Differentiating Instruction for Adult Learners in an Online Environment

Differentiating Instruction for Adult Learners in an Online Environment

Dixie Massey (University of Washington, USA)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1906-7.ch011
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Teacher education courses offered online are becoming increasingly common. Unfortunately, few instructors of online teacher education courses have specific preparation for teaching adult learners or in teaching online courses, resulting in faltering attempts to transfer traditional methodology such as lectures to online platforms. This chapter considers the background of distance education and examines relevant literature on adult learners. Differentiated instruction is proffered as a means of meeting the needs of adult learners in online teacher education courses. Specific examples of differentiating content, process, and product are suggested.
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When considering differentiated learning in an online teacher-education course, three distinct areas provide important frameworks for consideration: online learning, adult learners, and differentiation.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Richard E. Ferdig
Tina L. Heafner, Richard Hartshorne, Teresa Petty
Chapter 1
Terry S. Atkinson
This chapter details the experiences of a university professor whose perspectives shifted from one of initial dissent to eventual advocacy for... Sample PDF
The Journey from Dissenter to Advocate: Insights Gained while Teaching Online
Chapter 2
Teresa Petty, Tina L. Heafner, Richard Hartshorne
The Remote Observation of Graduate Interns (ROGI) is a method crafted by researchers at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte that allows... Sample PDF
Remote Observation of Graduate Interns: A Look at the Process Four Years Later
Chapter 3
M. Joyce Brigman, Teresa Petty
This chapter seeks to investigate the perceived sense of preparation for the classroom that leads to teacher effectiveness. The focus of this... Sample PDF
Perceptions of Preparation of Online Alternative Licensure Teacher Candidates
Chapter 4
Michael K. Barbour, Jason Siko, Elizabeth Gross, Kecia Waddell
At present, there are very few examples of the preparation of teachers for the online environment in teacher education. Even more unfortunate is... Sample PDF
Virtually Unprepared: Examining the Preparation of K-12 Online Teachers
Chapter 5
Yigal Rosen, Rikki Rimor
Online teacher programs are diverse in their models, expressing a variety of learning objectives, pedagogies, technological platforms, and... Sample PDF
Teaching and Assessing Problem Solving in Online Collaborative Environment
Chapter 6
Anne Yates
This chapter reports a study which examined experiences of nine beginning teachers who completed their initial teacher education in the online mode.... Sample PDF
Online Teacher Education: A Case Study from New Zealand
Chapter 7
Wayne Journell, Melissa Walker Beeson, Jerad J. Crave, Miguel Gomez, Jayme Nixon Linton, Mary O. Taylor
The increased demand for online instruction within higher and K-12 education has created a need for teacher education programs to provide... Sample PDF
Training Teachers for Virtual Classrooms: A Description of an Experimental Course in Online Pedagogy
Chapter 8
Vassiliki I. Zygouris-Coe
Online learning continues to grow as a learning option for millions of students in US colleges and universities. Collaboration plays an important... Sample PDF
Promoting Collaborative Learning in Online Teacher Education
Chapter 9
David M. Dunaway
Finding time for reflection and collaboration presents challenges for teachers. Combined with this are feelings of isolation from colleagues. Web... Sample PDF
Creating Virtual Collaborative Learning Experiences for Aspiring Teachers
Chapter 10
Victoria M. Cardullo
Learning and technology skills required for the 21st century can be developed through online pre-service teaching preparation programs. This chapter... Sample PDF
Cyber-Place Learning in an Online Teacher Preparation Program: Engaging Learning Opportunities through Collaborations and Facilitation of Learning
Chapter 11
Dixie Massey
Teacher education courses offered online are becoming increasingly common. Unfortunately, few instructors of online teacher education courses have... Sample PDF
Differentiating Instruction for Adult Learners in an Online Environment
Chapter 12
Salika A. Lawrence
Teacher candidates in online courses engage in authentic learning to foster 21st-century practices similar to those of their K–12 students, namely... Sample PDF
Teacher Education in Online Contexts: Course Design and Learning Experiences to Facilitate Literacy Instruction for Teacher Candidates
Chapter 13
D. Bruce Taylor, Lindsay Sheronick Yearta
While technology has always played a role in teaching and learning, with the advent of Information Communication Technologies (ICTs), schools have... Sample PDF
Putting Multiliteracies into Practice in Teacher Education: Tools for Teaching and Learning in a Flat World
Chapter 14
Felicia Saffold
A teacher educator examines the level of critical thinking of her preservice teachers participating in an urban education course through online... Sample PDF
(Re)Assessing Student Thinking in Online Threaded Discussions
Chapter 15
Chris O’Brien, Shaqwana M. Freeman, John Beattie, LuAnn Jordan, Richard Hartshorne
This chapter summarizes the results of a quasi-experiment conducted to determine the relative effectiveness of preparing pre-teacher education... Sample PDF
Investigation of Blended versus Fully Web-Based Instruction for Pre-Teacher Candidates in a Large Section Special Education Survey Course
Chapter 16
Hyo-Jeong So, Emily Hixon
The purpose of this study was to explore preservice teachers’ behaviors in and perceptions of traditional field-based and virtual models of early... Sample PDF
Examining Student Behaviors in and Perceptions of Traditional Field-Based and Virtual Models of Early Field Experiences
Chapter 17
Luke Rodesiler, Barbara G. Pace
In this chapter, the authors present the framework and methods they employ to integrate online learning opportunities into an English teacher... Sample PDF
Preparing Pre-Service Secondary English Language Arts Teachers to Support Literacy Learning with Interactive Online Technologies
Chapter 18
Drew Polly
This chapter discusses a longitudinal examination of a mathematics methods course for teacher candidates taught in hybrid and a 100% asynchronous... Sample PDF
Designing and Teaching an Online Elementary Mathematics Methods Course: Promises, Barriers, and Implications
Chapter 19
Nancy Fichtman Dana, Desi Krell, Rachel Wolkenhauer
The systematic, intentional study by teachers of their own classroom practice is critical for powerful professional development. Action research, or... Sample PDF
Taking Action Research in Teacher Education Online: Exploring the Possibilities
Chapter 20
Kara Dawson, Cathy Cavanaugh, Albert D. Ritzhaupt
Action research is recognized as a powerful tool for professional development and teacher preparation (Cochran-Smith & Lytle, 2009; Zeichner, 2003)... Sample PDF
ARTI: An Online Tool to Support Teacher Action Research for Technology Integration
Chapter 21
Scott L. Day, Leonard Bogle, Karen Swan, Daniel Matthews, Emily Boles
This chapter describes how faculty in a fully online Master’s program in teacher leadership are using a design-based approach, grounded in theory... Sample PDF
Improving Student Learning in a Fully Online Teacher Leadership Program: A Design-Based Approach
Chapter 22
Joseph R. Feinberg, Audrey H. Schewe, Christopher D. Moore, Kevin R. Wood
Instructional simulation games are models of the real world that allow students to interact with events and objects that are normally inaccessible... Sample PDF
Puttering, Tinkering, Building, and Making: A Constructionist Approach to Online Instructional Simulation Games
Chapter 23
David Gibson
This chapter introduces an innovative online learning platform for the preparation of teachers through simulations, which addresses some of the... Sample PDF
Teacher Education with simSchool
Chapter 24
Tina L. Heafner, Michelle Plaisance
Windows into Teaching and Learning (WiTL), a project conceived and actualized by authors situated in a large urban university in the southeastern... Sample PDF
Windows into Teaching and Learning: Uncovering the Potential for Meaningful Remote Field Experiences in Distance Teacher Education
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