Development and Evaluation of a New HTML Browser Method of Presenting Reading Material for Students with Low Vision

Development and Evaluation of a New HTML Browser Method of Presenting Reading Material for Students with Low Vision

Kazuhito Ujima (Matsuyama School for the Blind, Japan) and Koichi Oda (Tokya Woman’s Christian University, Japan)
Copyright: © 2004 |Pages: 11
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-93177-792-6.ch018
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Students with low vision or partial sight have a variety of vision needs and their needs are very different from student to student. Provision of suitable reading materials is still a difficult task. What we describe here is a novel method combining web-related technology and recent advancement in vision science. With reading tests by the MNREAD-J reading chart, we obtained parameters defining each student’s vision needs. A newly developed software package called the HTML viewer generated a CSS layout data for each student according to the parameters. With this individually adjusted CSS, any web browser displays HTML documents in appropriate way for each student. Textbooks were prepared in HTML format and used with the HTML viewer. Evaluation in real classroom setting showed students were able to use this new method of reading efficiently without a prior knowledge of PC operation.

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Table of Contents
Claude Ghaoui
Chapter 1
Kerstin Rose, Leon Urbas, Alexander Kunzer, Martin Christof Kindsmuller, Sandro Leuchter is a federated user adaptive Internet portal that supports information exchange and cooperation in research and development in the area... Sample PDF
Engineering of a Virtual Community Platform: Realization of Socialware with Integration of the 'User as Editor' Concept
Chapter 2
Joanna Jedrzejowicz
The objective of this chapter is to describe the Postcourse project, which is an e-course on database design. It can be reached via the World Wide... Sample PDF
Innovative Approach to Teaching Database Design through WWW: A Case Study and Usability Evaluation
Chapter 3
Véronique Baudin, Khalil Drira, Thierry Villemur, Saïd Tazi
This chapter describes a recent experience in the development of a model-driven approach. We present architecture foundations, model features... Sample PDF
A Model-Driven Approach for Synchronous Dynamic Collaborative E-Learning
Chapter 4
Claude Ghaoui, W. A. Janvier
This chapter is based on the authors’ vision that “A virtual university should be, to the learner, a distance or online learning environment that... Sample PDF
Smart ProFlexLearn: An Intuitive Approach to Virtual Learning Environment
Chapter 5
Athanasis Karoulis, Ioannis Tarnanas, Andreas Pombortsis
In this chapter we describe the expert-based approach in evaluating Open and Distance Learning (ODL) environments. Our study is mainly concerned... Sample PDF
An Expert-Based Evaluation Concerning Human Factors in ODL Programs: A Preliminary Investigation
Chapter 6
Toshio Okamoto, Mizue Kayama
In this chapter, we present an intelligent media oriented e-learning system. In this system, we have developed a LMS (Learning Management System)... Sample PDF
Integrated E-Learning System and Its Practice
Chapter 7
Takashi Yoshino, Jun Munemori
We have developed learning support systems, named SEGODON and SEGODON-PDA. SEGODON consists of personal computers and a Local Area Network (LAN).... Sample PDF
SEGODON: Learning Support System that can be Applied to Various Forms
Chapter 8
Creative E-Transitions  (pages 153-163)
Lynne Hunt
The creative use of e-learning to facilitate the transition to and from university is the subject of this chapter. It describes a pilot, online... Sample PDF
Creative E-Transitions
Chapter 9
Panayiotis Zaphiris, Giorgos Zacharia, Meenakshi Sundaram Rajasekaran
We present the implementation of Distributed Constructionism (DC) through a Participatory Design (PD) methodology of an Online Learning community.... Sample PDF
Distributed Construction through Participatory Design
Chapter 10
Philip Duggan, Claude Ghaoui, Mike Simco
Most studies involving students in designing and developing software involve research teams and other professionals outside of the normal school... Sample PDF
Fast Track: School Based Student Software Design
Chapter 11
Petek Askar, Ugur Halici
As a form of distance learning, e-learning has become a major instructional force in the world. In this chapter, initiatives regarding e-learning... Sample PDF
E-Learning as a Catalyst for Educational Innovation
Chapter 12
Bernard Mark Garrett, George Roberts
In this chapter, we will explore the potential for employing artificial intelligence and adaptive methods into online learning applications. The... Sample PDF
Employing Intelligent and Adaptive Methods for Online Learning
Chapter 13
Maria Alexandra Rentroia-Bonito, Joaquim Armando Pires Jorge
Currently, developing courseware for e-learning initiatives remains much of a black art. While we are mastering the process of authoring interactive... Sample PDF
Toward Predictive Models for E-Learning: What Have We Learning So Far?
Chapter 14
Juan Contreras-Castillo, Jesús Favela, Carmen Perez-Fragoso
Informal interaction has proven to be useful in supporting collaboration in office and educational environments. Online courses, however, provide... Sample PDF
Supporting Informal Interaction in Online Courses
Chapter 15
Bernard Mark Garrett, Richard Francis
In this chapter, we will explore how students may be orientated and disorientated to online learning, examining some of the methods that can be... Sample PDF
The Orientation and Disorientation of E-Learners
Chapter 16
Andy Smith
E-learning systems cross national borders, are used by people in different cultures, and are applied in culturally different contexts. A number of... Sample PDF
Ensuring Usability in International Web-Based E-Learning Systems
Chapter 17
Wolfgang Strauss, Monika Fleischmann, Jochen Denzinger, Michael Wolf, Yinlin Li
Research into the opportunities offered by electronic media, as regards finding and acquiring knowledge, together with the development of new... Sample PDF
Knowledge Spaces: Cultural Education in the Media Age
Chapter 18
Kazuhito Ujima, Koichi Oda
Students with low vision or partial sight have a variety of vision needs and their needs are very different from student to student. Provision of... Sample PDF
Development and Evaluation of a New HTML Browser Method of Presenting Reading Material for Students with Low Vision
Chapter 19
Hirohiko Sagawa, Masaru Takeuchi
We have developed a sign language teaching system that uses sign language recognition and generation methods to overcome three problems with current... Sample PDF
A Sign Language Teaching System Using Sign Language Recognition and Generation Methods
Chapter 20
Robert S. Owen, Bosede Aworuwa
Many of us are using the World Wide Web in ways that are similar to the teaching machines and automatic tutoring devices of the 1950-1960s, yet we... Sample PDF
Precursors to Web-Based Methodologies: Lessons We Can Learn from Teaching Machines, Automatic Tutoring Devices and Learning Hierarchies
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