Data Mining Medical Information: Should Artificial Neural Networks be Used to Analyze Trauma Audit Data

Data Mining Medical Information: Should Artificial Neural Networks be Used to Analyze Trauma Audit Data

Thomas Chesney (Nottingham University Business School, UK), Kay Penny (Napier University, UK), Peter Oakley (Hospital of North Staffordshire, UK), Simon Davies (Birmingham Research Park, UK), David Chesney (Freeman Hospital, UK), Nicola Maffulli (Keele University of Medicine, UK) and John Templeton (Keele University of Medicine, UK)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-690-7.ch005
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Abstract

Trauma audit is intended to develop effective care for injured patients through process and outcome analysis, and dissemination of results. The system records injury details such as the patient’s sex and age, the mechanism of the injury, various measures of the severity of the injury, initial management and subsequent management interventions, and the outcome of the treatment including whether the patient lived or died. Ten years’ worth of trauma audit data from one hospital are modelled as an Artificial Neural Network (ANN) in order to compare the results with a more traditional logistic regression analysis. The output was set to be the probability that a patient will die. The ANN models and the logistic regression model achieve roughly the same predictive accuracy, although the ANNs are more difficult to interpret than the logistic regression model, and neither logistic regression nor the ANNs are particularly good at predicting death. For these reasons, ANNs are not seen as an appropriate tool to analyse trauma audit data. Results do suggest, however, the usefulness of using both traditional and non-traditional analysis techniques together and of including as many factors in the analysis as possible.

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Chapter 1
Phillip Olla, Joseph Tan
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Chapter 2
Janice A. Osbourne, Malcolm Clarke
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Chapter 3
Vivying S.Y. Cheng, Patrick Hung
The Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA) is a set of rules to be followed by health plans, doctors, hospitals and... Sample PDF
An Overview of the HIPAA-Compliant Privacy Access Control Model
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Chapter 4
Christopher G. Reddick
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The Internet and Managing Boomers and Seniors' Health
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Chapter 5
Thomas Chesney, Kay Penny, Peter Oakley, Simon Davies, David Chesney, Nicola Maffulli, John Templeton
Trauma audit is intended to develop effective care for injured patients through process and outcome analysis, and dissemination of results. The... Sample PDF
Data Mining Medical Information: Should Artificial Neural Networks be Used to Analyze Trauma Audit Data
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Chapter 6
Steven Walczak, Bradley B. Brimhall, Jerry B. Lefkowitz
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Chapter 7
James G. Anderson, E. Andres Balas
The objective of this study was to assess the current level of information technology used by primary care physicians in the U.S. Primary care... Sample PDF
Information Technology in Primary Care Practice in the United States
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Chapter 8
Dana Schwieger, Arlyn Melcher, Ranganathan Chandreasekaran, H. Joseph Wen
Adaptive structuration theory (AST) is rapidly becoming an important theoretical paradigm for comprehending the impact of advanced information... Sample PDF
A Case Study of Health Information Systems Adoption: An Adaptive Structuration Theory Approach
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Chapter 9
Huigang Liang, Yajiong Xue, Xiaocheng Wu
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Chapter 10
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Chapter 11
Maryann Yeo, Penny A. Jennett
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Chapter 12
Marion Sobol, Edmund Prater
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Chapter 15
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Chapter 16
David Parry
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Evaluation of a Tool to Enhance Searching for Useful Medical Information on the Internet
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Chapter 17
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Chapter 18
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This study examines the effects of certifications such as JCAHO on healthcare information technology (HIT) usage in healthcare organizations and... Sample PDF
The Impact of Certification on Healthcare Information Technology Use
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Chapter 19
Nilmini Wickramasinghe, Santosh Misra, Arnold Jenkins, Douglas R. Vogel
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Chapter 20
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