Diffusion of Broadband Access in Latin America
Arturo Robles Rovalo (Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Mexico and Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain), Claudio Feijóo González (Institute for Prospective Technological Studies, JRC, EC and Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, Spain) and José Luis Gómez-Barroso (Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia, Spain)
Copyright: © 2008
The “geographic” digital divide is obvious when comparing more developed countries to the rest. Its first and most obvious sign is the difference in the diffusion of broadband accesses. However, it is clear that there are also lines of separation in smaller geographic ranges: between countries of a same area, inside each country and, sometimes, in each specific region. This chapter shows this situation by studying the broadband access diffusion in Latin America on a three level basis (regional, national, and local). At the national level, a few explanatory variables of the different situations presented by the countries chosen for the study are researched. Additionally, a description of the environment (market and public action) where this diffusion is occurring is also included.
Key Terms in this Chapter
Developing Country or Region: Low and middle-income area where most people have a lower standard of living with access to fewer goods and services than most people in high-income countries.
Diffusion: Process by which a service or technology is propagated or adopted over time along the units (individuals) of a system (region or population).
Information Society: Means of development or economic and social stage based on the capability of obtaining, sharing, and transmitting information by making the most of the opportunities provided by new technologies.
Broadband: Any access (last-mile connection) providing transmission speeds above those offered by a conventional line. Generally, in Latin America and consequently, in this chapter, transmission capabilities exceeding 128 kbps are considered.
Latin America: Geographic and cultural region comprised of Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries in North, Central, and South America.