Distance Learning as a Form of Accommodation

Distance Learning as a Form of Accommodation

Terence W. Cavanaugh (University of North Florida, USA)
Copyright: © 2004 |Pages: 32
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-154-4.ch005
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Over the recent past, the population in schools and the options for education have changed. Recently, the number of students identified as special needs has increased, as has the number of special needs students included in “regular” classrooms. Specific laws pertain to their education, including the U.S. Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA), which requires that students with disabilities each have Individual Education Plans (IEP). An aspect of the IEP is the possibility of using assistive technology to assist in the student’s education or in accommodation or modifications needed for disabled access. The web-based learning environment itself can be considered an accommodation or modification of instruction to meet the needs of special needs students. Opportunities are increasing in the online distance learning environment for colleges and universities, and the increase is expanding to the high school and middle school programs. When creating online instruction, it is important to follow the accessibility standards such as the Section 508 and W3C accessibility standards to enable persons with disabilities access to the educational material. Within the U.S., more than 26,000 K-12 students classified as IDEA hospital/homebound, received education through some form of “distance education” as of 1999. While the methods of instruction do not commonly include online delivery, it is an option that should be investigated. In-depth examples of a school system’s hospital/homebound program, online programs being used by a school for students with disabilities, and a state public online school and its interactions with students with disabilities are presented. The results of a survey of online schools and their services for students with disabilities are also reported.

Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Catherine Cavanaugh
Chapter 1
Glenn Russell
This chapter investigates some of the critical issues associated with virtual schools. It reviews historical forms of school education and the... Sample PDF
Virtual Schools: A Critical View
Chapter 2
Gaye Long
Why build a Virtual School? The rationale for the virtual school project arose from the need to address the shortage of teachers, especially in the... Sample PDF
Administering a Virtual School
Chapter 3
Margaret Haughey, William Muirhead
Although Canada has offered alternative forms of schooling through distance education for over a century, the advent of online schooling options has... Sample PDF
Managing Virtual Schools: The Canadian Experience
Chapter 4
Cathy Cavanaugh
Virtual school administrators and course designers can address the needs of virtual school students using established quality guidelines and... Sample PDF
Distance Learning Success Factors in the Resources-Processes-Results Cycle and Virtual School Accreditation
Chapter 5
Terence W. Cavanaugh
Over the recent past, the population in schools and the options for education have changed. Recently, the number of students identified as special... Sample PDF
Distance Learning as a Form of Accommodation
Chapter 6
Sharon Johnston
With the launch of six courses in January 1997, Florida Virtual School (FLVS) became a new resource for all students in Florida. FLVS teachers... Sample PDF
Teaching Any Time, Any Place, Any Pace
Chapter 7
Janice M. Hinson, Rachel Bordelon Sellers
The Internet is redesigning the delivery of instruction, and, consequently, time, space and distance are no longer constraints to teachers and... Sample PDF
Professional Development Recommendations for Online Courses
Chapter 8
James E. Schnitz, Janet W. Azbell
The nature of digital content and tools, coupled with the communications capabilities available through online instruction, can, if leveraged... Sample PDF
Instructional Design Factors and Requirements for Online Courses and Modules
Chapter 9
Ken Stevens
As rural communities and schools decline in size educational policy makers often question their viability. In the Canadian province of Newfoundland... Sample PDF
The Management of Virtual Classes in School District Digital Intranets
Chapter 10
Donna Pendergast, Cushla Kapitzke
In 2002 a review of the educational and technical performance of the Virtual Schooling Service being tested in Queensland, Australia, was conducted.... Sample PDF
Virtual Vignettes and Pedagogical Potentials: Insights into a Virtual Schooling Service
Chapter 11
John M. Carroll, Dennis C. Neale, Phillip L. Isenhour
We describe an evaluation tool used by teachers and researchers to study the impact of computer-mediated collaborative and communication... Sample PDF
The Collaborative Critical Incident Tool: Supporting Reflection and Evaluation in a Web Community
Chapter 12
Leo Tan Wee Hin, R. Subramaniam
A university-science center partnership called Science Net has been functioning as a virtual school for the extension (science) education of the... Sample PDF
Science Net: A Virtual School for the Extension Education of the Public Singapore
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