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The Evolution and Influence of Social Presence Theory on Online Learning

Copyright © 2010. 16 pages.
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DOI: 10.4018/978-1-60566-984-7.ch010
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MLA

Lowenthal, Patrick R. "The Evolution and Influence of Social Presence Theory on Online Learning." Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications. IGI Global, 2010. 113-128. Web. 17 Apr. 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-984-7.ch010

APA

Lowenthal, P. R. (2010). The Evolution and Influence of Social Presence Theory on Online Learning. In S. Dasgupta (Ed.), Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications (pp. 113-128). Hershey, PA: Information Science Reference. doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-984-7.ch010

Chicago

Lowenthal, Patrick R. "The Evolution and Influence of Social Presence Theory on Online Learning." In Social Computing: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications, ed. Subhasish Dasgupta, 113-128 (2010), accessed April 17, 2014. doi:10.4018/978-1-60566-984-7.ch010

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Abstract

The theory of social presence is perhaps the most popular construct used to describe and understand how people socially interact in online learning environments. However, despite its intuitive appeal, researchers and practitioners alike often define and conceptualize this popular construct differently. In fact, it is often hard to distinguish between whether someone is talking about social interaction, immediacy, intimacy, emotion, and/or connectedness when they talk about social presence. Therefore, this chapter outlines the evolution of the construct of social presence in an effort to understand better its relationship to online learning.
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Complete Chapter List

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Chapter 1
Robert S. Friedman, Desiree M. Roberts, Jonathan D. Linton
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Social Influence and Human Interaction with Technology
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Chapter 5
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IT and the Social Construction of Knowledge
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Chapter 7
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Chapter 9
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Chapter 10
Patrick R. Lowenthal
The theory of social presence is perhaps the most popular construct used to describe and understand how people socially interact in online learning... Sample PDF
The Evolution and Influence of Social Presence Theory on Online Learning
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Chapter 11
Social Presence  (pages 129-136)
Patrick R. Lowenthal
Learning is a social process (Harasim, 2002; Swan & Shea, 2005; Tu, 2000). Discourse plays a key role in the social process of learning (Harasim... Sample PDF
Social Presence
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Chapter 12
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This chapter questions whether the shift from the Web as a vehicle for storing and transmitting information to the new Web as a series of social... Sample PDF
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Chapter 13
Social Networking  (pages 156-168)
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Social Networking
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Chapter 14
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Chapter 15
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Chapter 16
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Chapter 17
Antonio Fini
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Chapter 18
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Chapter 19
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Chapter 20
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Chapter 22
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Chapter 23
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Chapter 24
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Chapter 25
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Chapter 26
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Chapter 27
Technological Social-ism  (pages 369-402)
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Chapter 28
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This chapter discusses how the construction of an adequate design and intervention framework for distributed learning environments might be... Sample PDF
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Chapter 29
Catherine McLoughlin, Mark J.W. Lee
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Chapter 30
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Chapter 31
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Chapter 32
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Chapter 33
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Chapter 34
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Chapter 35
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Chapter 36
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Chapter 37
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Chapter 45
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Chapter 46
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Chapter 47
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Chapter 49
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Chapter 54
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Chapter 55
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Chapter 56
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Chapter 57
James M. Laffey, Christopher J. Amelung
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Chapter 58
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Chapter 59
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Chapter 62
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Getting to Know Social Television: One Team's Discoveries from Library to Living Room
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Chapter 63
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Social Networking, Adult Learning Success and Moodle
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Chapter 64
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Chapter 65
Pankaj Kamthan
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Chapter 66
Yoni Ryan, Robert Fitzgerald
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Chapter 67
Petros Lameras, Iraklis Paraskakis, Philipa Levy
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Using Social Software for Teaching and Learning in Higher Education
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Chapter 68
Andy Halvorsen
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Chapter 69
Andy Polaine
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Chapter 70
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Using Social Networking to Enhance Sense of Community in E-Learning Courses
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Chapter 71
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Publishing with Friends: Exploring Social Networks to Support Photo Publishing Practices
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Chapter 72
Anne Sofie Laegran
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Technosocial Space: Connecting People and Places
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Chapter 73
Anca Draghici, Diana Barglazan, Myriam Lewkowicz, Gila Molcho
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Social/Human Dimensions of Web Services: Communication Errors and Cultural Aspects. The Case of VRL-KCiP NoE
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Chapter 74
June Abbas
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Social Software Use in Public Libraries
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Chapter 75
Rhoda C. Joseph, Jose Esteves
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Social Computing: Implications for E-Government
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Chapter 76
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Chapter 77
Tamara L. Wandel
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Student Use of Social Media: University Policy and Response
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Chapter 78
Manuel W. Mah
Social marketing is a way to influence the behaviors of stakeholders in the healthcare system. This chapter will define the traditional transaction... Sample PDF
Social Marketing in Healthcare
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Chapter 79
Zuopeng (Justin) Zhang
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Social Software for Customer Knowledge Management
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Chapter 80
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Chapter 81
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Chapter 82
Ruth E. Brown
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Chapter 83
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Managing Organizational Knowledge in the Age of Social Computing
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Chapter 84
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Social Software for Bottom-Up Knowledge Networking and Community Building
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Chapter 85
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Chapter 86
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Chapter 87
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Chapter 88
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Emergent Web 2.0 technologies and applications (such as blogs, wikis, podcasts, mashups, and folksonomies) present a range of opportunities and... Sample PDF
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Chapter 89
Stefan Klink, Peter Weiß
This chapter looks at the impact and opportunities of semantic technologies and Web services to business relationships and how social Semantic Web... Sample PDF
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Chapter 90
Richard D. Waters
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Chapter 91
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Chapter 92
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Chapter 93
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Chapter 94
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Chapter 95
Chris Abbott, William Alder
Although social networking has been enthusiastically embraced by large numbers of children and young people, their schools and colleges have been... Sample PDF
Social Networking and Schools: Early Responses and Implications for Practice
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Chapter 96
Angela T. Ragusa
This chapter explores how Internet-based asynchronous communication forums utilized in teaching undergraduate courses affect social interactions and... Sample PDF
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Chapter 97
Wai-Tat Fu, Thomas Kannampallil
We present an empirical study investigating how interactions with a popular social tagging system, called del.icio.us, may directly impact knowledge... Sample PDF
Harnessing Web 2.0 for Context-Aware Learning: The Impact of Social Tagging System on Knowledge Adaption
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Chapter 98
Randall Dunn
As communication and connection are essential instruments for professional educators, this chapter seeks to examine the effectiveness of an online... Sample PDF
Entering the Virtual Teachers' Lounge: Social Connectedness among Professional Educators in Virtual Environments
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Chapter 99
Grzegorz Kolaczek
One of the most important factors in human interaction and communication is trust. Each organization performing its quotidian tasks use... Sample PDF
Trust Modeling in a Virtual Organization Using Social Network Metrics
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Chapter 100
Max Kennedy, Toru Sakaguchi
This chapter attempts to understand the trust in social network services, where users post their personal information online to everyone with or... Sample PDF
Trust in Social Networking Definitions from a Global, Cultural Viewpoint
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Chapter 101
Harsha Gangadharbatla
This chapter focuses on detailing the role of five individual level factors—Internet self-efficacy, self-esteem, need to belong, need for... Sample PDF
Individual Differences in Social Networking Site Adoption
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Chapter 102
Robert Z. Zheng, Jill A. Flygare, Laura B. Dahl, Richard R. Hoffman
This chapter describes the college students’ online social communication patterns and behavior with a focus on the impact of individual differences... Sample PDF
The Impact of Individual Differences on Social Communication Pattern in Online Learning
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Chapter 103
Anthony “Skip” Basiel, Paul Coyne
This chapter sets out to explore how professionals can network, collaborate and capture informal learning in an online work-based environment. It... Sample PDF
Exploring a Professional Social Network System to Support Learning in the Workplace
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Chapter 104
Shawn D. Long, Gaelle Picherit-Duthler, Kirk W. Duthler
The traditional organizational workplace is dramatically changing. An increasing number of organizations are employing workers who are physically... Sample PDF
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Chapter 105
Christopher M. Botelho, Joseph A. Cazier
The threat of social engineering attacks is prevalent in today’s society. Even with the pervasiveness of mass media’s coverage of hackers and... Sample PDF
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Chapter 106
Jiehua Huang, Iiris Aaltio
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Social Interaction Technologies: A Case Study of Guanxi and Women Managers' Careers in Information Technology in China
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Chapter 107
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The aim of this chapter is to investigate the potential role of social software inside business settings in integrating knowledge exploitation and... Sample PDF
The Potential of Enterprise Social Software in Integrating Exploitative and Explorative Knowledge Strategies
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Chapter 108
Fernando Garrigos
This chapter presents the interrelationships between professional virtual communities and social networks, and analyzes how, and in what ways, these... Sample PDF
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Chapter 109
Maria Ranieri
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Chapter 110
Barbara Carminati, Elena Ferrari, Andrea Perego
Web-based social networks (WBSNs) are online communities that allow users to publish resources (e.g., personal data, annotations, blogs) and to... Sample PDF
Security and Privacy in Social Networks
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Chapter 111
Yasmin Ibrahim
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Social and Legal Dimensions of Online Pornography
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Chapter 112
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Social Networking Site: Opportunities and Security Challenges
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Chapter 113
Wilson Huang, Shun-Yung Kevin Wang
This chapter examines the gaps that arise between reactive social control systems and proactive technology systems. The authors further link these... Sample PDF
Emerging Cybercrime Variants in the Socio-Technical Space
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Chapter 114
Ghita Kouadri Mostefaoui, Patrick Brézillon
In recent years, the security research community has been very active in proposing different techniques and algorithms to face the proliferating... Sample PDF
A New Approach to Reducing Social Engineering Impact
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Chapter 115
Bogdan Hoanca, Kenrick Mock
Social engineering refers to the practice of manipulating people to divulge confidential information that can then be used to compromise an... Sample PDF
Effects of Digital Convergence on Social Engineering Attack Channels
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Chapter 116
Dion Hoe-Lian Goh, Khasfariyati Razikin, Alton Y.K. Chua, Chei Sian Lee, Schubert Foo
Social tagging is the process of assigning and sharing among users freely selected terms of resources. This approach enables users to annotate/... Sample PDF
On the Effectiveness of Social Tagging for Resource Discovery
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Chapter 117
Hak-Lae Kim, John G. Breslin, Stefan Decker, Hong-Gee Kim
Social tagging has become an essential element for Web 2.0 and the emerging Semantic Web applications. With the rise of Web 2.0, websites that... Sample PDF
Representing and Sharing Tagging Data Using the Social Semantic Cloud of Tags
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Chapter 118
Lisa Friedland
In traditional data analysis, data points lie in a Cartesian space, and an analyst asks certain questions: (1) What distribution can I fit to the... Sample PDF
Anomaly Detection for Inferring Social Structure
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Chapter 119
Todd Kelshaw, Christine A. Lemesianou
The emergence and development of Web 2.0 has enabled new modes of social interaction that are potentially democratic, both within and across... Sample PDF
Emerging Online Democracy: The Dynamics of Formal and Informal Control in Digitally Mediated Social Structures
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Chapter 120
Christopher Goldspink, Robert Kay
This chapter critically examines our theoretical understanding of the dialectical relationship between emergent social structures and agent... Sample PDF
Agent Cognitive Capabilities and Orders of Social Emergence
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Chapter 121
Jeffrey Mok
Technological artifacts such as computers and mobile electronic devices have dramatically increased our learning interactions with machines. Coupled... Sample PDF
Social and Distributed Cognition in Collaborative Learning Contexts
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Chapter 122
Yasmin Ibrahim
The advent of the Internet hailed the ability of users to transform their identity and expression and articulation of the ‘self’ through their... Sample PDF
Social Networking Sites (SNS) and the ‘Narcissistic Turn': The Politics of Self-Exposure
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Chapter 123
James D. Robinson, Robert R. Agne
News anchors, talk show hosts, and soap opera characters often become objects of parasocial affection because of the nature of these program genres.... Sample PDF
Audience Replies to Character Blogs as Parasocial Relationships
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Chapter 124
Kam Hou Vat
The mission of this chapter is to present a framework of ideas concerning the expected form of knowledge sharing over the emerging Semantic Web. Of... Sample PDF
The Generative Potential of Appreciative Inquiry as an Essential Social Dimension of the Semantic Web
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Chapter 125
Jillianne R. Code, Nicholas E. Zaparyniuk
Social and group interactions in online and virtual communities develop and evolve from expressions of human agency. The exploration of the... Sample PDF
The Emergence of Agency in Online Social Networks
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Chapter 126
António Jorge Filipe Fonseca
Several informational complexity measures rely on the notion of stochastic process in order to extract hidden structural properties behind the... Sample PDF
Two Informational Complexity Measures in Social Networks and Agent Communities
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Chapter 127
Christopher Goldspink
This article documents the findings of research into the governance mechanisms within the distributed on-line community known as Wikipedia. It... Sample PDF
Social Self-Regulation in Computer Mediated Communities: The Case of Wikipedia
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Chapter 128
Anssi Smedlund
The purpose of this conceptual article is to develop argumentation of the knowledge assets of a firm as consisting of three constructs, to extend... Sample PDF
Social Network Structures for Explicit, Tacit and Potential Knowledge
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Chapter 129
Krzysztof Juszczyszyn, Katarzyna Musial
Network motifs are small subgraphs that reflect local network topology and were shown to be useful for creating profiles that reveal several... Sample PDF
Motif Analysis and the Periodic Structural Changes in an Organizational Email-Based Social Network
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Chapter 130
Rex Oleson, D.J. Kaup, Thomas L. Clarke, Linda C. Malone, Ladislau Boloni
The “Social Potential”, which the authors will refer to as the SP, is the name given to a technique of implementing multi-agent movement in... Sample PDF
"Social Potential" Models for Modeling Traffic and Transportation
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Chapter 131
Jonathan Bishop
The rise of online communities in Internet environments has set in motion an unprecedented shift in power from vendors of goods and services to the... Sample PDF
Increasing Capital Revenue in Social Networking Communities: Building Social and Economic Relationships through Avatars and Characters
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Chapter 132
Stefania Pierno, Massimo Magaldi, Gian Luca Supino, Luca Bevilacqua, Vladimiro Scotto di Carlo, Roberto Russo, Luigi Romano
In this chapter, we describe a grid approach to providing multimodal context-sensitive social services to mobile users. Interaction design is a... Sample PDF
Providing Mobile Multimodal Social Services Using a Grid Architecture
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Chapter 133
Derek E. Baird, Mercedes Fisher
In this chapter we outline how educators are creating a “mash up” of traditional pedagogy with new media to create a 21st Century pedagogy designed... Sample PDF
Pedagogical Mash Up: Gen Y, Social Media, and Learning in the Digital Age
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Chapter 134
Robert D. Sprague
This chapter focuses on legal issues that may arise from the increasing use of social interaction technologies: prospective employers searching the... Sample PDF
Legal Issues Associated with Emerging Social Interaction Technologies
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Chapter 135
Lemi Baruh, Levent Soysal
In recent years, social media have become an important avenue for self-expression. At the same time, the ease with which individuals disclose their... Sample PDF
Public Intimacy and the New Face (Book) of Surveillance: The Role of Social Media in Shaping Contemporary Dataveillance
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Chapter 136
Symeon Papadopoulos, Fotis Menemenis, Athena Vakali, Ioannis Kompatsiaris
The recent advent and wide adoption of Social Bookmarking Systems (SBS) has disrupted the traditional model of online content publishing and... Sample PDF
Analysis of Content Popularity in Social Bookmarking Systems
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Chapter 137
Ann Dutton Ewbank, Adam G. Kay, Teresa S. Foulger, Heather L. Carter
This chapter reviews the capabilities of social networking tools and links those capabilities to recent legal and ethical controversies involving... Sample PDF
Conceptualizing Codes of Conduct in Social Networking Communities
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Chapter 138
Yu Zhang, Mark Lewis, Christine Drennon, Michael Pellon, Phil Coleman, Jason Leezer
Multi-agent systems have been used to model complex social systems in many domains. The entire movement of multi-agent paradigm was spawned, at... Sample PDF
Modeling Cognitive Agents for Social Systems and a Simulation in Urban Dynamics
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Chapter 139
Helen Klaebe, Barbara Adkins, Marcus Foth, Greg Hearn
This chapter defines, explores and Illustrates research at the intersection of people, place and technology in cities. First, we theorise the notion... Sample PDF
Embedding an Ecology Notion in the Social Production of Urban Space
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Chapter 140
Matthias Scheutz, Paul Schermerhorn
Effective decision-making under real-world conditions can be very difficult as purely rational methods of decision-making are often not feasible or... Sample PDF
Affective Goal and Task Selection for Social Robots
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Chapter 141
Ross Shannon, Eugene Kenny, Aaron Quigley
Social interactions among a group of friends will typically have a certain recurring rhythm. Most people interact with their own circle of friends... Sample PDF
Using Ambient Social Reminders to Stay in Touch with Friends
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Chapter 142
Adrien Joly, Pierre Maret, Fabien Bataille
These times, when the amount of information exponentially grows on the Internet, when most people can be connected at all times with powerful... Sample PDF
Leveraging Semantic Technologies Towards Social Ambient Intelligence
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Chapter 143
Sunanda Sangwan, Chong Guan, Judy A. Siguaw
Multi-user virtual communities have become an accepted fundamental component of communication whereby community members share information and... Sample PDF
Virtual Social Networks: Toward A Research Agenda
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Chapter 144
Bertram C. Bruce, Andee Rubin, Junghyun An
This chapter introduces situated evaluation as an approach for evaluating socio-technical innovation and change. Many current evaluations simply... Sample PDF
Situated Evaluation of Socio-Technical Systems
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Chapter 145
Almudena Moreno Mínguez, Carolina Suárez Hernán
The generalization of the new information technologies has favored the transformation of social structures and the way of relating to others. In... Sample PDF
Online Virtual Communities as a New Form of Social Relations: Elements for the Analysis
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Chapter 146
Guy Merchant
Over the last five years there has been a large scale shift in popular engagement with new media. Virtual worlds and massive multiplayer online... Sample PDF
Learning for the Future: Emerging Technologies and Social Participation
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Chapter 147
Margarida Romero
In recent years, we have witnessed an information revolution. This revolution has been characterised by widespread access to the Internet and by the... Sample PDF
Metacognition on the Educational Social Software: New Challenges and Opportunities
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Chapter 148
Mikhail Simonov, Marco Mussetta, Riccardo Zich
Since energy use is a type of consumer behavior reflecting the interests to maximize some objective function, the human being activities seen in... Sample PDF
Digital Energy: Clustering Micro Grids for Social Networking
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Chapter 149
Ansgar Bernardi, Stefan Decker, Ludger van Elst, Gunnar Aastrand Grimnes
This chapter introduces the general vision of the Social Semantic Desktop (SSD) and details it in the context of the NEPOMUK project. It outlines... Sample PDF
The Social Semantic Desktop: A New Paradigm Towards Deploying the Semantic Web on the Desktop
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Chapter 150
Lemi Baruh
In recent years social media applications, which enable consumers to contribute to the world of online content, have grown in popularity. However... Sample PDF
Social Media Marketing Web X.0 of Opportunities
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Chapter 151
J. Leng, Wes Sharrock
In this chapter the authors explore the contributioSocial Media Marketing Web X.0 of Opportunities Baruh, Lemi Kadir Has University... Sample PDF
Visualization in Support of Social Networking on the Web
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Chapter 152
Paul T. Kidd
Addressed in this chapter is the Social Shaping of the Semantic Web in the context of moving beyond the workplace application domain that has so... Sample PDF
On the Social Shaping of the Semantic Web
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