A Decision Based Support System Based on GIS Technology
Vito Albino (Politecnico di Bari, Italy), Giuseppe Digregorio (Politecnico di Bari, Italy) and Guido Sechi (Politecnico di Bari, Italy)
Copyright: © 2008
The continuous increase of the national expense for the healthcare services, the necessity to adjust the performance of the service of the National Healthcare System to the change of the demand of health coming from the population, and the necessity to evolve towards a logic of integration along a “continuum of care,” push for the reorganization of healthcare services inside the local healthcare district.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Optimisation Problem: A problem consisting in either maximizing or minimizing one or more functions.
Location Analysis: A decision-making procedure aimed at identifying the most suitable location within a set (site selection) or without a pre-established set (site search) for a specific purpose.
Multicriteria Analysis: A decision-making approach aimed at optimising different functions/variables at the same time.
Geographical Information System (GIS): An information system able to collect both geographical and alphanumerical data.
Simple Additive Weighting: A multicriteria decision-making technique consisting in assigning to each alternative a sum of values, each one associated to the corresponding evaluation criterion, and weighted according to the relative importance of the corresponding criterion.