An Empirical Study to Validate the Technology Acceptance Model in Explaining the Intention to Use Technology among Educational Users

An Empirical Study to Validate the Technology Acceptance Model in Explaining the Intention to Use Technology among Educational Users

Timothy Teo (Nanyang Technological University, Singapore)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-61350-468-0.ch023
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This study examines a sample (N=239) of pre-service teachers’ self-reported intention to use technology. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was used as a research framework in which findings contribute to technology acceptance research by demonstrating the suitability of the TAM to explain the intention to use technology among educational users. Using the structural equation modelling for data analysis, a good fit was found for both the measurement and structural models. Overall, the results of this study offer evidence that the TAM is effective in predicting pre-service teachers’ intention to use technology. This paper concludes with a discussion of the limitations and recommendations for further study.
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Despite evidence showing technology to having an impact on educational practices and policies and subsequently have the potential to alter traditional definitions of education, the use of the computer in classrooms often remains peripheral and minimal and teachers do not appear to make effective use of technology for teaching (Zhao & Cziko, 2001). In many education systems, the teacher is a key influence to the effective use of technology in the educational system (Zhao, Tan, & Mishra, 2001) and plays a decisive role in determining computer use among their students (Teo, 2006). Hence, it is important to understand the factors that influence teachers’ ability to cope with the pressures presented by the rapid advancements in educational technology and changes in educational policies.

While stakeholders in education expect teachers to engage technology in accordance with the belief that technology has an impact on students’ learning, it must be borne in mind that teachers are affected by many variables that interact with each other that either facilitate or act as barriers to their use of technology. These include personal factors, such as computer self-efficacy (Gong, Xu, & Yu, 2004; Teo, 2008), technical factors, such as technological complexity (Teo, 2009; Thong, Hong, & Tam, 2002), and environmental factor, such as facilitating conditions (Ngai, Poon, & Chan, 2007; Teo, Lee, & Chai, 2008). The fact remains, that fostering technology acceptance among individual teachers is a big challenge for school administrators, technology advocates, and governmental agencies.

User acceptance refers to a willingness to adopt information technology for the tasks it is designed to support. For some long time, developers and procurers of technology could only rely on organizational authority to ensure that technology was used, in the case of many industrial/organizational contexts. However, the changing working practices in recent years among many organizations have enabled greater discretion among technology users. As such there is a need for these organizations to consider the dynamics of user acceptance and how this impacts on technology adoption and usage in their work environments. For this reason, technology acceptance has become an important topic and one of the most researched areas in the information science literature in recent years (Smarkola, 2007).

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Table of Contents
Lawrence A. Tomei
Chapter 1
Louis B. Swartz, Michele T. Cole, Daniel J. Shelley
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Instructor Satisfaction with Teaching Business Law: Online vs. Onground
Chapter 2
Arjan Raven, Elke Leeds, ChongWoo Park
This paper reports the results of a confirmatory study of a Task Technology Fit (TTF) model. Three dimensions of fit: Task Match, Ease of Use, and... Sample PDF
Digital Video Presentation and Student Performance: A Task Technology Fit Perspective
Chapter 3
Nwachukwu Prince Ololube, Andrew Egba Ubogu, Daniel Elemchukwu Egbezor, Ugbomah Nwachukwu
The effective ways of teaching research methods to students is a process closely connected to socializing students towards writing an effective... Sample PDF
Evaluating Faculty Teaching of Research Methodology to Undergraduate Geography Students in a Nigerian University
Chapter 4
Joseph Blankson, Lydia Kyei-Blankson, Jared Keengwe
In addition to possessing content knowledge required to teach students, today’s teachers must be well equipped with appropriate technology skills... Sample PDF
Teachers and Technology: Enhancing Technology Competencies for Preservice Teachers
Chapter 5
Pereware Aghwotu Tiemo, O. T. Emiri, Adobi Jessica Tiemo
In order to bridge the digital gap and to facilitate the use of ICT in teaching and learning among lecturers and students in Nigeria universities... Sample PDF
Information and Communication Technology Training among Lecturers in the South-South Zone in Nigeria by the Nigeria Communication Commission
Chapter 6
M. Erdal Balaban, Melih Kirlidog, Zerrin Ayvaz-Reis
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Perceived Importance and Resource Constraints of Graduate Information Systems Courses in Turkey
Chapter 7
D. Scott Hunsinger, Judy Land, Charlie C. Chen
Many colleges and universities face the problem of recruiting and retaining students in information systems-related majors. The authors’ study... Sample PDF
Enhancing Students’ Loyalty to the Information Systems Major
Chapter 8
Benjamin K.S. Khoo
A major limitation in traditional class lectures that uses textbooks, handouts, transparencies and assignments is that students often are unable to... Sample PDF
User Interface Design Pedagogy: A Constructionist Approach
Chapter 9
Albert Akyeampong, Teresa Franklin, Jared Keengwe
This study explored one primary question: To what extent do student perceptions of various forms of instructional technology tools predict... Sample PDF
Technology and Teacher Education: Student Evaluation of Faculty Instructional Quality
Chapter 10
Chia-Wen Tsai
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Facilitating Students to Earn Computing Certificates via Blended Learning in Online Problem-Solving Environment: A Cross-Course-Orientation Comparison
Chapter 11
K. Giotopoulos, C. Alexakos, G. Beligiannis, A. Stefani
This paper presents a newly developed student model agent, which is the basic part of an e-learning environment that incorporates Intelligent Agents... Sample PDF
Bringing AI to E-Learning: The Case of a Modular, Highly Adaptive System
Chapter 12
Timothy Teo
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A Cross-Cultural Validation of the Selwyn’s Computer Attitude Scale
Chapter 13
Taralynn Hartsell, Sherry S. Herron, Houbin Fang, Avinash Rathod
Using technology tools in math instruction can help stimulate problem-solving skills and understanding of math concepts. However, teachers need to... Sample PDF
Improving Teachers’ Self-Confidence in Learning Technology Skills and Math Education through Professional Development
Chapter 14
Tom Adamich
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Materials-to-Standards Alignment: How to “Chunk” a Whole Cake and Even Use the “Crumbs”: State Standards Alignment Models, Learning Objects, and Formative Assessment – Methodologies and Metadata for Education
Chapter 15
Shuyan Wang, Hong Zhan
This article intends to help educators interested in technology integration in the classroom acquire a firm theoretical foundation, pedagogical... Sample PDF
Enhancing Teaching and Learning with Digital Storytelling
Chapter 16
Jared Keengwe, David Georgina, Patrick Wachira
One of the unprecedented benefits of campus-wide distance learning strategies has been the incorporation of more technology-based pedagogy into... Sample PDF
Faculty Training Strategies to Enhance Pedagogy-Technology Integration
Chapter 17
Natcha Pavasajjanant
This paper presents a view of the effectiveness of teaching and learning systems by focusing on how courses using ICT can be designed based on... Sample PDF
Effectiveness of International Distance Education in High School between Thailand and Japan
Chapter 18
Chetan Sankar, Howard Clayton
For college graduates to be successful in today’s global economy there has been an increasing demand for them to possess business knowledge as well... Sample PDF
An Evaluation of Use of Multimedia Case Studies to Improve an Introduction to Information Technology Course
Chapter 19
Nahed Kandeel, Youssreya Ibrahim
This paper investigates student nurses’ perceptions of the impact of using information technology (IT) on teaching and learning critical care... Sample PDF
Student Nurses’ Perception on the Impact of Information Technology on Teaching and Learning
Chapter 20
Terry T. Kidd, Jared Keengwe
With the call for educational reform in American public schools, various school districts have embarked on the process of reforming classroom... Sample PDF
Technology Integration and Urban Schools: Implications for Instructional Practices
Chapter 21
Evelyn Gullett, Mamata Bhandar
This article is based on an exploratory study on the use of blogs to support learning in an online MBA school. In this paper, the authors examine... Sample PDF
Evaluating Student Perceptions of Using Blogs in an Online Course
Chapter 22
Babita Gupta, Yangmo Koo
As mobile devices’ use among consumers accelerates at an exponential rate, there is a need to examine how these mobile devices can be used as... Sample PDF
Applications of Mobile Learning in Higher Education: An Empirical Study
Chapter 23
Timothy Teo
This study examines a sample (N=239) of pre-service teachers’ self-reported intention to use technology. The Technology Acceptance Model (TAM) was... Sample PDF
An Empirical Study to Validate the Technology Acceptance Model in Explaining the Intention to Use Technology among Educational Users
Chapter 24
Eduardo Correia, Ricky Watson
Problem-based learning has been well-documented, from its early days in the teaching of medical professionals to its more recent use in other... Sample PDF
Problem-Based Learning in a Technical Course in Computing: A Case Study
Chapter 25
Kittipong Laosethakul, Thaweephan Leingpibul, Thomas Coe
A potential explanation for the decline of female participation in computing-related education and careers in the United States is the perception... Sample PDF
Investigation into Gender Perception toward Computing: A Comparison between the U.S. and India
Chapter 26
Manjit Singh Sidhu, Lee Chen Kang
Improving and enhancing education has been a prime goal for higher learning institutions that seek to provide better learning techniques... Sample PDF
Emerging Trends and Technologies for Enhancing Engineering Education: An Overview
Chapter 27
Solomon Negash
While the digital revolution has transformed the way many of us work and live, more than half the world’s population lives in rural areas that have... Sample PDF
Accessing ICT Enabled Content in Low-Income Countries: Think Big, Start Small, and Scale Up
Chapter 28
Bolanle A. Olaniran, Natasha Rodriguez
The use of information technology to enhance classroom learning and deliver corporate training is the latest trend and focus of much research in the... Sample PDF
The Role of Computer-Mediated Communication: A Look at Methods for Delivering and Facilitating Training in Academic and Organizational Settings
Chapter 29
Jin Yang
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