Digital Divide: Introduction to the Problem
Liudmila Burtseva (Academy of Sciences of Moldova Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Moldova), Svetlana Cojocaru (Academy of Sciences of Moldova Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Moldova) and Constantin Gaindric (Academy of Sciences of Moldova Institute of Mathematics and Computer Science, Moldova)
Copyright: © 2007
In this chapter the authors introduce the digital-divide concept to the reader, bring its different definitions, and describe the short history of the problem. The basic figures and facts, which characterize the information and communication technologies’ usage in different countries and regions, are given as well. Also, basic indicators that allow the monitoring of the country’s advancement on the way to bridging the digital divide are stated. The main purpose for the authors was to show that the digital divide is not only (and not as much) a technical problem, but rather a social and political one. Hence, the approaches to this problem decision, both in the world community as a whole and in separate countries, are described.