Curriculum and Instruction Design

Curriculum and Instruction Design

Stephan Petrina (University of British Columbia, Canada)
Copyright: © 2007 |Pages: 29
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-337-1.ch009
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Abstract

Who should design the curriculum that technology educators teach? Should curriculum be developed by governments and ministries of education? Should curriculum design be privatized and limited to commercial vendors? Should teachers design their own curriculum? Who should design the instructional materials? Should all materials be professionally designed by a vendor? As we noted in the previous chapter, technology teachers have had a century of freedom in designing and customizing their curriculum and instruction to suit themselves, their community, or the students. This had its advantages in diversity. The disadvantages, as we noted, related to the inconsistencies from school to school, even in the same district. When the teacher departed from a school, he or she typically departed with the curriculum and instructional materials. New teachers often began their first school year with little more than what they carried with them from their teacher preparation programs and student teaching experiences. One major problem was that when it came time for governments to identify priorities in the schools, technology studies was overlooked because of its incoherent curriculum. As indicated in Chapter VIII, the international trend is quickly shifting toward standards and unified curriculum in design and technology—the trend is toward a consistent scope and sequence of content for the study of technology. Common curriculum and goals along with content and performance standards are the trends. From a perspective of professional vitality and political finesse, these trends are healthy. These trends offer the potential for long-term sustainability of technology studies in the schools. Nevertheless, given that all curricula are fallible and have shortcomings, teachers will always have a need for dispositions toward, or skills and knowledge in, curriculum and instructional design.

Complete Chapter List

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Dedication
Table of Contents
Acknowledgments
Chapter 1
Stephan Petrina
A great irony in this age of information technologies is that communication skills for many people have atrophied. Students take low levels of... Sample PDF
Analyzing and Designing Technology-Based Instruction
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Chapter 2
Stephan Petrina
What is intelligence? What do we know about knowledge? Are design and technological knowledge unique? Do different types of knowledge demand... Sample PDF
Organizing Knowledge for Instruction
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Chapter 3
Stephan Petrina
We began this book by acknowledging that the mere word “technology” provokes strong emotions or feelings from the heart. Advertisers play on these... Sample PDF
Feelings, Values, Ethics and Skills
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Chapter 4
Stephan Petrina
How do we factor the variability of students into our instructional methods? All students are different, and yet there are many commonalties from... Sample PDF
Instructional Methods and Learning Styles
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Chapter 5
Stephan Petrina
One of the most used and abused approaches to technology studies in the schools is creative design and technological problem-solving. Current... Sample PDF
Creativity and Ingenuity, Design, and Problem Solving
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Chapter 6
Stephan Petrina
Why do we use technologies in technology studies? Couldn’t we teach technology in a classroom without the complex lab and workshop infrastructures... Sample PDF
Learning Theory, technology and Practice
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Chapter 7
Stephan Petrina
Why should we teach technology in the schools? What is the reason for accommodating technology in the school curriculum? Why should we have to... Sample PDF
Justifying Technology Studies
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Chapter 8
Stephan Petrina
If status of a school subject is at issue, then content, benchmarks, and standards cannot be underestimated. Of course, the question is what content... Sample PDF
Technology Content, Process, and Standards
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Chapter 9
Stephan Petrina
Who should design the curriculum that technology educators teach? Should curriculum be developed by governments and ministries of education? Should... Sample PDF
Curriculum and Instruction Design
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Chapter 10
Assessment and Evaluation  (pages 280-321)
Stephan Petrina
Some teachers view assessment as a necessary evil. Some view assessment as their only real tool of discipline and power. Still other teachers view... Sample PDF
Assessment and Evaluation
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Chapter 11
Stephan Petrina
Classroom and facilities management require more than a series of techniques. Management and safety require a philosophy. Veteran teachers who “make... Sample PDF
Classroom Management, Facilities Design and Safety
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About the Author