The Evolution of Free Software

The Evolution of Free Software

Mathias Klang (University of Goteborg, Sweden)
DOI: 10.4018/978-1-59140-999-1.ch028
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Abstract

The more we rely upon software to mediate the many facets of our lives the more important the ability to control and adapt that software to our needs becomes. The Free Software Foundation stands at the forefront for this effort to ensure user empowerment. The main tool of the foundation is the General Public License that has been a fundamental document in software development since its conception in 1989. At present the Free Software Foundation is in the process of launching a new version of their license and the process is similar to the development of an existing social contract—the delicate problem is meeting the new challenges that have appeared since the earlier version while maintaining the spirit of the original.

Key Terms in this Chapter

Software Licenses: A software license is a license that grants permission to do things with software. The license can be used to grant permissions to do things which are not granted by copyright. The license can also be used to deny users the right to do things to software to a much larger degree than those granted by copyright.

Linux: Linux is a free Unix-type operating system. Developed under the GNU General Public License, the source code for Linux is freely available to everyone.

Free Software (FS): A term denoting software which fulfills the four freedoms, a set of standards set by the Free Software Foundation. See more http://www.gnu.org/philosophy/free-sw.html .

Copyleft: Copyleft is a general method for making a program or other work free, and requiring all modified and extended versions of the program to be free as well. Copyleft says that anyone who redistributes the software, with or without changes, must pass along the freedom to further copy and change it. Copyleft guarantees that every user has freedom.

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