Designing Mobile Applications to Support Mental Health Interventions
Mark Matthews (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland), Gavin Doherty (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland), David Coyle (Trinity College Dublin, Ireland) and John Sharry (Department of Child and Family Psychiatry, Mater Hospital, Ireland)
Copyright: © 2008
The advent of mobile technology has brought computing to a wide range of new contexts, some of which are highly sensitive and place new constraints on the designer. In this chapter we discuss issues related to the design and evaluation of mobile software for sensitive situations, where access to the end user is extremely restricted. We focus on the specific example of technological interventions that support adolescents in mental health care settings. We examine the practical and ethical constraints placed on access to end users and contexts of use, and how this may affect approaches to design and evaluation. General design recommendations for this area are described. We consider approaches to iterative design with mental health care professionals, and how research on technological and therapeutic aspects may proceed in tandem. We identify methods that can be used when conducting evaluation in these limited situations and describe a methodology for maximising the value of such evaluation. By way of illustration, we present the design and evaluation of a mobile phone-based “mood diary” application designed for use in clinical situations by adolescents undergoing mental health interventions.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Mental Illness: can be defined as the experience of psychological symptoms that are severe enough that normal functioning is impaired and help is needed to recover.
JavaME: The microedition of java programming language used for developing software on mobile phones.
Sensitive Situation: A situation where poor-quality solutions may have a highly negative impact, and where the introduction of not just the technology, but also the designer, could be detrimental to the environment that is the target of the technological intervention.
Mood Charting: A form of diary study that is used in some therapeutic practices to monitor changes in mood.
CBT: Cognitive behavioural therapy is a highly structured psychotherapeutic method used to alter distorted attitudes in order to change behaviour and emotional state.
Multistage Prototyping: This is a process the authors have applied to the evaluation of mobile software to be used in mental health situations with adolescents.
Mental Health Care (MHC): Aims to help people improve their psychological well-being.
Psychotherapy: The treatment of a behaviour disorder, mental illness, or any other condition by psychological means.
Mental Health: Can be defined as successful performance of mental function that results in productive activities, fulfilling relationships, the ability to adapt to change, and the ability to cope with adversity.
Client: The person undergoing therapy. Therapists typically differentiate between three types of clients: adults, adolescents, and children. In this chapter, client generally refers to an adolescent client.
Complete Chapter List
Anxo Cereijo Roibás, Stephen Johnson
Hanna Stelmaszewska, Bob Fields, Ann Blandford
Hyowon Lee, Cathal Gurrin, Gareth J.F. Jones, Alan F. Smeaton
Amy K. Karlson, Benjamin B. Bederson, Jose L. Contreras-Vidal
Martina Ziefle, Susanne Bay
Susanne Bay, Martina Ziefle
Chris Barber, James Knight
Anind K. Dey, Jonna Häkkilä
Bent Schmidt-Nielsen, Bret Harsham, Bhiksha Raj, Clifton Forlines
Nikolaos Tselios, Ioanna Papadimitriou, Dimitrios Raptis, Nikoletta Yiannoutsou, Vassilis Komis, Nikolaos Avouris
Siu Cheung Kong
Hyungsung Park, Young Kyun Baek, David Gibson
Nikola Mitrovic, Eduardo Mena, Jose Alberto Royo
Michael J. O’Grady, Gregory M.P. O’Hare
Yang Li, Scott Klemmer, James A. Landay
Emmanuel Dubois, Wafaa Abou Moussa, Cédric Bach, Nelly de Bonnefoy
Ioannis D. Zaharakis, Achilles D. Kameas
Rafael Ballagas, Michael Rohs, Jennifer G. Sheridan, Jan Borchers
Mark David Dunlop, Michelle Montgomery Masters
Min Lin, Andrew Sears, Steven Herbst, Yanfang Liu
Louise E. Moser, P.M. Melliar-Smith
Dong Yu, Li Deng
Parisa Eslambolchilar, Andrew Crossan, Roderick Murray-Smith, Sara Dalzel-Job, Frank Pollick
Panu Korpipää, Jukka Linjama, Juha Kela, Tapani Rantakokko
Enrico Costanza, Samuel A. Inverso, Rebecca Allen, Pattie Maes
Tolga Capin, Antonio Haro
Andrea Sanna, Fabrizio Lamberti
Rock Leung, Joanna Lumsden
Mark Matthews, Gavin Doherty, David Coyle, John Sharry
Francesco Bellotti, Riccardo Berta, Alessandro De Gloria, Massimiliano Margarone
Shigueo Nomura, Takayuki Shiose, Hiroshi Kawakami, Osamu Katai, Keiji Yamanaka
Florence Gaunet, Xavier Briffault
Julio Abascal, Borja Bonail, Daniel Cagigas, Nestor Garay, Luis Gardeazabal
Regina Bernhaupt, Kristijan Mihalic, Marianna Obrist
Jan Willem Streefkerk, Myra P. van Esch-Bussemakers, Mark A. Neerincx, Rosemarijn Looije
Enrico Bertini, Tiziana Catarci, Alan Dix, Silvia Gabrielli, Stephen Kimani, Giuseppe Santucci
Thomas Alexander, Christopher Schlick, Alexander Sievert, Dieter Leyk
Maria de Fátima Queiroz Vieira Turnell, José Eustáquio Rangel de Queiroz, Danilo de Sousa Ferreira
Jaakko T. Lehikoinen
Dong-Han Ham, Jeongyun Heo, Peter Fossick, William Wong, Sanghyun Park, Chiwon Song, Mike Bradley
Kaikkonen, Kaikkonen, Anne, Anne, Aki Kekäläinen, Mikael Cankar, Titti Kallio
Murray Crease, Robert Longworth
Andrew Crossan, Roderick Murray-Smith, Stephen Brewster, Bojan Musizza
Murray Crease, Joanna Lumsden
Rune T. Høegh, Jesper Kjeldskov, Mikael B. Skov, Jan Stage
Adrian Stoica, Georgios Fiotakis, Dimitrios Raptis, Ioanna Papadimitriou, Vassilis Komis, Nikolaos Avouris
Kater Oakley, Gitte Lindgaard, Peter Kroeger, John Miller, Earl Bryenton, Paul Hébert
Shwetak N. Patel, Khai N. Truong, Gillian R. Hayes, Giovanni Iachello, Julie A. Kientz, Gregory D. Abowd
Saturnino Luz, Masood Masoodian
Jason T. Black, Lois Wright Hawkes
Tiong T. Goh, Kinshuk, Nian-Shing Chen