Establishing Standards for Business Components

Establishing Standards for Business Components

Klaus Turowski (Otto-von-Guericke-University Magdeburg, Germany)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-878289-70-4.ch009
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Abstract

The field of business applications encompassing software for production planning or order management is dominated by some big vendors offering large standardized off-the-shelf application systems, e.g. SAP R/3, BAAN IV, or Oracle Applications. Despite all advantages of selling and buying these large integrated application systems, there are two major shortcomings: Usually only large enterprises can afford to buy, install, customize, and maintain these systems, and the complexity which is inherent to these still growing systems makes it harder and harder for vendors to enlarge and maintain them. Furthermore, markets for these large packaged application systems are almost saturated, because most of the large enterprises have covered their demand. On the other side, there are lots of small and medium enterprises (SME), which demand very specialized application systems together with a broad coverage of common business functionality, as the core of the related business tasks stay the same—independent from a company’s size. However, nearly no SME can afford to purchase or even to maintain these large packaged application systems. This leads to two important problems: SMEs demand on business application systems can not be satisfied, and vendors of large standardized off-the-shelf application systems lose an important market. In addition, small and medium vendors of business application systems, which offer highly specialized applications, have to master high barriers to entry the software market, as they have to offer core business functionality as well, in order to sell their specialized products.

Complete Chapter List

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Table of Contents
Chapter 1
Yesha Y. Sivan
The diverse uses of “standards” define the goal of this work, namely, to develop a general framework of standards and to reflect on the process and... Sample PDF
Knowledge Age Standards: A Brief Introduction to their Dimensions
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Chapter 2
Consensus Versus Speed  (pages 19-34)
Roy Rada
One standards organization takes years to reach consensus, while another standards organization takes months (Rada, 1995a). Changes are occurring in... Sample PDF
Consensus Versus Speed
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Chapter 3
Petri Mahonen
Information Technology is one of the most rapidly developing areas in the technological world. In fact, the classical information technology that... Sample PDF
The Standardization Process in IT - Too Slow or Too Fast?
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Chapter 4
T. M. Egyedi
The effect of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) on our daily life needs no explanation. That standardization reduces diversity... Sample PDF
Institutional Dilemma in ICT Standardization: Coordinating the Diffusion of Technology
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Chapter 5
Martin B.H. Weiss, Michael B. Spring
This chapter explores several issues related to intellectual property in the standardization process. Different intellectual property issues... Sample PDF
Selected Intellectual Property Issues in Standardization
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Chapter 6
Eric J. Iversen
In today’s environment of rapidly evolving information and communication technologies (ICTs), technical standardization is said to be confronted by... Sample PDF
Standardization and Intellectual Property Rights: Conflicts Between Innovation and Diffusion in New Telecommunications Systems
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Chapter 7
Robert Moreton
The purpose of this chapter is to define the context of standards within an Information and Communications Technology (ICT) strategy and to suggest... Sample PDF
Standards, Strategy and Evaluation
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Chapter 8
Wilhelm Hasselbring
For integrating heterogeneous information systems, semantic interoperability is necessary to ensure that exchange of information makes sense — that... Sample PDF
The Role of Standards for Interoperating Information Systems
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Chapter 9
Klaus Turowski
The field of business applications encompassing software for production planning or order management is dominated by some big vendors offering large... Sample PDF
Establishing Standards for Business Components
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Chapter 10
Jaroslav Blaha
NATO as an international organization consists of representatives from 19 nations and has to satisfy the political, operational and technical... Sample PDF
A Standards-Based Common Operational Environment
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Chapter 11
Falk v. Westarp, Tim Weitzel, Peter Buxmann, Wolfgamg Konig
Every interaction and all coordination in economic processes is based upon communication. The exchange of information necessarily requires both the... Sample PDF
The Standardization Problem in Networks - A General Framework
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Chapter 12
Simon L. Lelieveldt
The business of payments and the provision of payment instruments have a rich history, which can be drawn upon in a discussion of standardization.... Sample PDF
Standardizing Retail Payment Instruments
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Chapter 13
Joel West
The influence of institutional pressures on standards and standardization are readily apparent in their most direct form. For example, in the... Sample PDF
Institutional Constraints in the Initial Deployment of Cellular Telephone Service on Three Continents
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Chapter 14
Vladis Fomin, Kalle Lyytinen
This article analyses social networks by looking at the standard making processes. As a framework for analysis, actor network theory is chosen.... Sample PDF
How to Distribute a Cake before Cutting It into Pieces: Alice in Wonderland or Radio Engineers' Gang in the Nordic Countries?
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Chapter 15
Michael Sherwood-Smith
There is a recognized need to spread computer literacy across every level of society to generate an inclusive global information society, in which... Sample PDF
The European Computer Driving Licence: A Standard of Basic Competence for Personal Computer Users
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About the Authors