Employing Context Information and Semantics to Advance Responsiveness in Service Composition

Employing Context Information and Semantics to Advance Responsiveness in Service Composition

Carsten Jacob (Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems (FOKUS), Germany), Heiko Pfeffer (Fraunhofer Institute for Open Communication Systems (FOKUS), Germany) and Stephan Steglich (Technische Universität Berlin, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-290-9.ch007
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The idea of context-aware services has been around for a long time. The rise of user mobility enabled by well-equipped mobile devices, increasing interconnectedness and available service platforms such as the mobile Web offers new possibilities for context-aware computing, but, at the same time, produces a number of novel challenges. In this chapter, the authors observe current approaches in this active research area, and identify the respective challenges, achievements, and trends. The authors also extend the notion of context-aware services by considering service composition approaches, and present a middleware aiming at the autonomic and context-aware provision of services in mobile peer-to-peer networks. In this regard special attention is paid to a semantic blackboard concept to cache and disseminate context data and a context-aware service composition approach in terms of the identified trends and challenges.
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Increasing user mobility, availability of services, and capabilities of mobile devices all offer new opportunities for the provision of services, but also introduce substantial new requirements and challenges.

Chen and Kotz (2000) examined the status of context-aware mobile computing in 2000 and named the key examples and achievements in this area at that time. Starting from general definitions of context and context-awareness, four possible categories for context are depicted that extend the three categories proposed by Schilit et al. (1994): computing context, user context, physical context, and time the extra category. Their survey also lists a number of context-aware applications developed at that time, concluding that the type of context information mostly applied was location information (1). It is not clear to the authors whether other kinds of context information are more difficult to sense or simply not that useful. Their representation of context information gives six categories: location model, key-value pairs, tagged encoding, object-oriented model, logic-based model, and others (2). In terms of system infrastructure two kinds were identified: those with a centralized structure and those with a decentralized one (3).

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Thomas Strang
Theo Kanter
Dragan Stojanovic
Dragan Stojanovic
Chapter 1
Davy Preuveneers, Koen Victor, Yves Vanrompay, Peter Rigole, Manuele Kirsch Pinheiro
In recent years, many researchers have studied context-awareness to support non-intrusive adaptability of context-aware applications. Context-aware... Sample PDF
Context-Aware Adaptation in an Ecology of Applications
Chapter 2
Tarak Chaari, Mohamed Zouari, Frédérique Laforest
Pervasive information systems aim to make information available anywhere and at anytime. These systems should be used in different contexts... Sample PDF
Ontology Based Context-Aware Adaptation Approach
Chapter 3
Florian Daniel
Adaptivity (the runtime adaptation to user profile data) and context-awareness (the runtime adaptation to generic context data) have been gaining... Sample PDF
Context-Aware Applications for the Web: A Model-Driven Development Approach
Chapter 4
I. Roussaki, M. Strimpakou, C. Pils, N. Kalatzis, N. Liampotis
In ubiquitous computing environments, context management systems are expected to administrate large volumes of spatial and non-spatial information... Sample PDF
Distributed Context Management in Support of Multiple Remote Users
Chapter 5
Jared Zebedee, Patrick Martin, Kirk Wilson, Wendy Powley
Pervasive computing presents an exciting realm where intelligent devices interact within the background of our environments to create a more... Sample PDF
An Adaptable Context Management Framework for Pervasive Computing
Chapter 6
Yuanping Li, Ling Feng, Lizhu Zhou
Context is an essential element in mobile and ubiquitous computing. Users’ information needs can be better understood and supplied by means of... Sample PDF
Context-Aware Database Querying: Recent Progress and Challenges
Chapter 7
Carsten Jacob, Heiko Pfeffer, Stephan Steglich
The idea of context-aware services has been around for a long time. The rise of user mobility enabled by well-equipped mobile devices, increasing... Sample PDF
Employing Context Information and Semantics to Advance Responsiveness in Service Composition
Chapter 8
Heinz-Josef Eikerling, Pietro Mazzoleni
The authors present a holistic approach for the efficient design, implementation, and validation of context-aware mobile services. The according... Sample PDF
A Methodology for the Design, Development and Validation of Adaptive and Context-Aware Mobile Services
Chapter 9
Stefan Dietze, Alessio Gugliotta, John Domingue
Context-awareness is highly desired, particularly in highly dynamic mobile environments. Semantic Web Services (SWS) address context-adaptation by... Sample PDF
Bridging the Gap between Mobile Application Contexts and Semantic Web Resources
Chapter 10
Claudia Raibulet
Due to its nature, a mobile-enabled environment is very dynamic: reachable resources and services change very often. Users hardly know which... Sample PDF
Adaptive Resource and Service Management in a Mobile-Enabled Environment
Chapter 11
Nahuel Lofeudo, Andrés Fortier, Gustavo Rossi
Mobile context-aware applications have specific needs regarding data communications and position sensing, that current standard hardware is still... Sample PDF
Kindergarten: A Novel Communication Mechanism for Mobile Context-Aware Applications
Chapter 12
Laurent Gomez, Annett Laube, Alessandro Sorniotti
Access control is the process of granting permissions in accordance to an authorization policy. Mobile and ubiquitous environments challenge... Sample PDF
Access Control in Mobile and Ubiquitous Environments
Chapter 13
Amr Ali Eldin, Semir Daskapan, Jan van den Berg
With the growing interest in context-aware services, attention has been given to privacy and trust issues. Context-aware privacy architectures are... Sample PDF
Privacy Automation in Context-Aware Services
Chapter 14
Adrien Joly, Pierre Maret, Fabien Bataille
These times, when the amount of information exponentially grows on the Internet, when most people can be connected at all times with powerful... Sample PDF
Leveraging Semantic Technologies towards Social Ambient Intelligence
Chapter 15
Federica Paganelli, Dino Giuli
The delivery of real-time, context-aware, and personalized information to end-users for mobility support is a high-priority objective in improving... Sample PDF
An Evaluation of Context-Aware Infomobility Systems
Chapter 16
Nikos Tsianos, Panagiotis Germanakos, Zacharias Lekkas, Constantinos Mourlas
The notion of context in context-aware applications is not merely an issue of external situational circumstances or device/channel properties, but... Sample PDF
Incorporating Human Factors in the Development of Context-Aware Personalized Applications: The Next Generation of Intelligent User Interfaces
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