Digital Government and Citizen Participation in International Context

Digital Government and Citizen Participation in International Context

Karin Geiselhart (University of Canberra, Australia)
Copyright: © 2004 |Pages: 24
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-122-3.ch021
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Abstract

This book provides abundant evidence that the shift towards digital government is part of a sweeping set of changes. These are best viewed holistically, as they relate to pervasive shifts in the locus and purpose of many forms of control. These changes are visible in the gradual shift of terminology from ‘government’ to ‘governance’. This chapter outlines the implications of this shift at the international level, and the role of digital technologies in global citizenship. Participation in these new regimes of global governance includes individuals as well as corporations, international institutions and non-government agencies. The changes taking place are closely related to other aspects of globalisation, and the emerging patterns of communication and control all have correlates in the information systems that serve them. It is argued here that these patterns both influence and repeat at all scales. In the language of complex systems, these are fractal patterns. This and other concepts from complexity theory will be used to illustrate the growing interdependence of decision making at all levels, and the potential for these processes of governance to transform existing approaches to democracy. Digital participation is an essential element in these changes, and indicates vividly that all levels of governance are now interacting. This chapter conceptualises spheres of authority (Rosenau, 1997) as political attractors that can be simulated, where the rules of interaction are driven by the values of the actors (Theys, 1998). This perspective can help to understand new forms of individual and institutional participation in a systemic context. These new forms of governance, like the Internet itself, may require a set of generic protocols that operate across borders and scale from the local to the global. Overt democratic indicators may help address the global democratic deficit. Examples such as the Global Reporting Initiative may be seen as the early stages of such protocols. It is likely that in the future, mathematical modelling of governance patterns will become as widespread (and contested) as climate modelling is now. The implications of such an approach are discussed in the context of global digital participation. The governance of the Internet itself, through the mechanisms of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), provides a case study of current processes and their degree of democratic accountability. These patterns are compared with the corresponding agency in Australia, the Australian Domain Administration (AuDA). Both highlight the need for structured protocols for citizen engagement if the information infrastructure is to serve democratic ends.

Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Preface
Alexei Pavlichev, G. David Garson
Chapter 1
G. David Garson
E-government promises to mark a new era of greater convenience in citizen access to governmental forms, data, and information. Its advocates promise... Sample PDF
The Promise of Digital Government
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Chapter 2
Harold C. Relyea, Henry B. Hogue
Digital government may be regarded as the most recent development in the evolving application of electronic information technology to the... Sample PDF
A Brief History of the Emergence of Digital Government in the United States
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Chapter 3
Laura Forlano
This chapter gives an overview of the extent to which e-government has been adopted internationally by reviewing major comparative studies and case... Sample PDF
The Emergence of Digital Government: International Perspectives
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Chapter 4
Patricia Diamond Fletcher
This chapter evaluates the emerging electronic “portal” model of information and service delivery to U.S. citizens, businesses, and government... Sample PDF
Portals and Policy: Implications of Electronic Access to U.S. Federal Government Information Services
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Chapter 5
Joshua M. Franzel, David H. Coursey
Web portals are the dominant organizational motif for e-government service delivery. To date, most reviews of government portal experiences focus on... Sample PDF
Government Web Portals: Management Issues and the Approaches of Five States
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Chapter 6
Barbara Allen, Luc Juillet, Mike Miles, Gilles Paquet, Jeffrey Roy, Kevin Wilkins
This chapter examines the characteristics of government organizations that influence their capacity to employ information technology (IT) in a... Sample PDF
The Organizatonal Culture of Digital Government: Technology, Accountability & Shared Governance
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Chapter 7
Paul M.A. Baker, Costas Panagopoulos
Citizen participation-driven e-government is, in theory, a desirable objective of government. However, it is complex along a variety of dimensions... Sample PDF
Political Implications of Digital (e-) Government
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Chapter 8
Costas Panagopoulos
Emerging technology has provided public sector leaders with unprecedented opportunities to redefine the relationship between citizens and the state.... Sample PDF
Consequences of the Cyberstate: The Political Implications of Digital Government in International Context
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Chapter 9
Patrick R. Mullen
The growth of the Internet and digital government has dramatically increased the Federal government’s ability to collect, analyze, and disclose... Sample PDF
Digital Government and Individual Privacy
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Chapter 10
Mark K. Krysiak, Carla Tucker, David Spitzer, Kevin Holland
This essay is a careful examination of the effect of leveraging and integrating the power of the Internet as a tool in the total procurement process... Sample PDF
E-Procurement: State Government Learns from the Private Sector
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Chapter 11
Genie N.L. Stowers
This chapter examines three issues emerging in the fields of e-government service delivery and e-commerce — the need for and a potential structure... Sample PDF
Issues in E-Commerce and E-Government Service Delivery
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Chapter 12
J. William Holland
This chapter outlines the history of digital government in criminal justice, starting with the Johnson Administration’s findings concerning... Sample PDF
Digital Government and Criminal Justice
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Chapter 13
Carole Richardson
The modern focus on the application of business principles to the running of government is unique due to an escalated emphasis on divesting the... Sample PDF
Digital Government: Balancing Risk and Reward through Public/Private Partnerships
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Chapter 14
Ronald E. Anderson
After considering the high costs to digital government of inadequate ethical choices, the role of ethics in government generally is reviewed. While... Sample PDF
Ethics and Digital Government
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Chapter 15
Franklin Maxwell Haper
Data warehousing is a technology architecture designed to organize disparate data sources into a single repository of information. As such, it... Sample PDF
Data Warehousing and the Organization of Governmental Databases
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Chapter 16
Jon Gant, Donald S. Ijams
The focus of this chapter is to examine how government agencies are deploying geographic information systems (GIS) to enhance the delivery of... Sample PDF
Digital Government and Geographic Information Systems
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Chapter 17
Shannon Howle Schelin
The era of digital government is upon us. Are government officials and employees prepared for this paradigm shift? The use of digital government... Sample PDF
Training for Digital Government
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Chapter 18
Alexei Pavlichev
As public sector agencies use the e-government model to improve delivery of their services, it is important that this model become integrated into... Sample PDF
The E-Government Challenge for Public Administration
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Chapter 19
Richard Groper
There seems to be a consensus among scholars and pundits that the lack of access to the Internet among African-Americans and Latinos has created a... Sample PDF
Digital Government and the Digital Divide
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Chapter 20
Marc Holzer, Lung-Teng Hu, Seok-Hwi Song
This chapter addresses the topic of citizen participation via digital government in several sections: first, we discuss the relationship between... Sample PDF
Digital Government and Citizen Participation in the United States
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Chapter 21
Karin Geiselhart
This book provides abundant evidence that the shift towards digital government is part of a sweeping set of changes. These are best viewed... Sample PDF
Digital Government and Citizen Participation in International Context
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Chapter 22
Christopher Corbett
This chapter explores the challenges that we will collectively face as we make choices about the use and implementation of enabling technology for... Sample PDF
The Future of Digital Government
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About the Authors