Environments for Virtual Enterprise Integration
Maria Manuela Cunha (Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave, Higher School of Technology, Portugal), Goran D. Putnik (University of Minho, School of Engineering, Portugal) and Paulo Silva Ávila (Polytechnic Institute of Porto, Institute of Engineering, Portugal)
Copyright: © 2007
The virtual enterprise model is an emerging approach in answer to the new requirements of the business environment, relying on dynamically-reconfigurable partnerships, with extremely high performances, strongly time-oriented while being highly focused on cost and quality, in permanent alignment with the market, and strongly supported by information and communication technology, dictating a paradigm face shift to the traditional organizational models. Networking and reconfiguration dynamics are the main characteristics of this model,requiring enabling and supporting environments, at bearable costs. Some existing technologies and Internet-based environments can partially support this organizational model, but the reconfiguration dynamics can only be assured by environments able to manage, control, and enable networking and dynamics in virtual enterprise creation/reconfiguration. Several environments are introduced in the chapter, and particular focus is given to the market of resources, an environment coping with the requirements of the virtual enterprise model.