Electronic Oral Health Records (EOHRs) contains all personal health information belonging to an individual and is entered and accessed electronically by healthcare providers over the person’s lifetime. This chapter presents a systematic review about EOHRs, describes the current status of availability of EOHR systems, benefits and barriers for implementation and EOHR usage in clinical, public health and research settings to pave the way for their rapid deployment. The chapter draws the scenario of how a fully integrated EOHR system would work and discuss the requirements for computer resources, connectivity issues, data security, legal framework within which a fully integrated EOHR may be accessed for real time data retrieval in service of good patient care practices. This chapter also describes the need for defining required criteria to establish research and routine clinical EOHR and how their differences may impact utilization and research opportunities to establish practice-based research networks.
What Is Eohr?
Terminology of EHRs have undergone several changes and currently several terms are still used to represent EHRs. Terms such as: automated medical record (AMR), clinical data repository (CDR), computerized medical record (CMR), computerized patient record (CPR), computer-based patient record system (CPRS), electronic health record (EHR), electronic medical record (EMR), electronic patient record (EPR), lifetime data repository (LDR), virtual health record (VHR), virtual patient record (VPR) are some of the terms that have used interchangeably for EHRs. In dentistry, these systems have been variously referred to as: “electronic dental records”, “dental electronic records”, “electronic dental patient records”, “electronic patient record system”, “computer-based patient record”, and “dental EHR”. However, the term EOHR is more comprehensive compared to and is frequently being used universally – therefore, we resolved to use this term.