Design and Implementation of Students’ Information System for Tertiary Institutions Using Neural Networks: An Open Source Approach

Design and Implementation of Students’ Information System for Tertiary Institutions Using Neural Networks: An Open Source Approach

Obiniyi Ayodele Afolayan (Ahmadu Bello University – Zaria, Nigeria) and Ezugwu El-Shamir Absalom (Ahmadu Bello University – Zaria, Nigeria)
Copyright: © 2013 |Pages: 14
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-2646-1.ch013
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This paper identifies the causes associated with delays in processing and releasing results in tertiary institutions. An enhanced computer program for result computation integrated with a database for storage of processed results simplifies a university grading system and overcomes the short-comings of existing packages. The system takes interdepartmental collaboration and alliances into consideration, over a network that speeds up collection of processed results from designated departments through an improved centralized database system. An empirical evaluation of the system shows that it expedites processing of results and transcripts at various levels and management of and access to student results on-line. The technological approach for the implementation of the proposed system is based on open source solutions. Apache is used as Web server extended with PHP for server side processing. In recognition of the confidentiality of data contained in the system, communication networks are protected with open-ssl library for data encryption and role-based authentication. This system increases efficient service delivery and benefits both administration and students.
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Evaluation Of Course Grading System

The course credit system is a system in which the syllabus of a subject in a degree program is divided into courses arranged in progressive order of difficulty or in levels of academic progress that is 100 to 400 levels for faculty of sciences. The course credit system is flexible enough to accommodate both strong and weak students. It minimizes duplication of courses as it encourages inter-departmental collaboration in curriculum planning, formulation and syllabus review. It is also possible for a student to defer a semester or session for a genuine reason either on medical or financial grounds. This is because a credit earned is never lost.

In the ideal system, all courses are supposed to be mounted every semester with the dual purpose of allowing the exceptional students to graduate before time and the weaker one progress at their own pace. This, however, may be difficult here as a result of the staffing situation.

Credit Units and Credit Load

In the course credit system, courses are assigned weights called credit units depending on how many contact hours are required to complete the course in a semester, for example, a one credit course requires fifteen hours of lecture per semester. A credit load is the total number of credit units registered per semester by the student. In faculty of science, the minimum credit unit per semester is twelve and maximum is twenty four.

Complete Chapter List

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Associate Editors & List of Reviewers
Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Yi-Chen Lan
A green environment is a social as well as business issue. Business enterprises, as a large part of the global community, are obliged to make... Sample PDF
Reengineering a Green Business
Chapter 2
Graeme Philipson
Many organizations attempt to implement Green ICT. Some adopt a deliberate and holistic policy, but most approach it piecemeal. The formal... Sample PDF
A Framework for Green Computing
Chapter 3
Keith Sherringham
The monetized catalyst and impetus for the adoption of Green ICT by business are explored in this paper. For a business to significantly reduce its... Sample PDF
The Impetus and Catalytic Role of Green ICT for Business Benefit
Chapter 4
Alok Pradhan
The ISO 14000 and ISO 9000 standards have a positive impact on achieving sustainable and efficient business. The ISO 14001, in particular, is... Sample PDF
Pivotal Role of the ISO 14001 Standard in the Carbon Economy
Chapter 5
Bharti Trivedi
This paper reports on a 3 year-long PhD level research study carried out by the author in the development of Environmentally Responsible Business... Sample PDF
Developing Environmentally Responsible Business Strategies: A Research Perspective
Chapter 6
Bhuvan Unhelkar
This paper discusses Green Enterprise Architecture (GEA), which is an extension and application of Enterprise Architecture in the environmental... Sample PDF
Green Enterprise Architecture Using Environmental Intelligence
Chapter 7
V. Mahesh, L. Siva Rama Krishna, Sandeep Dulluri, C. S. P. Rao
This paper discusses the scheduling of precedence-related jobs non-preemptively in a job shop environment with an objective of minimizing the... Sample PDF
Theoretical Analysis on Powers-of-Two Applied to JSP: A Case Study of Turbine Manufacturing
Chapter 8
Siddhartha SenGupta
In spite of rapid strides in evolving architecture processes that can help enterprises leverage IT for creating value, shortcomings are widely... Sample PDF
Architecting Enterprises for IT-Enabled Value Creation
Chapter 9
Helena Carvalho, Susana Garrido Azevedo, Susana Duarte, V. Cruz-Machado
Green and lean paradigms have been adopted in a supply chain management context, but nearly always separately and with little understanding of their... Sample PDF
Green and Lean Paradigms Influence on Sustainable Business Development of Manufacturing Supply Chains
Chapter 10
C. N. Arunaa, S. Babu Devasenapati, K. I. Ramachandran, K. Vishnuprasad, C. Surendra
Rapid growth in production of automobiles has increased emissions. Automotive control engineers use innovative control techniques to meet the... Sample PDF
Neural Predictive Controller Based Diesel Injection Management System for Emission Minimisation
Chapter 11
Ayadi Folorunso Sunday
Solid waste is a major disutility of urbanization in Nigeria as rapid urbanization combined with industrialization in Nigerian cities have created... Sample PDF
User Charges and Solid Wastes Generation in Lagos, Nigeria
Chapter 12
J. S. A. Bhat, Sushil, P. K. Jain
Production of world-class products and services amidst inevitable changes in business situations calls for a continual balance across current and... Sample PDF
Strategic Management of Innovation Focusing on Confluence of Continuity and Change
Chapter 13
Obiniyi Ayodele Afolayan, Ezugwu El-Shamir Absalom
This paper identifies the causes associated with delays in processing and releasing results in tertiary institutions. An enhanced computer program... Sample PDF
Design and Implementation of Students’ Information System for Tertiary Institutions Using Neural Networks: An Open Source Approach
Chapter 14
R. O. Akinyede, O. K. Boyinbode, B. K. Alese
According to a UNDP Report (1998), about 54% of Africa’s population is estimated to live in absolute poverty. Currently in Nigeria, rapid change and... Sample PDF
Poverty Reduction in Nigeria Using Information Technology
Chapter 15
T. Fagbe, O. D. Adekola
Information Technology (IT) has emerged as the global driving force behind business success, improved performance, ease of operations, and accuracy.... Sample PDF
Workplace Safety and Personnel Well-Being: The Impact of Information Technology
Chapter 16
Markus Heck, Guenter Schmidt
In this paper, the authors propose a non-linear cost function based on ecological considerations for lot-size planning. The classical approaches of... Sample PDF
Lot-Size Planning with Non-Linear Cost Functions Supporting Environmental Sustainability
Chapter 17
Ezendu Ariwa, Carsten Martin Syvertsen
This paper examines how eco-tourism can be regarded as a change agent in the tourism economy in developing countries. By using conceptual... Sample PDF
Green Digital Enterprise and Chaos Theory in Tourism Development: The Case of Eco-Tourism in South Africa
Chapter 18
O. S. Ogundele, B. K. Alese, O. O. Mathew
Bio-inspired models for information security were designed to demonstrate the performances by which biology achieves security. Existing research... Sample PDF
A Bio-Inspired Concept for Information Security Modelling
Chapter 19
C. Ugwu, N. L Onyejegbu, I. C Obagbuwa
Healthcare delivery in African nations has long been a worldwide issue, which is why the United Nations and World Health Organization seek for ways... Sample PDF
The Application of Machine Learning Technique for Malaria Diagnosis
Chapter 20
Elif A. Kongar, Kurt Rosentrater
Due to increasing financial and environmental concerns, governmental rules, regulations and incentives, alternative energy sources are expected to... Sample PDF
Data Envelopment Analysis Approach to Compare the Environmental Efficiency of Energy Utilization
Chapter 21
Xinying Zheng, Yu Cai
Multi-core processing has been widely used in high-performance computing systems. Power reduction and energy conservation are important in these... Sample PDF
Optimal Server Allocation and Frequency Modulation on Multi-Core Based Server Clusters
Chapter 22
Folorunso Sunday Ayadi
The possibility of the existence of environmental Kuznet curve (EKC) has been debated extensively in the literature. The reality of EKC is that, by... Sample PDF
An Empirical Investigation of Environmental Kuznets Curve in Nigeria
Chapter 23
S. C. Chiemeke, Y. O. Folajimi
The world of today has undergone a technological revolution that has drastically transformed society. The world is now accessible to every age... Sample PDF
Framework for Constructive Computer Game toward Empowering the Future Generation
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