ERP Systems in Higher Education from Regional Perspective

ERP Systems in Higher Education from Regional Perspective

Mateja Podlogar (University of Maribor, Slovenia) and Katalin Ternai (Corvinus University of Budapest, Hungary)
Copyright: © 2009 |Pages: 13
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59904-859-8.ch022
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Abstract

This chapter introduces the ERP systems, their complexity, and especially their integration in higher education as a significant challenge for many institutions. Information society paradigm, globalization, and the rapidly changing environment affect the contents and organization of higher education. In the always-conservative academic world, the organizational structure is very hierarchical and the knowledge transfer is fragmented. The real-world requirements are just the opposite; there is a vast demand for students and professionals having the ability of integration, cooperation, and knowledge absorption. During the last years, European Countries went through an intensive development and changing phase in which the experiences of transition and coping with the information society requirements mixed up. A way to develop training programs in the higher education on an integrated ERP platform from regional perspective is also illustrated in the chapter.
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The Evolution Of Erp Systems

An enterprise’s success is related to the speed with which it can respond to changes in its business environment and create value for its chosen market space. Today it is almost impossible to run a competitive business without a computerized information system. The rapidly increasing use of the web has changed the manner in which business is done in almost all organizations. Computer-based information systems in conjunction with web applications are enhancing competitiveness and creating strategic advantage to organizations.

Providing a computerized solution to a business problem may require integrating a lot of information systems. ERP (Enterprise Resources Planning) systems are one of the most popular enterprise applications, and present a new model of enterprisewide computing. (Figure 1) They allow enterprises to replace their legacy systems with a single, integrated system, in which it is possible to plan and manage the use of the resources of an entire enterprise. We can say that ERP is a structured approach to optimizing an enterprise’s internal value chain (Norris et al., 2000). What ERP really does is organize, codify, and standardize an enterprise’s business processes and data. The software transforms transactional data into useful information and collates the data so that it can be analyzed. In this way, all of the collected transactional data becomes information that enterprises can use to support business decision-making (Norris et al., 2000). The main benefits are the increased efficiency, the improved quality, productivity, and profitability and they require major changes to organizational, cultural, and business processes.

Figure 1,

ERP evolution (Turban et al., 2002)

Key Terms in this Chapter

Internet Demonstration and Evaluation System (IDES): Represents a model company in the SAP system. It consists of an international group with subsidiaries in several countries. IDES contains application data for various business scenarios. The business processes in the IDES system are designed to reflect real-life business requirements, and have access to many realistic characteristics. The focal point of IDES is not the functionality itself, but the business processes and their integration.

Knowledge Integration: Means the networking of knowledge from different fields/departments (management, business economics, corporate finance, information management …), processes, human resources, their tasks and the information and communication technology used.

Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP): The information pipeline system within a company, which allows the company to move internal information efficiently so that it may be used for decision support inside the company and communicated via e-business technology to business partners throughout the supply chain. It is an enterprise-wide set of forecasting, planning, and scheduling tool, which inks customers and suppliers into a complete supply chain, employs proven processes for decision-making, and coordinates sales, marketing, operations, logistics, purchasing, finance, product development, and human resources.

University Alliance: It is an alliance program for enabling curriculum innovations at the undergraduate and postgraduate levels often under a certain subject, such as Information Systems (IS).

Excellence Center: An open platform for co-operation of universities, colleges which agreed in joint development of curricula, joint development and exchange of teaching material, also in joint teaching activities.

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Editorial Advisory Board
Table of Contents
Preface
Jatinder N. D. Gupta, Sushil Sharma, Mohammad A. Rashid
Acknowledgment
Jatinder N. D. Gupta, Sushil Sharma, Mohammad A. Rashid
Chapter 1
Nancy Alexopoulou, Panagiotis Kanellis, Mara Nikolaidou, Drakoulis Martakos
Efficient response to change, both upon expected and unpredicted contingencies, is a critical characteristic for modern enterprises. This chapter... Sample PDF
A Holistic Approach for Enterprise Agility
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Chapter 2
Hossana H. Aberra
SAP Business Blueprint is a vital part of SAP implementation exercise. A well-defined business blueprint may set the foundation for successful... Sample PDF
What is SAP Business Blueprint?
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Chapter 3
Rogerio Atem de Carvalho
This chapter introduces the key aspects of Free/Open Source Enterprise Resources Planning systems (FOS-ERP). Starting by related work carried out by... Sample PDF
Free and Open Source Enterprise Resources Planning
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Chapter 4
Brian H. Cameron
Business process modeling (BPM) is a topic that is generating much interest in the information technology (IT) industry today. Business analysts... Sample PDF
The Changing Nature of Business Process Modeling: Implications for Enterprise Systems Integration
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Chapter 5
Alok Mishra
In the age of globalization, organizations all over the world are giving more significance to strategy and planning to get an edge in the... Sample PDF
Enterprise Resource Planning Systems: Effects and Strategic Perspectives in Organizations
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Chapter 6
Gary P. Moynihan
An executive information system (EIS) is a software system designed to support the informational needs of senior management. The EIS is... Sample PDF
An Overview of Executive Information Systems
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Chapter 7
Joseph Bradley
Enterprise Resource Planning systems have proven difficult and costly to implement. Organizations must consider the risks and rewards of embarking... Sample PDF
Enterprise Resource Planning System Risks and Rewards
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Chapter 8
Andrea Masini
After observing that the pervasiveness of IT may soon render it strategically irrelevant, management scholars have recently questioned the value of... Sample PDF
ERP-Driven Performance Changes and Process Isomorphism
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Chapter 9
Ronda R. Henning
The application software life cycle considers the functionality of a given collection of components within the context of a consumer’s requirements... Sample PDF
Application Integration within the Enterprise Context
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Chapter 10
Sanjay Mathrani, Mohammad A. Rashid, Dennis Viehland
A significant investment in resources is required for implementation of integrated enterprise systems as technology solutions while the... Sample PDF
The Impact of Enterprise Systems on Business Value
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Chapter 11
Charlotte H. Mason, Aleda V. Roth
Growing competitive pressures and escalating customer demands have led businesses to sophisticated information technology to manage costs and... Sample PDF
The Right Path to SCM-CRM Integration
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Chapter 12
Euripidis Loukis, Ioakim Sapounas, Konstantinos Aivalis
This chapter is dealing with the alignment of enterprise systems with business strategy and its impact on the business value that enterprise systems... Sample PDF
Enterprise Systems Strategic Alignment and Business Value
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Chapter 13
Sanjay Mathrani, Mohammad A. Rashid, Dennis Viehland
The market for enterprise systems (ES), continues to grow in the post millennium era as businesses become increasingly global, highly competitive... Sample PDF
Enterprise Systems in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises
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Chapter 14
Kerstin Fink, Christian Ploder
Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) are a vital and growing part of any national economy. Like most large businesses, SMEs have recognized the... Sample PDF
Integration Concept for Knowledge Processes, Methods, and Software for SMEs
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Chapter 15
Tobias Schoenherr, Ditmar Hilpert, Ashok K. Soni, M.A. Venkataramanan, Vincent A. Mabert
Although the research on integrated enterprise systems (ES) is proliferating, the knowledge base about ES implementations, usage and experiences... Sample PDF
Enterprise System in the German Manufacturing Mittelstand
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Chapter 16
Darshana Sedera
Organizations invest substantial resources in acquiring Enterprise Systems, presumably expecting positive impacts to the organization and its... Sample PDF
Size Matters! Enterprise System Success in Medium and Large Organizations
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Chapter 17
Joseph Bradley
ERP implementation projects normally involve a single vendor providing the packaged software for the entire system. Although most companies follow... Sample PDF
Implementing Best of Breed ERP Systems
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Chapter 18
Ganesh Vaidyanathan
Enterprise resource planning systems are complex yet single, integrated software programs that runs off a single database so that the various... Sample PDF
Enterprise Resource Systems Software Implementation
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Chapter 19
Calin Gurau
This chapter considers the importance of business modelling for implementing e-CRM systems. The introduction of e-business models requires the... Sample PDF
Restructuring the Marketing Information System for eCRM: An Application of the Eriksson-Penker Method
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Chapter 20
Albert Boonstra
At the present moment, many hospitals are going through a process of change directed at the integrated delivery of health care. Enterprise Systems... Sample PDF
Analyzing an ES Implementation in a Health Care Environment
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Chapter 21
S. Padmanaban
ERP systems have become key enablers of businesses today. While many organizations wish to adopt ERP for competitive advantage, they find choosing... Sample PDF
Designing to Deploying Customisable ERP Cost Effectively
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Chapter 22
Mateja Podlogar, Katalin Ternai
This chapter introduces the ERP systems, their complexity, and especially their integration in higher education as a significant challenge for many... Sample PDF
ERP Systems in Higher Education from Regional Perspective
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Chapter 23
Valentin Nicolescu, Holger Wittges, Helmut Krcmar
This chapter provides an overview of past and present development in technical platforms of ERP systems and its use in enterprises. Taking into... Sample PDF
From ERP to Enterprise Service-Oriented Architecture
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Chapter 24
ERP and Beyond  (pages 329-345)
Suresh Subramoniam, Mohamed Tounsi, Shehzad Khalid Ghani, K. V. Krishnankutty
Enterprise-wide automation has already transformed the relations among suppliers, purchasers, producers, and customers. Conventional ERP helps only... Sample PDF
ERP and Beyond
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Chapter 25
Gita A. Kumta
The chapter introduces the essence of ERP in government as a tool for integration of government functions which provides the basis for citizen... Sample PDF
E-Government and ERP: Challenges and Strategies
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Chapter 26
Manish Gupta, Raj Sharman
A paradigm shift is occurring in identity management philosophy. User-focused identity management is one the emerging and most promising paradigms.... Sample PDF
Emerging Frameworks in User-Focused Identity Management
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Chapter 27
Ramón Brena, Gabriel Valerio, Jose-Luis Aguirre
From the Knowledge Management perspective, Knowledge distribution is a critical process in organizations. As many of the other Knowledge-related... Sample PDF
Next-Generation IT for Knowledge Distribution in Enterprises
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