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Digital Divide and Rural Communities: Practical Solutions and Policies

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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-4666-1852-7.ch036|
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MLA

Garofalakis, John and Andreas Koskeris. "Digital Divide and Rural Communities: Practical Solutions and Policies." Digital Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. IGI Global, 2013. 698-720. Web. 28 Nov. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-1852-7.ch036

APA

Garofalakis, J., & Koskeris, A. (2013). Digital Divide and Rural Communities: Practical Solutions and Policies. In Digital Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 698-720). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-1852-7.ch036

Chicago

Garofalakis, John and Andreas Koskeris. "Digital Divide and Rural Communities: Practical Solutions and Policies." In Digital Literacy: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, 698-720 (2013), accessed November 28, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-4666-1852-7.ch036

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Abstract

During the last years, due to the wide spread of World Wide Web (WWW), the Internet has become one of the most valuable and effective communications media and the most inclusive source of information. However, in many cases the difficulties of establishing universal effective access could serve to reinforce current patterns of social exclusion and produce barriers to balanced development instead of supporting it. World widely there is a rising concern over the so-called “digital divide”–a term that refers to the gap existing in the opportunities to access advanced information and communication technologies between geographic areas or by individuals at different socioeconomic levels. The experience shows that specialized initiatives are needed for disadvantaged areas in order to anticipate expansion of current digital divide. This chapter is focusing on the specific instance of digital divide occurring in rural territories, and examines the ways to foster digital culture among citizens, utilizing a specific initiative (the so called “Telecentres”).
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Introduction

During the last years the wide spread of WWW has led to a new form of illiteracy, a “digital” one. Only those who can afford the PC and fast Internet connection are able to take advantage of it. By most counts, the number of PC and Internet users is very small compared to the numbers that would use it if they could. As more individuals are connected online, those who are not connected are increasingly in danger for becoming more marginalized within society. World widely there is a rising concern over this “digital divide” (Brachos, Kostopoulos, Soderquist, 2003; Reddy, 2005; Schloman, 2004; OECD, 2001).

The fact nowadays is that “The network society is creating parallel communications systems: one for those with income, education and literacy connections, giving plentiful information at low cost and high speed; the other are those without connections, blocked by high barriers of time, cost and uncertainty and dependent upon outdated information” (Globalization with a Human Face, p 63, 1999).

The key factors leading to the digital divide are:

  • Missing infrastructure or access

  • Missing incentives to use ICTs

  • Lack of the computer literacy or skills necessary to take part in the information society

  • Poverty and social exclusion

Most countries that have been concerned about this problem have instituted policies aimed at reducing aspects of it. In reality there are several possible concrete cases of the digital divide gap occurrence (Bridging the “Digital Divide», 2001). One important subset of the digital divide issue concerns high-speed Internet access, also known as “broadband”. Broadband refers to data transmission where multiple pieces of data are sent simultaneously to increase the effective rate of transmission, regardless of actual data rate. The “broadband divide” may be defined by those with rich, interactive audio and video services in the home and those with low-bandwidth, text-driven services. This divide will become increasingly important as the availability of advanced telecommunications become essential to the development of business, industry, shopping and trade, as well as distance learning, telemedicine, and telecommuting. The international digital divide also exists between different countries, with the ability of individuals to take advantage of the Internet varying significantly across the OECD area (OECD, 2008) and between OECD and other countries. There are concerns that unless access to the use of Information and Communication Technology is broadened, the majority of people, particularly in the developing countries, will not enjoy the benefits of the new knowledge-based economy.

The Urban/rural divide refers to those set of people without an enhanced data capability which will lead them to be unable accessing the expected benefits particularly in relation to health and education. This concern is seen to be greatest in relation to those living and working in rural and remote areas since the lower rates for data access for these consumers place them at a disadvantage in comparison to metropolitan consumers. For these citizens the problems of missing infrastructures, incentives and computer literacy (the factors leading to Digital divide) are bigger and more difficult to solve. The world widely experience shows the several specialized initiatives are needed for rural areas in order to anticipate expansion of current digital divide and at the same time to provide solutions to deal with the actual problem.

Most of the effective solutions (Closing the Digital Divide in Rural Communities, 2001; Courtright, Robbin, 2001; Xavier, 2001; Bridging the “Digital Divide”, 2001; Fung, 2006; The Digital Divide in Austria, 2000), focused directly on ensuring access to technology; the majority of access-based successful initiatives also involved training.

This Chapter examines the ways in order to foster digital culture among rural citizens by demonstrating initiatives to bridge the digital divide through advanced broadband telecommunications and services providing remote areas with access to the Info- Society. Its specific objectives are:

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Kelvin Joseph Bwalya, Tanya Du Plessis, Chris Rensleigh
It can arguably be stated that the digital divide, e-Inclusion, and successful e-Government development are inseparable. The concept of e-Inclusion... Sample PDF
A Snapshot Overview of the Digital Divide: e-Inclusion and e-Government in the Zambian Context
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Chapter 2
Hopeton S. Dunn
With the increasing spread of information and communications technologies (ICTs) globally, there is heightened debate about the continuing... Sample PDF
Information Literacy and the Digital Divide: Challenging E-Exclusion in the Global South
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Chapter 3
Girish J. Gulati, David J. Yates, Anas Tawileh
The rapid development of information and communication technologies (ICTs) has created an environment for citizens to have greater access to their... Sample PDF
Explaining the Global Digital Divide: The Impact of Public Policy Initiatives on E-Government Capacity and Reach Worldwide
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Chapter 4
Stephen K. Aikins, Meena Chary
This chapter examines whether government officials’ deployment of resources to broaden Internet access and participation is influenced by officials’... Sample PDF
Online Participation and Digital Divide: An Empirical Evaluation of U.S. Midwestern Municipalities
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Chapter 5
Randall McClure
This chapter explores the gap in information between digital natives and digital immigrants. Advances in computer technology have transformed... Sample PDF
The Digital Information Divide
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Chapter 6
Boaventura DaCosta, Carolyn Kinsell, Angelique Nasah
The abundance of opinions about Millennials has made it very difficult to separate reality from conjecture, especially with regard to the... Sample PDF
Millennials are Digital Natives?: An Investigation into Digital Propensity and Age
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Chapter 7
Melanie Ciussi, Gill Rosner, Marc Augier, Gabriele Suder
This chapter explores “Y generation” students’ attitudes to mobile technologies in the context of education, and use of podcasts on their handhelds... Sample PDF
M-Learning and Y Generation: The Reality behind the Myth
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Chapter 8
John Heng, Subhasis Banerji
Contrary to expectations, assistive technology (AT) usage by the elderly has not increased in proportion to availability and ease of access. This is... Sample PDF
Low Usage of Intelligent Technologies by the Aged: New Initiatives to Bridge the Digital Divide
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Chapter 9
Plamen Miltenoff, John H. Hoover, Galin Tzokov
Based on the recent proliferation of online education and the ongoing technological revolution, this research focused on interaction of students and... Sample PDF
Online Literacy among Students and Faculty: A Comparative Study between the United States and Eastern European Countries
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Chapter 10
Michael Howell-Moroney
As technology has continued to advance, a disparity in the diffusion, adoption, and utilization of technology has become apparent. This chapter... Sample PDF
The Global Digital Divide and Its Impact on E-Governance
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Chapter 11
Antonio Cartelli
Today, life is more complex and difficult due to uncertainties in society. Liquid life (Bauman, 2006) is frenetic, rapidly changing and highly... Sample PDF
A Framework for Digital Competence Assessment
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Chapter 12
Ahmed Imran, Shirley Gregor
Least developed countries (LDCs), have been struggling to find a workable strategy to adopt information and communication technology (ICT) and... Sample PDF
A Process Model for Successful E-Government Adoption in the Least Developed Countries: A Case of Bangladesh
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Chapter 13
Chamhuri Siwar, Abdul-Mumin Abdulai
Undoubtedly, digital technology (DT) has revolutionalised information and communications technology (ICT) base of the global economy, which has... Sample PDF
Sustainable Development and the Digital Divide Among OIC Countries: Towards a Collaborative Digital Approach
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Chapter 14
Elvira Popescu, Costin Badica
This paper illustrates the use of WELSA adaptive educational system for the implementation of an Artificial Intelligence (AI) course which is... Sample PDF
Creating a Personalized Artificial Intelligence Course: WELSA Case Study
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Chapter 15
Karine Barzilai-Nahon, Ricardo Gomez, Rucha Ambikar
Measurements for the digital divide/s have often engaged in simplified, single factor measurements that present partial and static conceptualization... Sample PDF
Conceptualizing a Contextual Measurement for Digital Divide/s: Using an Integrated Narrative
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Chapter 16
Wei-Min Hu, James E. Prieger
Accurate measurement of digital divides is important for policy purposes. Empirical studies of broadband subscription gaps have largely used... Sample PDF
The Empirics of the Digital Divide: Can Duration Analysis Help?
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Chapter 17
Mohammad Reza Hanafizadeh, Payam Hanafizadeh, Abbas Saghaei
With the advent and evolution of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in general, the Internet, in particular, throughout the world... Sample PDF
Perusing E-Readiness and Digital Divide: From a Critical View
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Chapter 18
Gareth Schott, Neil Selwyn
Game playing is made possible by players’ engagement in configurative practices that work in conjunction with interpretive practices, referring to... Sample PDF
Game Literacy: Assessing its Value for Both Classification and Public Perceptions of Games in a New Zealand Context
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Chapter 19
Meena Chary, Stephen K. Aikins
This chapter assesses how public policy can be used to bridge the global digital divide, especially in developing nations. First, the chapter... Sample PDF
Policy as a Bridge across the Global Digital Divide
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Chapter 20
Edeltraud Hanappi-Egger
The question of digital divide along gender and culture is still an important one and has to be re-visited after a long period of scientific... Sample PDF
Exclusiveness vs. Inclusiveness in Software Development: The Triple-Loop-Learning Approach
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Chapter 21
Jeffrey Hsu, Zhongxian Wang, Karin Hamilton
The needs of adult learners are different from those of traditional undergraduate students, and programs must be designed to meet this need. In... Sample PDF
Developing and Managing Digital/Technology Literacy and Effective Learning Skills in Adult Learners
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Chapter 22
Hazel Owen
An imperative underpinning the redetermination of education theory and practice is mobility. Mobility encompasses freedom of movement through myriad... Sample PDF
Intelligent M-Learning Frameworks: Information and Communication Technology Applied in a Laptop Environment
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Chapter 23
Zulkefli bin Ibrahim, Ainin Sulaiman, Tengku M. Faziharudean
Malaysia aims to be an information society by the year 2020 can only be achieved if the mass population, that include those who live in the rural... Sample PDF
Bringing the Internet to the Rural Area: A Case Study of the ’KedaiKom’ Project in Malaysia
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Chapter 24
Kerstin Nordin, Ulla Berglund
Since 2002 the authors have successively developed “Children’s Maps in GIS”, a method for children’s participation in spatial planning. Their... Sample PDF
Children’s Maps in GIS: A Tool for Communicating Outdoor Experiences in Urban Planning
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Chapter 25
L.G. Pee, A. Kankanhalli, V.C.Y. On Show
To bridge the digital divide, subsidized access to information and communications technology (ICT) is often provided in less-developed countries.... Sample PDF
ICT for Digital Inclusion: A Study of Public Internet Kiosks in Mauritius
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Chapter 26
Ali Arifoglu, Gülgün Afacan, Erkan Er
Keywords: Public Internet Access Points (PIAPs), digital divide, ICT services, e-transformation, e-government, telecenters, kiosk, mobile PIAP... Sample PDF
Guidelines for Successful Public Internet Access Points (PIAPs) Implementation
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Chapter 27
Leili Lind, Aseel Berglund, Erik Berglund, Magnus Bång, Sture Hägglund
In order to counteract the digital divide and to enable the society to reach all its citizens with various kinds of e-services, there is a need to... Sample PDF
Effortless Data Capture for Ambient E-Services with Digital Pen and Paper Technology
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Chapter 28
Leonidas Anthopoulos, Panos Fitsilis
The digital cities, from their online forms such as America-On-Line and Kyoto cases, to their ubiquitous forms such as Beijing, Hull (UK) and... Sample PDF
Digital Cities: Towards Connected Citizens and Governance
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Chapter 29
Miriam Judge
This case study discusses the key findings from a pilot Interactive Whiteboard Project in Ireland which ran from 2005 to 2007. Eight primary and... Sample PDF
Documenting Teachers and Students Experiences with Interactive Whiteboards in Ireland: Key Findings from an Irish Pilot Project
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Chapter 30
Donghee Han, Kathryn L. Braun
By 2050, people aged 60 and older will comprise 33% of Korea’s population, up from about 12% currently. In many occupational sectors, women retire... Sample PDF
Promoting Active Ageing through Technology Training in Korea
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Chapter 31
Julie Doyle, Michela Bertolotto, David Wilson
Information technology can play an important role in helping the elderly to live full, healthy and independent lives. However, elders are often... Sample PDF
Towards Multimodal Mobile GIS for the Elderly
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Chapter 32
Eleni Rossiou
Higher Education could be seen as an ideal field for the development and wide use of modern technologies and pedagogical methods of cooperative and... Sample PDF
Integration of Educational Games in Synchronous Virtual Classroom: A Case Study
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Chapter 33
Sue Fenley
Research into investigating how users navigate through internet and multimedia resources in an educational context has revealed distinct preferences... Sample PDF
Navigation and Visualisation Techniques in eLearning and Internet Research
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Chapter 34
Nabanita Das
With the arrival of Wi-Fi, WiMax, Zigbee, and other wireless network standards, the penetration of Internet in daily life has surged significantly.... Sample PDF
Pervasive Internet via Wireless Infrastructure-Based Mesh Networks
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Chapter 35
Sandra Schamroth Abrams
The idea of bridging literacies has been a topic of much research and theory, and educators continue to struggle to help students understand how... Sample PDF
The Dynamics of Video Gaming: Influences Affecting Game Play and Learning
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Chapter 36
John Garofalakis, Andreas Koskeris
During the last years, due to the wide spread of World Wide Web (WWW), the Internet has become one of the most valuable and effective communications... Sample PDF
Digital Divide and Rural Communities: Practical Solutions and Policies
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Chapter 37
Mete Yildiz
This chapter examines the nature of digital divide in Turkey. To this end, after a brief summary of the literature, first, the dimensions of digital... Sample PDF
Digital Divide in Turkey: A General Assessment
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Chapter 38
Håkan Selg
Results from a major survey among Internet users at Swedish universities indicate fundamental differences in patterns of usage. The “Web 2.0... Sample PDF
Swedish Students Online: An Inquiry into Differing Cultures on the Internet
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Chapter 39
Mehmet Sincar
This study analyzes prospective teachers’ digital citizenship behaviour norms. The sample consists of the seventeen prospective teachers who studied... Sample PDF
An Analysis of Prospective Teachers’ Digital Citizenship Behaviour Norms
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Chapter 40
Jane Burns, Michelle Blanchard, Atari Metcalf
The rapid uptake of technology offers potentially innovative approaches to promoting mental health amongst young people, addressing a significant... Sample PDF
Bridging the Digital Divide in Australia: The Potential Implications for the Mental Health of Young People Experiencing Marginalisation
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Chapter 41
Prajesh Chhanabhai, Alec Holt
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) has undergone rapid change in the last decade and it is now readily accessible within many... Sample PDF
The Changing World of ICT and Health: Crossing the Digital Divide
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Chapter 42
Violet E. Ikolo
The chapter provides an examination of the concept of the digital divide in Africa and its effect on the women in Africa, how ICTs can be used as... Sample PDF
Gender Digital Divide and National ICT Policies in Africa
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Chapter 43
M. Selcan Kaynak
This chapter aims to assess policies regarding information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Turkey within the last five years. The focus of... Sample PDF
The Potentials and Pitfalls of the Information Society Project in Turkey: A Critical Assessment of Policy Paradigms Regarding E-Transformation and Digital Divide
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Chapter 44
P. Thirumal, Gary Michael Tartakov
This chapter seeks to recognize and read the marginal presence on the Internet of India’s most oppressed and stigmatized community, the Dalits... Sample PDF
India’s Dalits Search for a Democratic Opening in the Digital Divide
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Chapter 45
Paul Resta, Debby Kalk
The confluence of collaborative and social technologies, with the phenomenon of digital natives, creates new opportunities for learning... Sample PDF
An Ecological Approach to Instructional Design: The Learning Synergy of Interaction and Context
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Chapter 46
Ruth Xiaoqing Guo
This case study examined a constructivist approach to creating an interactive learning environment on ANGEL for graduate students in a course: EDC... Sample PDF
A Case Study of Social Interaction on ANGEL and Student Authoring Skills
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Chapter 47
Jennifer A. Kurtz, Roland J. Cole, Isabel A. Cole
Without a plan for marketing the convenience, ease, and safety of online services, the goal of achieving an 80 percent adoption rate by citizens for... Sample PDF
Citizens and E-Government Service Delivery: Techniques to Increase Citizen Participation
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Chapter 48
Susan Carol Losh
Through increasing access to knowledge and facilitating widespread discourse, information and communication technology (ICT) is believed to hold the... Sample PDF
American Digital Divides: Generation, Education, Gender, and Ethnicity in American Digital Divides
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Chapter 49
Birgitte Holm Sørensen, Karin Tweddell Levinsen
Implementation of ICT in Danish and Nordic schools is gradually changing from an industrial to a knowledge society school paradigm. At the same time... Sample PDF
School in the Knowledge Society: A Local Global School
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Chapter 50
Elizabeth Langran
While India has transformed itself into a global leader in IT, its major cities have become enclaves for growth that only benefits a middle- and... Sample PDF
Caste, Class, and IT in India
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Chapter 51
Billy Yfantis, Abel Usoro, Dimitris Tseles
The tourism sector has changed rapidly since the dawn of the internet revolution in the late 1990s. At the same time, the digital divide has... Sample PDF
Digital Divide and Disadvantaged Populations in E-Tourism
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Chapter 52
Martha Burkle
Mobile technology use is a major issue in higher education institutions, and one that is increasing daily. While the new generation of students (the... Sample PDF
E-Learning Challenges for Polytechnic Institutions: Bringing E-Mobility to Hands-on Learning
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Chapter 53
Sean Goggins, Sanda Erdelez
This chapter situates collaborative information behavior in completely online groups as a phenomenon distinct from prior work understanding... Sample PDF
Collaborative Information Behavior in Completely Online Groups
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Chapter 54
Scott Baum, Arun Mahizhnan
Singapore’s E-government model is considered to be among the best in the world. Over the past decade the Singapore government has constantly... Sample PDF
Public Participation in E-Government: Some Questions about Social Inclusion in the Singapore Model
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Chapter 55
Saxena Anupama
In the present chapter, the author seeks to identify the existing gender gaps in rural e-governance in India and has attempted to explore the... Sample PDF
Gender Evaluation of Rural E-Governance in India: A Case Study of E-Gram Suraj (E-Rural Good Governance) Scheme1
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Chapter 56
Ana Jimenez-Zarco, María Pilar Martínez-Ruiz, Virginia Barba-Sánchez, Alicia Izquierdo-Yusta
This chapter analyzes the adequacy of two university education models according to their Information Communications Technology (ICT) usage: One... Sample PDF
ICT Use in Universities: An Educational Model for Digital Natives
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Chapter 57
Athanasios Drigas, Dimitris Kouremenos, John Vrettaros
This chapter presents e-learning practices and applications, which target people with visual and hearing disabilities. The first part discusses an... Sample PDF
Learning Applications for Disabled People
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Chapter 58
Kerstin Grundén
In this chapter, internal digital divide problems in organizations are identified and discussed. A longitudinal case study focusing on the... Sample PDF
Internal Digital Divide in Organizations
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Chapter 59
Jill Harrison, John Ryan
Technology use is contextual and tends to follow, often invisible, ground rules. Within the situational context of a higher education classroom the... Sample PDF
Diffusion of Technology in Higher Education Classrooms: The Case of the Laptop
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Chapter 60
Thomas Ryberg, Lone Dirckinck-Holmfeld, Chris Jones
In this chapter, the authors explore perspectives on the notion of “digital natives” and present a case in which Web 2.0 technologies were... Sample PDF
Catering to the Needs of the “Digital Natives” or Educating the “Net Generation”?
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Chapter 61
Kunal
This research work presents a conceptual framework used for analyzing financing mechanism for ICT projects. The focus is on developing countries... Sample PDF
Innovation in Financing Mechanism of Information and Communication Technology (ICT)
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Chapter 62
Helena Pereira da Silva, Lídia de Jesus Oliveira Loureiro da Silva
This chapter presents the results of the search carried out in the Library and Information Science Abstracts (LISA) database, with the aim of... Sample PDF
Digital Inclusion and Electronic Government: Looking for Convergence in the Decade 1997-2008
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Chapter 63
Wan Ng
The objective of this chapter is to discuss the relationships between the three literacies that are mentioned above: digital literacy, science... Sample PDF
Empowering Students to be Scientifically Literate through Digital Literacy
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Chapter 64
Thomas C. Reeves, Jan Herrington
Regardless of whether one thinks of today’s higher education students as “digital natives” or members of “Generation Me,” it is obvious that... Sample PDF
Authentic Tasks: The Key to Harnessing the Drive to Learn in Members of “Generation Me”
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Chapter 65
Francesco Amoretti, Fortunato Musella
A great part of the rhetoric accompanying the rapid diffusion of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in Western societies in recent... Sample PDF
Governing Digital Divides: Power Structures and ICT Strategies in a Global Perspective
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Chapter 66
Gohar Feroz Khan, Junghoon Moon
Electronic government, or e-Government, is the practice of providing public services to citizens, businesses, and other government agencies where... Sample PDF
E-Government Issues in Developing Countries: An Analysis from a Digital Divide, E-Skills, and Civil Conflict Theory Approach
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Chapter 67
Rosemary Stockdale, Chris Felstead
Not-for-profit organisations put considerable effort into community-based Information Technology (IT) projects to bridge the gap between the ‘haves’... Sample PDF
Stakeholders and Power in Community-Based IT Projects: Examining the Role of Service Recipients
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Chapter 68
Evika Karamagioli
Public participation is considered to be the remedy for the democratization of political processes. As technological progress advances, more trust... Sample PDF
Addressing Social Inclusion via eDemocracy Applications: Which Role for Human Rights?
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Chapter 69
Meena Chary
This chapter critically assesses how e-government initiatives in India are attempting to contend with social equity issues posed by the deepening... Sample PDF
Social Equity, the Digital Divide and E-Governance: An Analysis of E-Governance Initiatives in India
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Chapter 70
Jennifer Ehrhardt
Renowned Soviet psychologist and father of social constructivist learning theory Lev Vygotsky (1978) stated: “Every function in the child’s cultural... Sample PDF
Online Social Constructivism: Theory vs. Practice
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Chapter 71
Lynette Kvasny, Kayla D. Hales
In this chapter, we examine how people of African descent are using an online discussion forum as a site for interrogating the existential question... Sample PDF
The Evolving Discourse of the Digital Divide: The Internet, Black Identity, and the Evolving Discourse of the Digital Divide
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Chapter 72
Antonio Cartelli
Today, life is more complex and difficult due to uncertainties in society. Liquid life (Bauman, 2006) is frenetic, rapidly changing and highly... Sample PDF
Theory and Practice in Digital Competence Assessment
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Chapter 73
Nwachukwu Prince Ololube, Samuel Amaele, Peter James Kpolovie, Daniel Elemchukwu Egbezor
Frequently it is presumed that Nigerian students and faculties have been unable to find effective ways to use technology in the classroom and other... Sample PDF
The Issues of Digital Natives and Tourists: Empirical Investigation of the Level of IT/IS Usage between University Students and Faculty Members in a Developing Economy
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Chapter 74
Andrew Thatcher, Mbongi Ndabeni
The digital divide is often conceptualised as inequalities of access to technology. While access is obviously a precursor to technology use... Sample PDF
A Psychological Model to Understand E-Adoption in the Context of the Digital Divide
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Chapter 75
Rekha Pande
The present chapter attempts to look at the digital divide and the constraints related to Information Technology, which women share by gender. Along... Sample PDF
Gender Gaps and Information and Communication Technology: A Case Study of India
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Chapter 76
Francesco D. Sandulli
The research on the digital divide usually analyzes the differences between those who have access to information technology and those who have not.... Sample PDF
Solving the Paradoxes of the Information Technology Revolution: Productivity and Inequality
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Chapter 77
Bolanle A. Olaniran, Hansel Burley, Maiga Chang
Developing the foundations for intelligent applications that efficiently manage information is one goal of Web 2.0 technologies and the Semantic... Sample PDF
Social Issues and Web 2.0: A Closer Look at Culture in E-Learning
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Chapter 78
Sunnie Lee Watson, Thalia Mulvihill
This chapter aims to explore the historical, sociological, and economic factors that engender inequities related to digital technologies in the East... Sample PDF
Exploring the Notion of ‘Technology as a Public Good’: Emerging Characteristics and Trends of the Digital Divide in East Asian Education
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Chapter 79
Robert Lerman, Caroline Ratcliffe, Harold Salzman, Douglas Wissoker, Jennifer Meagher
This chapter examines whether the digital divide in the United States extends to computer use in small businesses. The analysis is based on a 2003... Sample PDF
Does the Digital Divide Extend to Minority- and Women- Owned Small Businesses?
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Chapter 80
Kayenda T. Johnson, Tonya L. Smith-Jackson
This chapter addresses a problem that centers on the persistent disparities in computer use and access among citizens of varying cultural... Sample PDF
A Human Factors View of the Digital Divide
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Chapter 81
Suely Fragoso, Denise Cogo, Liliane Dutra Brignol
This chapter discusses the success and failure of initiatives which provide access to Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) as a means... Sample PDF
What Does it Mean to Bridge the Divide?: Learning from Spontaneous Practices towards ICTs
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Chapter 82
Nicoletta Corrocher, Anna Raineri
This chapter aims at investigating the evolution of the digital divide within a set of developing countries between the years 2000 and 2005. In... Sample PDF
The Evolution of the Digital Divide across Developing Countries: Theoretical Issues and Empirical Investigation
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Chapter 83
Anand Chand
This chapter examines the role of People First Network (PFnet) services in enhancing information and communication and contributing to sustainable... Sample PDF
Reducing Digital Divide: The Case of the ‘People First Network’ (PFNet) in the Solomon Islands
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Chapter 84
Lesley Farmer
This chapter examines technological factors that influence the conditions and processes of adult learning, and how adult educators can deal with... Sample PDF
New Perspectives of Andragogy in Relation to the Use of Technology
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Chapter 85
Francesca Comunello
It is widely acknowledged that the label “digital divide” can be partially misleading, because it emphasizes a binary dichotomy (“haves vs. have... Sample PDF
From the Digital Divide to Multiple Divides: Technology, Society, and New Media Skills
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Chapter 86
Rick Swindell, Peter Grimbeek, Jan Heffernan
Population aging is refocusing aging policy away from mainly remedial actions towards low cost preventative interventions that keep older people... Sample PDF
U3A Online and Successful Aging: A Smart Way to Help Bridge the Grey Digital Divide
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Chapter 87
Yanina Welp
Given the lack of transparency and the extent to which corruption is endemic to most Latin American countries, it is not surprising to find a high... Sample PDF
Bridging the Political Gap?: The Adoption of ICTs for the Improvement of Latin American Parliamentary Democracy
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Chapter 88
Neil Selwyn, Keri Facer
This chapter discusses how digital exclusion continues to present a serious and significant threat to the successful establishment of developed and... Sample PDF
Beyond Digital Divide: Toward an Agenda for Change
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Chapter 89
Star A. Muir
Characterizations of youth growing up with the Internet as Digital Natives have begun a revolution in teaching, but have also been problematized in... Sample PDF
The Gloss and the Reality of Teaching Digital Natives: Taking the Long View
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Chapter 90
Rolf Schulmeister
An investigation into the students’ use of internet services, media types and e-learning preferences tried to find out if students today are... Sample PDF
Students, Internet, eLearning and Web 2.0
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Chapter 91
Mona Dahms
This chapter contains two main messages: First, the concept of the ’digital divide’ should be seen as part of the problem rather than as part of the... Sample PDF
Shifting Focus from Access to Impact: Can Computers Alleviate Poverty?
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Chapter 92
Driss Kettani, Bernard Moulin, Asmae El Mahdi
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) have a tremendous potential to improve the quality of people’s livelihood in general and... Sample PDF
Toward a Roadmap to E-Government for a Better Governance Toward a Roadmap to E-Government for a Better Governance
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