in an exhibition situation. When they get to be exhibited, as much in the great collections of Zoos with specific habitats like in the Sultanate Brunei’s Zoo or Nouvélle Caledónie Zoo where is possible see new birds discovered in this Century as: Black-capped Woodnymph, Rio Orinoco Spinetail, South Hills Crossbill, Rock Tapaculo, Limestone Leaf Warbler, Socotra Buzzrad, Fenwick´s Antipitta, Willard’s Sooty Boubou and, Mentocrex beankaensis; they act as a metasemiotic whose problematic it is different from that we are considering here and in that we do not take part, at the moment.

The responsible from a Zoo of an animal exhibition, composed by those semiotic issues that are transformed into substituent’s semiotics like effect of their exhibition in a Natural reserve or zoo, will have to consider, anticipating it, an approach to how that issue can be perceived, how its proposal can be interpreted for the visitors according to different habitats. For it will be fundamental that it considers what the visitors know on that issue, to ratify or to modify or to contradict this ecological knowledge.

This exposition of different scenarios with animals in their habitats is the one that allows to affirm, as previous instance to the design and accomplishment of an animal exhibition, the necessity to identify, through public studies, the mental and symbolic processes of the social subjects regarding the type of issues that are going to be, to recover the interpretative modalities, are these zoological, decorative, scientists, aesthetic, or conventionally daily who are applied to them and who circulate in their community at the time of the natural exhibition.

The visitor of the Zoo, Natural Reserve, National Park or Private Animal Collection is with a physical space in which different options with respect to their possibility from perception and interpretation of a determined issue or set of issues (by brevity set out to him, we will in future talk about only “issue”, understanding that he also includes himself, if so it is the case, to “set of issues”). It happens through the diverse relations that tie to that issue with the context in which is exhibited and with which are constructed the diverse communicative proposals. The context of an issue in an exhibition will be constituted by each one, and it’s unfolding, of the iconic organizations, indicates and symbolic perceptible simultaneous or sequentially with the perception of the own issue.

Between the relational possibilities of an issue with its context we can identify, attempt and exploratory, some that come from the following scopes:

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, Camelia Chira, Miguel Basurto
Chapter 1
Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, Nemesio Castillo, Wilebaldo Martínez, Socorro Velázquez
The optimization problems have been widely attacked in the area of evolutionary computation, this has been due mainly to the kindness they have... Sample PDF
Logistics Applied to Improve Bottling Water Distribution
Chapter 2
Julio Cesar Ponce Gallegos, Fatima Sayuri Quezada Aguilera, José Alberto Hernandez Aguilar, Christian José Correa Villalón
The contribution of this chapter is to present an approach to explain the Ant Colony System applied on the Waste Collection Problem, because waste... Sample PDF
Logistics for the Garbage Collection through the use of Ant Colony Algorithms
Chapter 3
Marco Antonio Cruz-Chávez, Abelardo Rodríguez-León, Rafael Rivera-López, Fredy Juárez-Pérez, Carmen Peralta-Abarca, Alina Martínez-Oropeza
Around the world there have recently been new and more powerful computing platforms created that can be used to work with computer science problems.... Sample PDF
Grid Platform Applied to the Vehicle Routing Problem with Time Windows for the Distribution of Products
Chapter 4
María Dolores Torres, Aurora Torres Soto, Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, Eunice E. Ponce de León Sentí, Elva Díaz Díaz, Cristina Juárez Landín, César Eduardo Velázquez Amador
This chapter presents the implementation of a Genetic Algorithm into a framework for machine learning that deals with the problem of identifying the... Sample PDF
Hybrid Algorithm Applied to the Identification of Risk Factors on the Health of Newly Born in Mexico
Chapter 5
Sergio Enríquez Aranda, Eunice E. Ponce de León Sentí, Elva Díaz Díaz, Alejandro Padilla Díaz, María Dolores Torres Soto, Aurora Torres Soto, Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti
In this chapter a hybrid algorithm is constructed, implemented and tested for the optimization of graph drawing employing a multiobjective approach.... Sample PDF
An Evolutionary Algorithm for Graph Drawing with a Multiobjective Approach
Chapter 6
Francisco Luna, Julio César Martínez Romo, Miguel Mora-González, Evelia Martínez-Cano, Valentín López Rivas
This chapter presents the use of multi-objective optimization for on-line automatic verification of handwritten signatures; as discriminating... Sample PDF
Handwritten Signature Verification Using Multi Objective Optimization with Genetic Algorithms in a Forensic Architecture
Chapter 7
Rodolfo A.Pazos R., Ernesto Ong C., Héctor Fraire H., Laura Cruz R., José A.Martínez F.
The theory of NP-completeness provides a method for telling whether a decision/optimization problem is “easy” (i.e., it belongs to the P class) or... Sample PDF
Looking for Reverse Transformations between NP-Complete Problems
Chapter 8
Claudia Gómez Santillán, Laura Cruz Reyes, María Lucila Morales Rodríguez, Juan Javier González Barbosa, Oscar Castillo López, Gilberto Rivera Zarate, Paula Hernández
The Vehicle Routing Problem (VRP) is a key to the efficient transportation management and supply-chain coordination. VRP research has often been too... Sample PDF
Variants of VRP to Optimize Logistics Management Problems
Chapter 9
Laura Cruz Reyes, Claudia Gómez Santillán, Marcela Quiroz, Adriana Alvim, Patricia Melin, Jorge Ruiz Vanoye, Vanesa Landero Najera
This chapter approaches the Truck Loading Problem, which is formulated as a rich problem with the classic one dimensional Bin Packing Problem (BPP)... Sample PDF
Heuristic Algorithms: An Application to the Truck Loading Problem
Chapter 10
Camelia Chira, Anca Gog
The Travelling Salesman Problem (TSP) is one of the most widely studied optimization problems due to its many applications in domains such as... Sample PDF
Recombination Operators in Permutation-Based Evolutionary Algorithms for the Travelling Salesman Problem
Chapter 11
Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, Sandra Bustillos, Yarira Reyes, Alessandra Tagliarducci-Tcherassi, Rubén Jaramillo
Evolve computing is the generic name given to the resolution of computational problems, based in models of an evolutionary process. Most... Sample PDF
Crowdfunding to improve Environmental Projects’ Logistics
Chapter 12
Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, José Martínez, Nemesio Castillo, Saúl González, Paula Hernández
Research examining the role of species bias in the Memory Alpha card market has been an emerging area of inquiry. However, empirical knowledge on... Sample PDF
Improve Card Collection from Memory Alpha using Sociolinguistics and Japanese Puzzles
Chapter 13
Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, Darwin Young, Camelia Chira, Daniel Azpeitia, Alán Calvillo
Evolve computing is a generic name given to the resolution of computational problems with base in models of an evolutionary process. Most of the... Sample PDF
Mass Media Strategies: Hybrid Approach using a Bioinspired Algorithm and Social Data Mining
Chapter 14
José Nava, Paula Hernández
Data mining is a complex process that involves the interaction of the application of human knowledge and skills and technology. This must be... Sample PDF
Optimization of a Hybrid Methodology (CRISP-DM)
Chapter 15
Rubén Jaramillo Vacio, Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, Armando Rios
This chapter describes the experimental study partial discharges (PD) activities with artificial intelligent tools. The results present different... Sample PDF
Data Mining Applications in the Electrical Industry
Chapter 16
Aidé Maldonado-Macías, Jorge Luis García-Alcaraz, Francisco Javier Marrodan Esparza, Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti
Advanced Manufacturing Technology (AMT) constitutes one of the most important resources of manufacturing companies to achieve success in an... Sample PDF
Decision Making Approaches for Advanced Manufacturing Technology Evaluation and Selection
Chapter 17
Miguel Basurto-Pensado, Carlos Alberto Ochoa Ortiz Zezzatti, Rosenberg Romero, Jesús Escobedo-Alatorre, Jessica Morales-Valladares, Arturo García-Arias, Margarita Tecpoyotl Torres
Computer science and electronics have a very big incidence in several research areas; optics and photonics are not the exception. The utilization of... Sample PDF
Optical Application improved with Logistics of Artificial Intelligent and Electronic Systems
Chapter 18
Juan Bernardo Sosa Coeto, Gustavo Urquiza Beltrán, Juan Carlos García Castrejon, Laura Lilia Castro Gómez, Marcelo Reggio
Overall performance of hydraulic submersible pump is strongly linked to its geometry, impeller speed and physical properties of the fluid to be... Sample PDF
Optimization of the Impeller and Diffuser of Hydraulic Submersible Pump using Computational Fluid Dynamics and Artificial Neural Networks
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