Digital Library for Dental Biomaterials

Digital Library for Dental Biomaterials

Anka Letic-Gavrilovic (International Clinic for Neo-Organs - ICNO, Italy)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-292-3.ch015
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In this chapter, the author will demonstrate and describe a project to develop a unique database with multilingual information and knowledge resource for biomedical dental materials and their properties. The database will be populated with high-quality, peer-reviewed information, equipped with an original search engine which would include all necessary information to (1) do standardization of therapeutic treatments (2) understand, the tissue response to biomaterials; (3) identify biomaterials and tissue matrix environment, to allow deeper understanding of the underlying relationship which allow more effective device design and engineering; (4) develop enabling tools by improvements in high-throughput assay and instrumentation, imaging, modalities, fabrication technologies, computational modelling and bioinformatics;(5) promote scale up, translation and commercialisation.
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The digital revolution affects our lives daily. The introduction of computer technology has greatly affected the way the restorative dentist practices, and the evolution of cyber technologies in dentistry are no longer a fantasy. Adhesive dentistry has replaced the manner in which we prepare, restore, and bond restorations to teeth. The entire field of ceramics and methods of fabricating aesthetic restorations are entering a new era. The exceptional prognosis of various implant systems has changed the way we think about maintaining hopeless teeth. Through tissue engineering (TE), the 21st century may be revolutionary in the way we replace missing teeth and lost tooth structure.

Further on, in today’s globalized world, scientific discoveries are introduced and swiftly absorbed into clinical practice. In dentistry, new products are launched daily, most of which are used in oral and dental surgery. When these products or biomaterials, are used, they come into direct contact with living tissues, such as dentin, pulp, the alveolar bone and periodontal tissue, and sometimes stay in contact for prolonged periods (Figure 2a).

Figure 2.

(a) Examples of application of few biomaterials in Maxillo-facial and oral surgery reconstructions; (b) List of few digital libraries existing on WEB where biomaterial’ s characteristics could be found

In order to gather together huge knowledge from this interdisciplinary field, we will try to help in this work, organizing digital library for dental biomaterials, its long-term preservation, accessibility and usability. Consequently, our tem plan to create new digital library which will be designed to cover the following aims, as presented in Road map at Figure 1.

Figure 1.

System architecture of digital library for dental biomaterials

  • Allowing content and knowledge to be produced, stored, managed, personalized, transmitted, preserved and used reliably, efficiently and at low cost;

  • Allowing making the management and production tools for digital resources easier and more cost- effective, to create and reuse;

  • Allowing more creative approaches to content and knowledge, enabling creators to design more participative and communicative media and increase the productivity of publishers;

  • Enabling the mass-individualization of learning experiences, through systems allowing faster acquisition of competences and skills, increased knowledge worker productivity, and more efficient organizational future learning processes.

Biomaterial is defined, in the broader sense, as any pharmacologically inert material that is capable of interacting with a living organism without causing adverse reactions either at the site of the implant or across the whole organism (Agrawal,1998). The treatment with dental biomaterials of gum, mucosal and hard tissues, represents a therapeutic risk that can only be contained if the dental professional has knowledge of the qualities, strengths and properties of the products (Figure 3). The use of biomaterials without any recognized criteria for bio-safety not only causes clinical problems such as therapeutic failure, but also gives rise to ethically conflicting situations (Figure 13). This is because the patient may undergo treatment without knowing about the subsequent risks, either to himself or to the dental professional.

Figure 3.

Food and Drug Administration – Department of Health and Human Services- Listing of Dental Devices (Changed and adapted)

Complete Chapter List

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Petros Koidis
Andriani Daskalaki
Andriani Daskalaki
Chapter 1
Demetrios J. Halazonetis
Cephalometric analysis has been a routine diagnostic procedure in Orthodontics for more than 60 years, traditionally employing the measurement of... Sample PDF
Software Support for Advanced Cephalometric Analysis in Orthodontics
Chapter 2
Jorg Hendricks, Gert Wollny, Alexander Hemprich, Thomas Hierl
This chapter presents a toolchain including image segmentation, rigid registration and a voxel based non-rigid registration as well as 3D... Sample PDF
A New Software Environment for 3D-Time Series Analysis
Chapter 3
Antheunis Versluis, Daranee Tantbirojn
Residual stress due to polymerization shrinkage of restorative dental materials has been associated with a number of clinical symptoms, ranging from... Sample PDF
Relationship Between Shrinkage and Stress
Chapter 4
Andreas Vogel
This chapter introduces a computer-controlled method for mandible alignment. The exact positioning of the mandible in relation to the maxilla is... Sample PDF
An Objective Registration Method for Mandible Alignment
Chapter 5
Thomas Hierl, Heike Huempfner-Hierl, Daniel Kruber, Thomas Gaebler, Alexander Hemprich, Gert Wollny
This chapter discusses the requirements of an image analysis tool designed for dentistry and oral and maxillofacial surgery focussing on 3D-image... Sample PDF
Requirements for a Universal Image Analysis Tool in Dentistry and Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Chapter 6
N.A. Borghese, I. Frosio
This chapter shows how large improvement in image quality can be obtained when radiographs are filtered using adequate statistical models. In... Sample PDF
Denoising and Contrast Enhancement in Dental Radiography
Chapter 7
Ralf K.W. Schulze
Established techniques for three-dimensional radiographic reconstruction such as computed tomography (CT) or, more recently cone beam computed... Sample PDF
3D Reconstructions from Few Projections in Oral Radiology
Chapter 8
Shital Patel, Yos Morsi
Tooth loss due to several reasons affects most people adversely at some time in their lives. A biological tooth substitute, which could not only... Sample PDF
Advances and Trends in Tissue Engineering of Teeth
Chapter 9
Wei-Bang Chen, Chengcui Zhang
Bacterial colony enumeration is an essential tool for many widely used biomedical assays. This chapter introduces a cost-effective and fully... Sample PDF
Automated Bacterial Colony Counting for Clonogenic Assay
Chapter 10
Michele Jacotti, Domenico Ciambrone
In this chapter the authors describe a new system for guided surgery in implantology. The aim of this system is to have a “user friendly”... Sample PDF
A New System in Guided Surgery: The Flatguide(TM) System
Chapter 11
Ferenc Pongracz
Intraoperative transfer of the implant and prosthesis planning in dentistry is facilitated by drilling templates or active, image-guided navigation.... Sample PDF
Visualization and Modelling in Dental Implantology
Chapter 12
Antonios Zampelis, George Tsamasphyros
Biomechanical research has gained recognition in medical sciences. Osseointegrated dental implants, being medical devices functioning under constant... Sample PDF
Finite Element Analysis and its Application in Dental Implant Research
Chapter 13
Amit Chattopadhyay, Tiago Coelho de Souza, Oscar Arevalo
Electronic Oral Health Records (EOHRs) contains all personal health information belonging to an individual and is entered and accessed... Sample PDF
Electronic Oral Health Records in Practice and Research
Chapter 14
Maxim Kolesnikov, Arnold D. Steinberg, Milos Zefran
This chapter describes the haptic dental simulator developed at the University of Illinois at Chicago. It explores its use and advantages as an... Sample PDF
Haptic-Based Virtual Reality Dental Simulator as an Educational Tool
Chapter 15
Anka Letic-Gavrilovic
In this chapter, the author will demonstrate and describe a project to develop a unique database with multilingual information and knowledge... Sample PDF
Digital Library for Dental Biomaterials
Chapter 16
Petros Koidis, Marianthi Manda
The present chapter deals with the introduction and implementation of rapid prototyping technologies in medical and dental field. Its purpose is to... Sample PDF
Rapid Prototyping and Dental Applications
Chapter 17
Hiroo Tamagawa, Hideaki Amano, Naoji Hayashi, Yasuyuki Hirose
In this chapter, the authors report the minimal set of characters from the Unicode Standard that is sufficient for the notation of human dentition... Sample PDF
Unicode Characters for Human Dentition: New Foundation for Standardized Data Exchange and Notation in Countries Employing Double-Byte Character Sets
Chapter 18
Nikos Nikolaidis, Ioannis Marras, Georgios Mikrogeorgis, Kleoniki Lyroudia, Ioannis Pitas
The availability of datasets comprising of digitized images of human body cross sections (as well as images acquired with other modalities such as... Sample PDF
Virtual Dental Patient: A 3D Oral Cavity Model and its Use in Haptics-Based Virtual Reality Cavity Preparation in Endodontics
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