A Data Mining Driven Approach for Web Classification and Filtering Based on Multimodal Content Analysis
Mohamed Hammami (Faculté des Sciences de Sfax, Tunisia), Youssef Chahir (Université de Caen, France) and Liming Chen (Ecole Centrale de Lyon, France)
Copyright: © 2007
Along with the ever growing Web is the proliferation of objectionable content, such as sex, violence, racism, and so forth. We need efficient tools for classifying and filtering undesirable Web content. In this chapter, we investigate this problem through WebGuard, our automatic machine-learning-based pornographic Web site classification and filtering system. Facing the Internet more and more visual and multimedia as exemplified by pornographic Web sites, we focus here our attention on the use of skin color-related visual content-based analysis along with textual and structural content based analysis for improving pornographic Web site filtering. While the most commercial filtering products on the marketplace are mainly based on textual content-based analysis such as indicative keywords detection or manually collected black list checking, the originality of our work resides on the addition of structural and visual content-based analysis to the classical textual content-based analysis along with several major-data mining techniques for learning and classifying. Experimented on a test bed of 400 Web sites including 200 adult sites and 200 nonpornographic ones, WebGuard, our Web filtering engine scored a 96.1% classification accuracy rate when only textual and structural content based analysis are used, and 97.4% classification accuracy rate when skin color-related visual content-based analysis is driven in addition. Further experiments on a black list of 12,311 adult Web sites manually collected and classified by the French Ministry of Education showed that WebGuard scored 87.82% classification accuracy rate when using only textual and structural content-based analysis, and 95.62% classification accuracy rate when the visual content-based analysis is driven in addition. The basic framework of WebGuard can apply to other categorization problems of Web sites which combine, as most of them do today, textual and visual content.